Standby Power Generating Sets
This chapter briefly discusses where and why the need for standby gener-ation arises and describes the systems that are included in a normalstandby power generating set. Most standby generating sets are dieselengine driven and this book concentrates on such sets. Asmall number of sets above about 500 kW may be driven by gas turbines and the sectiontitled “The Power Unit” includes an introduction to gas turbines. They arementioned elsewhere in the text but their use and characteristics are notdescribed in such detail as are the use and characteristics of diesel engines.
The Need for Standby Generation
The need for standby generation arises if the consequences of a failure ordisruption of the normal supply are not acceptable. The types of installa-tion in which the need arises seem to be limitless. There are basically fourreasons for installing standby generation: safety, security, financial loss,and data loss.
Where there is a risk to life or health such as in air traffic con-trol, aviation ground lighting, medical equipment in hospitals, nuclearinstallations, oil refineries
Security against vandalism, espionage, or attack
Area lighting, com-munication systems, military installations, etc.
Situations in which the loss of data may be catastrophicand irretrievable such as data processing and long-term laboratorytype of testing or experiment
Critical industrial processes, large financial institu-tions, etc.