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Anexo 4-Combustión Madera Virutas

Anexo 4-Combustión Madera Virutas

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Published by Casilisto

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Casilisto on Apr 24, 2014
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07/26/2014

 
G` hdalustcøk nb g` a`nbr` bs uk prdhbsd hdapgbod qub dhurrb bk ncibrbktbs bt`p`s. G` hdalustcøk sb ckchc` hdk bg sbh`nd bg hu`g sb vbrcich` bktrb gds 0:: y gds 02: mr`nds hbktámr`nds. Bk g` hàa`r` nb hdalustcøk gd prcabrd qub dhurrb bs g` gclbr`hcøk nbg F
<
D. Bk bg h`sd nb bstb prdybhtd g` a`nbr` bst`rà ` uk hdktbkcnd nb fuabn`n l`od nb uk 02 ` uk <: %. Acbktr`s aàs fÿabn` bstà g` a`nbr`, aàs bkbrmá` sb hdksuab p`r` gclbr`r bg bxhbsd nb `mu`, abkdr bs g` h`p`hcn`n h`gørch` nbg hdalustclgb y aàs ckbichcbktb bs g` hdalustcøk hdk bg hdkscmucbktb ckhrbabktd nb bacscdkbs kdhcv`s, bk nbickctcv` g` ncibrbkhc` bktrb ‗gbð` sbh`‑ y ‗gbð` vbrnb‑. Hu`knd bg `mu` gclrb sb f` bv`pdr`nd g` tbapbr`tur` hdacbkz` ` ckhrbabkt`rsb y bg `mu` qub bs p`rtb nb g` hdkstctuhcøk nb g`s p`rbnbs hbgug`rbs hdacbkz` t`alcãk ` bv`pdr`rsb. G` nbstruhhcøk quáach` nb g` a`nbr` hdacbkz` ` tbapbr`tur`s nb 09: ` 06: mr`nds hbktámr`nds. Bstb prdhbsd sb nbkdack` pcrdgcscs. G` nbstruhhcøk tãrach` hdaprbknb prcabrd ` g` Gcmkck` (ukds nb gds hdapdkbktbs iukn`abkt`gbs nb g` a`nbr`,  ouktd ` g` hbgugds` y g`s fbachbgugds`s) y dtrds h`rldfcnr`tds abkds capdrt`ktbs. @ bsb kcvbg nb tbapbr`tur` g` hbgugds` bs `ÿk bst`lgb. Bk g` abncn` qub g` tbapbr`tur` sb ckhrbabkt` sb ckhrbabkt`ràk g`s rb`hhcdkbs nb nbshdapdschcøk. Hdad hdksbhubkhc` nb g` nbstruhhcøk sb prdnuhbk adgãhug`s abkdrbs. @ p`rtcr nb gds <2: º H g` nbstruhhcøk y nbshdapdschcøk bs auy `gt` y sb mbkbr` aàs bkbrmá` nb g` qub bg prdhbsd rbqucbrb, bs nbhcr, nb uk prdhbsd bkndtãrachd sb tr`ksct` ` ukd bxdtãrachd. Bk bst` i`sb g`s rb`hhcdkbs nb g`  pcrdgcscs kd sdk hdktrdg`lgbs, bst` bt`p` pbrnur` f`st` gds 9:: º H. Bk bsb ckst`ktb g` a`nbr` sbh` f` pbrncnd 62 % nb su a`s` bk idra` nb v`pdr nb `mu`, ncøxcnd nb h`rldkd y hdapubstds bk idra` nb m`sbs hdalustclgbs. Bg rba`kbktb bs uk H`rløk auy rchd bk Bkbrmá`. Nur`ktb g` pcrdgcscs sb gclbr` `prdxca`n`abktb uk =: % nbg pdnbr h`gørchd nb g` a`nbr`. Bg m`s qub sb f` idra`nd nur`ktb g` pcrdgcscs hdktcbkb hdad a`tbrc`g hdalustclgb sdlrb tdnd adkøxcnd nb h`rldkd, auhf`s ukcdkbs drmàkch`s b Fcnrømbkd. Bs auy rb`htcvd y hdk bg dxámbkd nbg `crb sb dxcn` bk ncøxcnd nb h`rldkd y `mu` gclbr`knd mr`k h`ktcn`n nb bkbrmá`. Xc gds prdhbsds nb hdalustcøk bk bstb kcvbg sb `gtbr`k, pdr bobapgd, `nchcdk`knd hdalustclgb vbrnb qub nba`kn` bkbrmá` `g scstba`, sb prdnuhcrà uk m`s nb dgdr auy cktbkscvd y rchd bk bgbabktds cknbsb`lgbs, `nbaàs nb drcmck`rsb hdapubstds hdad `gquctràk qub pubnbk pbrounch`r ` g` hàa`r` nb hdalustcøk. Bk bg h`sd cnb`g, bktdkhbs gds m`sbs hdalustclgbs tbknrá`k gds prdnuhtds nb g` dxcn`hcøk nb bgbabktds nb h`rldkd y nb fcnrømbkd, bs nbhcr, F
<
D y HD
<
. Bk g` pràhtch` kukh` sb `gh`kz`rà uk` hdalustcøk pbribht`. G`s rb`hhcdkbs bk g` gg`a` sb prdnuhbk nb `hubrnd ` nbkdack`nds \`nch`gbs. Xb tr`t` nb àtdads y adgãhug`s qub pdsbbk bgbhtrdkbs sck p`rb`r. Bk bst` bt`p` sb rbqucbrb mr`k h`ktcn`n nb Dxámbkd nb adnd qub sb abzhgb hdk gds m`sbs hdalustclgbs. G` h`ktcn`n nb Dxámbkd rbqubrcnd p`r` uk` hdalustcøk sb pubnb h`ghug`r bstbqucdaãtrch`abktb. H
0
F
0,>
D
:,99
 + 0,:>D
<
 
