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Architectural Dictionary

Architectural Dictionary

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Published by ATHUL

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Published by: ATHUL on Nov 02, 2009
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07/13/2013

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Billie Grahm & Mike Garde
Introduction To ArchitectureArchitectural Dictionary of Terms, Movements and Architects
 
2
determinants
Aesthetics
A particular theory or conception of beauty or art : a particular taste for or approach to whatis pleasing to the senses and especially sight
Altar 
1 : a usually raised structure or place on whichsacrifices are offered or incense is burned in worship2 : a table on which theeucharistic elements areconsecrated or which servesas a center of worship or ritual
Arch
n1 : a typically curved structural member spanning an opening and serving as a support(as for the wall or other weight above theopening)2 a : something resembling an arch in form or function;
especially
:either of two vaulted portions of the bonystructure of the footthat impart elasticityto it b : a curvaturehaving the form of an arch - See Page 19
Barrel Vault
Built like an arch would be built, complete with keystone, but then extruded intodepth. An arch will hold awall above a door or a bridge, anything narrow inwidth when compared to itsheight, length, and mass.Where as a barreled vault cansupport a room.
Base
1 a (1) : the lower part of a wall, pier, or column considered as a separate architecturalfeature (2) : the lower part of a completearchitectural design b : the bottom of something consideredas its support : FOUNDATIONc (1) : a side or face of a geo-metrical figure from which analtitude can be constructed;
especially
: one on which thefigure stands (2) : the length of a base
Capital
The uppermost member of acolumn or pilaster crowning theshaft and taking the weight of the entablature
Cathedral
Of, relating to, or containing a bishop’s official throne (cathe-dra)
Circulation
1 : orderly movement through a circuit;2 : FLOW
Civic Structure
A structure of or relating to a citizen, a city,citizenship
Column
A supporting pillar;
especially
 
:
one consistingof a usually round shaft, a capital, and a base
Concept
1
 
:
something conceived in the mind
2
 
:
an abstract or generic idea generalizedfrom particular instances
synonym
see IDEA
Dome
A large hemispherical roof or ceiling
Folly
A building that serves no need,only built for ascetics. It can beof any size.
 
3
n
1
 
:
lack of good sense or normal prudenceand foresight
2 a
 
:
criminally or tragically foolish actions or conduct
b
 
obsolete
 
: EVIL, WICKEDNESS
;
especially
 
:
lewd behavior 
3
 
:
a foolish act or idea
4
 
:
an excessively costly or unprofitableundertaking
5
 
:
an often extravagant picturesque buildingerected to suit a fanciful taste
Geodesic Dome
Explain that…
Gothic
a: of, relating to, or having thecharacteristics of a style of architecture devel-oped in northern France and spreading throughwestern Europe from the middle of the 12thcentury to the early 16th century that ischaracterized by the converging of weights and strains at isolated points upon slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by pointedarches and vaulting
b
 
:
of or relating to an archi-tectural style reflecting theinfluence of the medievalGothic
High Style
Requirements(Churches, Pyramids, Greek Temples)-Important Civic Structure-Planed by an Architect-Financial Backing
Indigenous
Having originated in and being produced,growing, living, or occurring naturally in a particular region or environment
Minaret
A tall slender tower of a mosque having one or more balconies fromwhich the summons to prayer is cried by themuezzin
Nave
The main part of theinterior of a church;
especially
 
:
the long narrow centralhall in a cruciform church that riseshigher than the aisles flanking it toform a clerestory
Pagoda
A Far Eastern tower usually withroofs curving upward at the divisionof each of several stories anderected as a temple or memorial
Pendentive
One of the concave trian-gular members thatsupports a dome over asquare space
Piazza
1
 
 plural piazze
 
:
an open squareespecially in an Italian town
2 a
 
:
an arcaded and roofedgallery
b
 
dialect 
 
: VERANDA,PORCH
Plan
Adrawing or diagram drawn on a plane: as
a
 
:
a topor horizontal viewof an object
Plane
A surface of such nature that a straight linedeterminants

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