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The Pulpit Commentary on II Kings

The Pulpit Commentary on II Kings

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Published by glennpease
EDITED BY THE

VERY REV. H. D. M. SPENCE, D.D.,

DEAN OF GLOUCESTER ;
AND BY THE

REV. JOSEPH S. EXELL, M.A.
EDITED BY THE

VERY REV. H. D. M. SPENCE, D.D.,

DEAN OF GLOUCESTER ;
AND BY THE

REV. JOSEPH S. EXELL, M.A.

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Published by: glennpease on Apr 24, 2014
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THE PULPIT COMMETARY O II KIGSEDITED BY THE VERY REV. H. D. M. SPECE, D.D., DEA OF GLOUCESTER ; AD BY THE REV. JOSEPH S. EXELL, M.A. There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text. WITH ITRODUCTIOS BY THE VE. ARCHDEACO F. W. FARRAR, D.D., F.R.S.— RT. REV. H. COTTERILL, D.D., F.R.S E. VERY REV. PRICIPAL J. TULLOCH, D.D.-REV. CAO G. RAWLISO, M.A. REV. A. PLUMMER, M.A., D.D, FUK & WAGALLS COMPAY ew Yoke and Toronto. II. KIGS. (S^)]ositiou arib ^omiletice : By rev. Gt. EAWLISO, M.A., CAO OF CATERBURY.
 
fomilies bg tlarious ^ntljors: REV. C. H. IRWI, M.A. REV. J. ORR, D.D. REV. D. THOMAS, D.D. FUK & WAGALLS COMPAQ T kw Yobk and Toronto. THE SECOD BOOK OF THE KIGS. ITRODUCTIO. Though tbe two Books of the Eanga " were originally and are really but one work, bj one writer or compiler," and though most of the point* which need to be touched on in an " Introduction," being common to both books, hare been already treated in the Introductory section prefixed to the Commentary on 1 Kings, still there seem to be certain subjects more particularly connected with the Second Book, which require a more general and consecntiye treatment than is possible in a running commentary on the text ; and the consideration of these will form, it is hoped, a not super- fluous or onwelcome " Introduction " to the present volume. These subjects are, especially, (1) "the difficulties in the Chronology," and (2) "the interconnection between sacred and profane history during the period of the Israelite monarchy." I. Difficulties in the Chronoloot. The difficulties in the chronology attach almost exclusively to the Second Book. In the First Book we find, indeed, that portions of years are counted for years in the estimates given of the length of kings' reigns, and that thus there is a tendency in the chronology to exaggerate itself — a tendency which is most marked where the reigns are shortest. But the synchronisms which enable us to detect this peculiarity are a sufficient safeguard from serious error; and it is not difficult to arrange in parallel columns the Jewish and the Israelite lists in such a way that all or almost all the state- ments made in the book are brought into harmony ; e.g. Behoboam reigned
 
seventeen full years (oh. xir. 21), when he was succeeded by Abijom, whose first year was parallel with the eighteenth of Jeroboam (A, xv. 1), and n. Knos. h ITEODUOTIO TO who reigned three full years (oh. xt. 2), dying and being succeeded by Asa in Jeroboam's twentieth year (ch. xv. 9). Jeroboam, having reigned twenty-two years incomplete (oh. xiv. 20), died in Asa's second year, and was succeeded by adab (ch. xiv. 25), who reigned parts of two years, being slain by Baasha, in Asa's third year (ch. xv. 28). Baasha held the throne for twenty-four incomplete years, his accession falling in Asa's third, and his death in Asa's twenty-sixth year (ch. xvi. 8). Elah's " two years " (ch. xvL 8) were, like adab's and Baasba's, incomplete, since he ascended the throne in Asa's twenty-sixth, and was killed by Zimri in Asa's twenty, seventh year (ch. xvi. 15). At the end of a week Zimri was slain by Omri, and a straggle followed between Omri and Tibni, which lasted four years  — ^from Asa's twenty-seventh year to his thirty-first (ch. xvi. 23), Omri's reign was reckoned by some to begin at this time, by others to have begun npon the death of ZimrL It is from this earlier event that hia " twelve years " are to be dated, and those years are again incomplete, since they oommenced in Asa's twenty-seventh, and terminated in his thirty-eighth year (ch. xvi. 29). Ahab's "twenty-two years" (ch. xvL 29) ahonld, apparently, be twenty-o«0, since they ran parallel with the last fonr years of Asa and with the first seventeen of Jehoshaphat. The entire period from the accession of Behoboam and Jeroboam to the death of Ahab and accession of Ahaziah in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat was seventy' eight years. Tabulab Ynw or thi Ohbonoloot or 1 KniGi, baton CbiUt. Tetrofthe Davldlo klDgdom.