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Content Index of Figures Acronyms Introduction Chapter 1 Mathematical Modeling

Content Index of Figures Acronyms Introduction Chapter 1 Mathematical Modeling

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09/23/2010

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CONTENT
Content
Vii
Index of Figures
ix
Acronyms
x
Introduction
1
Chapter 1
Mathematical modeling
41.1 Outline of mathematical modeling41.2 Mathematical model of traffic flow51.3 Basic variables of macroscopic traffic model6 
1.3.1 Velocity field of traffic
6
1.3.2 Density of traffic
7
1.3.3 Flux of traffic
8
1.3.4 A key equation: Flux equals velocity time’s density
81.4 Derivation of the macroscopic traffic flow model91.5 Specific speed-density relationship121.6 Flow-density relationship14
Chapter 2
Analytical method for the traffic flow model
162.1 Method of characteristics16 
2.1.1 General strategy
172.2 Analytic solution of the macroscopic traffic model172.3 Development of singularities for analytic solution202.4 Existence & uniqueness of the solution20 
2.4.1 The Cauchy-kovaleveskaya theorem
20
2.4.2 Existence & uniqueness of the traffic flow model
212.5 Shock waves of traffic flow21
vii
 
Chapter 3
Numerical schemes for the traffic model
233.1 Linear finite difference schemes23 
3.1.1 Basics of discretization
23
 3.1.2 Explicit schemes for linear advection equation
25
3.2 Explicit schemes for nonlinear equation
263.3 Stability of the scheme263.4 Error analysis of the scheme273.5 Numerical scheme for the traffic flow model303.6 Stencil of the scheme313.7 Stability and well-posed-ness of the numerical scheme32
Chapter 4
Numerical simulation
344.1 Incorporation of initial & boundary data344.2 Algorithm for the numerical solution of traffic flow model354.3 Error estimation of the numerical scheme374.4 Numerical results for traffic flow394.5 Implementation of the traffic flow model50
Chapter 5
Conclusion & Future research
525.1 Conclusion525.2 Future research53
Bibliography
54
viii
 
INDEX OF FIGURES
Fig: 1.1 Diagram of mathematical modeling------------------------------4Fig: 1.2 Non-linear velocity-density function-----------------------------13Fig: 1.3 Fundamental diagram of traffic flow-----------------------------15Fig: 2.1 The characteristics for traffic flow model------------------------18Fig: 2.2 Traffic jam shock waves-------------------------------------------22Fig: 3.1 Spatial and temporal discretization------------------------------24Fig: 3.2 Typical domain of dependence-----------------------------------26Fig: 3.3 Error analysis of the scheme--------------------------------------28Fig: 3.4 Stencil of the scheme----------------------------------------------31Fig: 4.1 Error of the numerical solution-----------------------------------37Fig 4.2: Error profile---------------------------------------------------------38Fig: 4.3 Initial traffic density 
 
in 0.1 km------------------------------------39Fig: 4.4 Comparison between initial position & after 6 minutes-------40Fig: 4.5 Density of Car for 6 minutes--------------------------------------41Fig: 4.6 Density of Car for 9 minutes--------------------------------------42Fig: 4.7 Car Density for 12 minutes----------------------------------------43Fig: 4.8 Velocity Profile-----------------------------------------------------44Fig: 4.9 Flux of traffic--------------------------------------------------------45Fig: 4.10 Traffic velocity as a function of density-------------------------46Fig: 4.11 Flux as a function of density 
max
0
ρ  ρ 
------------------------47Fig: 4.12 Car density waves moves much slower for smaller
max
V  
------48Fig: 4.13 Density profile for a source term--------------------------------49
ix

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