Electro - Principles I
The Basic Power Supply
The power supply is used to convert theAC energy provided bythe wall outlet to dc energy. In most electronic equipment, the power cord supplies the ac energy at 120 V tothe power supply.The power supply then provides all the dc voltages needed to runthe equipment.The basic power supply is broken down into 4 elements as shown.
1) The Transformer 2) The Rectifier 3) The Filter 4) The Voltage Regulator
The Power SupplyThe Transformer The Rectifier The Filter
- usually steps up or stepsdown the incoming linevoltage depending on theneeds of the power supply.This alternating voltage isthen fed to the rectifier.- is a diode circuit thatconverts the ac to pulsatingdc. This pulsating dc isthen applied to the filter.- is a circuit that reducesthe variations of the in thedc voltage. It can includeone or several passive
Basic Power Supply -- Block Diagram
Rectifier Filter VoltageRegulator