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Acknowledgement

Acknowledgement

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Published by hkabir_ju

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Published by: hkabir_ju on Nov 02, 2009
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01/08/2011

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 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
All great abundant thanks to the Glorious Almighty Allah, the Omniscient andthe sole nourish the sustainer of the universe, who taught me and guided mystep to this humble effort.I wish to express my profound gratitude to my supervisor 
Dr. Laek SazzadAndallah,
Department of Mathematics, Jahangirnagar University, for his overallguidance throughout my research and spending many hours discussing andreviewing the draft manuscript of this thesis. The preparation of this thesiswould never have been possible without his constructive suggestions, continualencouragement and assistance.I wish to pay my great appreciation to the chairman
Mr. Faruque Ahmed
andmy all respected teachers and staffs in the Department of Mathematics,Jahangirnagar University.My profound appreciation is extended to the examination committee, M. Sc.-2006, Department of Mathematics, Jahangirnagar University.I acknowledge the co-operation of the Roads and Highways Department (RHD)of Bangladesh who provided me the essential data for traffic count survey.I am also thankful to my friends, well wishers and closed once who helped meduring this work directly or indirectly.Finally I like to thanks to my full family without them I am nothing.
 
DedicatedtoMy beloved parents, Md. Tazul Islam and Mrs.ShamsunnaharAlsoMy respected uncle-aunt, Md. Khademul Islam and Mrs.Dilrose Ara
 
Abstract
In this work we study a macroscopic traffic flow model known as Lighthill, Whitham andRichards (LWR) model using a closure nonlinear density-velocity relationship whichyields a quasi-linear first order (hyperbolic) partial differential equation. We present thederivation of the macroscopic traffic model and the analytic solution of the model by themethod of characteristics. We report the existence and uniqueness results of themodel. We also study the finite difference scheme as a numerical method for thesolution of the quasi-linear first order partial differential equation and study the stabilityand error analysis of the numerical scheme. We discretize the traffic model by finitedifference method which leads to formulate a first order explicit upwind differencescheme for the traffic flow model. We present the stability and well-posed-ness of thetraffic flow model. We project the traffic flow of a highway based on the explicit upwinddifference scheme for the traffic flow model, where the velocity and flux is modeled as anonlinear function of density. We perform numerical experiments by implementing thenumerical scheme and verify some qualitative behavior of the traffic flow for variousparameters.

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