 HD
<
 + :,= F
<
D + Bkbrmc` @ p`rtcr nb g` bhu`hcøk `ktbrcdr sb h`ghug` qub sb rbqucbrbk 0,83 ecgdmr`ads nb Dxámbkd  p`r` quba`r uk ecgdmr`ad nb a`nbr` `lsdgut`abktb sbh`. @ prbscøk kdra`g y ` uk` tbapbr`tur` nb : º H bstd hdrrbspdknb ` uk vdguabk nb :,3= abtrds hÿlchds nb dxámbkd. Bk hcrhukst`khc`s qub bg `crb hdktcbkb uk <0 % nb Dxámbkd, sb rbqucbrbk p`r` quba`r uk ecgdmr`ad nb a`nbr` >,9< abtrds hÿlchds nb `crb, Bk g` pràhtch` bg prdhbsd kd sbrà
 
bstbqucdaãtrchd y sb rbqubrcrà aàs dxámbkd bk bg prdhbsd. Xck bal`rmd, bg a`ydr `pdrtb nb Dxámbkd sb tr`nuhcrà bk uk` pãrncn` nb bkbrmá`. Bg prdnuhtd ick`g nb g` m`scich`hcøk nb g` a`nbr` y nb dtrds Lcdhdalustclgbs bs bg H`rløk nb a`nbr`. Ãstb sb quba` ` tbapbr`tur`s sdlrb gds 9:: º H. Bstb prdhbsd dhurrb sck gg`a`. G` dxcn`hcøk nb g` a`nbr` dhurrb bk `usbkhc` nb gg`a`s pràhtch`abktb y mbkbr` uk 8: % nb nbg pdnbr h`gørchd nb g` a`nbr`. @g ick`g pbra`kbhbràk g`s hbkcz`s g`s qub hdrrbspdknbk ` uk :,2 % ` uk 0 % nb g` a`nbr`. G`s ncibrbkhc`s bk bg hdapdrt`acbktd nb g` hdalustcøk bk bg h`sd nb g` a`nbr` y nbg H`rløk sdk auy hdkscnbr`lgbs. Bg H`rløk nb a`nbr` bs uk` sust`khc` pdrds` qub hdktcbkb uk 3: % nb H`rldkd, sb hdalustcdk` nb a`kbr` abkds cktbks` qub gds m`sbs nb g` a`nbr`. G`s rb`hhcdkbs qub dhurrbk sdk g`s scmucbktbs? <H + D
<
 
 <HD <HD + D
<
 
 <HD
<
 HD
<
+ H
 <HD Zrdnuhtds cktbrabncds nb g` m`scich`hcøk y nb gds prdhbsds nb hdalustcøk sdk  prckhcp`gabktb bg adkøxcnd nb H`rldkd y kuabrdsds hdapubstds drmàkchds. Rk` bacscøk `gt` nb HD nbaubstr` uk` hdalustcøk ckhdapgbt`. Bqucpds hdk uk` ck`nbhu`n` prdvcscøk nb `crb pubnbk tbkbr v`gdrbs nb HD auy `gtds bk g`s bacscdkbs, nb 0::: ` 8::: am/a
8
, gd qub bqucv`gb bktrb 2: y <:: acgcmr`ads nb H`rldkd pdr abtrd hÿlchd nb m`sbs. Xck bal`rmd, ` tr`vãs nb uk `pdrtb hdktckud nb hdalustclgb sbhd y nb `crb ãstds v`gdrbs pubnbk sbr rbnuhcnds iubrtbabktb, dltbkcbknd v`gdrbs bk g` vbhckn`n nb gds <2: acgcmr`ads pdr abtrds hÿlchd. Bk hdkstruhhcdkbs øptca`s sb pubnbk gdmr`r v`gdrbs nb 0:: am/a
8
. Bstb v`gdr mbkbr` bktrb 0 y < acgcmr`ads nb H`rldkd pdr abtrd hÿlchd. Xck bal`rmd, bk gds m`sbs nb s`gcn` `p`rbhbk dtrds hdapubstds nb H`rldkd, qub sb rbvbg`k bk g` hrda`tdmr`iá` nb ãstds. Z`rtchug`rabktb `p`rbhbk hdapubstds hdk ukcdkbs H
0
-, H
<
- y H
9
-. Xb drcmck`k bk gum`rbs nb g` gg`a` bk qub bg `pdrtb nb dxámbkd bs pdlrb. Bg hdapubstd aàs hdaÿk hdk uk H`rldkd bs bg Abt`kd. Bk bg h`sd nb hdapubstds hdk nds h`rldkds `p`rbhb bg Bt`kd, Btbkd, Btckd y Bt`k`g. Bk bg h`sd nb hdapubstds H
9
 bg qub aàs `p`rbhb bs bg Lbkzdg. Bktrb uk 2 ` uk 0: % nb g` a`s` nb H`rldkd hdrrbspdknb ` Lbkzdg. Acbktr`s aàs hdapgbo`s sb`k g`s adgãhug`s aàs l`o` bs su p`rtchcp`hcøk bk bg tdt`g nb H`rldkd. Zrdnuhtds pdgc`røa`tchds nb H`rldkd y Ncdxck`s søgd `p`rbhbk ` kcvbgbs nb p`rtbs pdr  lcggøk bk g` hdalustcøk nb g` a`nbr`. A`ktbkbr g` hdkhbktr`hcøk nb bacscdkbs nb H`rldkd l`o`s bk bg prdhbsd nb g` hdalustcøk nb a`nbr` bs bspbhc`gabktb capdrt`ktb, y` qub bstds prdnuhtds sdk gds rbspdks`lgbs nbg dgdr nb gds m`sbs y nb su tdxchcn`n. Rk` lubk` hdalustcøk bvct` nb bsb adnd g` adgbstc` ` g`s hdaukcn`nbs vbhck`s. G`s hdknchcdkbs y supubstds p`r` uk` lubk` hdalustcøk nb a`a`nbr` sdk?
 
 
^bapbr`tur` `gt` nb Hdalustcøk hbrh`k` ` gds 6:: º H, bk bg bqucpd nb Ycrut`s nb a`nbr` bs nb =9: º H.
 
^cbapd nb rbscnbkhc` ` bs` tbapbr`tur` nb pdr gd abkds nds sbmuknds. Bk bg h`sd nb gds bqucpds bsd sb gdmr` y` qub bs prdhbsd hdktckud y p`rtáhug`s sdk auy ick`s.
 
Xuichcbktb ckmrbsd nb `crb prca`rcd y sbhukn`rcd `g bqucpd. Bk g` obrm` tãhkch` sb f`lg` nb g`s trbs ^? ^bapbr`tur`, ^urlugbkhc` y ^cbapd nb rbscnbkhc`. Dtr`s bacscdkbs ` hdkscnbr`r sdk g`s nb Kctrømbkd. Hdk uk` lubk` hdalustcøk sb pubnbk ackcacz`r, sck bal`rmd, kukh` sb pubnbk bvct`r y` qub g` a`nbr` hdktcbkb hcbrt` h`ktcn`n nb Kctrømbkd. Gds hdapubstd KD
x
 sb idra`k nb trbs a`kbr`s?
 
 KD
x
 tãrachd
 
 KD
x
quáachd
 
 KD
x
 Zrdapt. Bg KD
x
 tãrachd sb mbkbr` hdk tbapbr`tur`s sdlrb gds 08:: º H gd qub bk bstb h`sd kd dhurrb,  pubs bg quba`ndr bstà ncsbð`nd p`r` tr`l`o`r ` =9: º H. \bspbhtd `g KD
x
 quáachd, nblbads `icra`r qub g` a`nbr` bk bst`nd k`tur`g hdktcbkb  pbqubð`s h`ktcn`nbs nb Kctrømbkd qub v`rá`k bktrb uk :,< ` uk :,2 %. Nur`ktb bg prdhbsd nb hdalustcøk sb mbkbr`k ckbvct`lgbabktb øxcnds nb Kctrømbkd. G` idra`hcøk nb ãstds hdapubstds sb ckhrbabkt` hdk g` tbapbr`tur`, `ÿk hu`knd kd t`ktd hdad bk bg h`sd nb gds  KDx tãrachds. Bg Kctrømbkd bs p`rtchug`rabktb hdapgbod hu`knd sb quba`k rbscnuds nb a`nbr` qub hdktcbkbk `nfbscvds, bk bstds h`sds g` a`nbr` pubnb ggbm`r ` tbkbr f`st` uk 2 % nb Kctrømbkd. Bg nbkdack`nd prdapt KDx, sb rbicbrb ` r`nch`gbs fcnrdh`rldk`tds qub rb`hhcdk`k hdk bg  K
<
nbg `crb? FH- + K
<
 FHK + K- < FHK + D
<
 
 <KD + HD + F
<
D Bstb tcpd nb idra`hcøk bk bg h`sd nb g` hdalustcøk nb g` a`nbr` tcbkb uk scmkcich`nd auy  l`od. Bk g` hdalustcøk nb g` a`nbr` sb bspbr`k v`gdrbs nb <:: ` 8:: am/a
8
 nb bacscdkbs nb nbrcv`nds nbg Kctrømbkd. Bk bg h`sd nb g` hdrtbz` ãstds v`gdrbs pubnbk `shbknbr ` v`gdrbs nb 8:: am/a
8
. Dtr`s bacscdkbs sb rbicbrbk ` nbrcv`nds nbg `zuirb (XD
<
, XD
8
) y m`sbs nbrcv`nds nb f`gømbkds. (FHG, FI), ãst`s søgd sb idra`k hu`knd bg hdalustclgb tcbkb nbrcv`nds nb bsds hdapubstds.

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