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Chronology of Pakistan Railway 030307

Chronology of Pakistan Railway 030307

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The Chronology of Pakistan Railways
By
Owais Mughal
(Last Updated: March 03, 2007)(Also see Acknowledgements in the end for the source of this information)
(1)1838:
A survey was ordered by the British Government to lay a railway line fromSukkur to Sibi. The survey work however, didn't start until 1857.
(2)1845:
Written records show that as early as 1845, Rowland MacDonald Stephenson, ayoung employee of the first steam navigation company was doing his best to persuade the directors of the East India Company to introduce Railways intoIndia. Rowland MacDonald Stephenson is now credited with the title of the‘Father of the Indian Railways’.
(3)December 1851:
Government of India accepted the standard width of broad gauge as 5'-6" and allfuture BG lines were to be built at this width.
(4)1852:
Colonel J.P. Kennedy presented a memorandum which included a proposal for arailway following the Indus and branching off to Lahore, Peshawar and Gilgit, aline from near Hyderabad crossing Marwar desert to Ahmedabad, and a lineacross the Sundarbans to Dacca and thence to the east bank of the Ganges. Thismemorandum was accepted with many reservations by Mr. Simms, theconsulting Engineer to the Government of India.
(5)
December 1853:
Lord Dalhousie, Governor General in India (1848-1856) gave his approval to thescheme for a railway from Karachi to Kotri.
(6)Early 1855
Sir Bartle Frere, the Commissioner for Sind proposed Karachi as a big seaportand a railway from Karachi to Kotri, steam navigation up the Indus, the Sutlej
 
and the Jhelum rivers to Multan and from there another railway to Lahore and beyond.
(7)July 2, 1855:
Scinde Railway Company was established in London to build the 169 km longKarachi City - Kotri Railway Line. (The official spellings of Scinde provincelater got changed to Sind and then to Sindh in 1980s)
(8)January 1856:
Scinde Railway Company entered into a contract with the East India Companyto lay a Kurrachee (Karachi) to Kotri rail track.
(9)March 1856:
The Scinde Railway Board requested permission of Secretary of State for Indiato commence the survey of the country from Multan to Lahore and Amritsar with a view to completing the combined system of steam rail transit by land andsteam flotilla by water.
(10)July 1856:
Secretary of State for India gave Scinde Railway Company the permission tocommence the survey of country from Multan to Amritsar via Lahore. Thesurvey was carried out by William Brunton, Chief Engineer and brother of JohnBrunton of the Sindh line. The estimated cost of Multan - Lahore - Amritsar linecame out to be 6000 pounds a mile.
(11)June 1857:
After conducting 11 different surveys of Karachi-Kotri route, the final route wasapproved.
(12)
1857
:
Survey started to lay a railway line from Sukkur to Sibi.
John Brunton became Chief Engineer of the project of laying Karachi-Kotritrack. Brunton was also the Engineer in charge of the Indus Flotilla Company,which was run between Kotri and Multan, a distance of 700 miles.
(13)April 29, 1858:
Work started on a railway line between Karachi City and Kotri. The first sodwas turned by Sir Bartle Frere, in an imposing ceremony.
 
(14)1858:
Survey for the first Railway Line in and around Karachi was started on theorders of Sir Bartle Frere, the then Commissioner of Sindh. Karachi was thenspelt as 'Kurrachee'.
In 1858 first 4 locomotives were produced that were to run on the railways thatnow make up Pakistan Railways. These locos were 2-4-0 tender engines made by Kitson & Co of Leeds. They had inside cylinders of 16”x 24” and coupledwheels of 5’ 1 ½”.
(15)January 1859:
The first ever portion of rail track in present day Pakistan was laid betweenKiamari (the then Karachi port) and some railway workshops which swervedfrom the present main line near Karachi City station and crossed China Creek near the Boat Basin.
Another constructed line ran from the workshops at Ghizree (now called Gizri) junction to Ghizree bandar. By this line, locomotives and heavy materials weretaken to Gizri, from where by circuitous water routes of Indus river delta theywere got up to Kotri.
Contracts were made for the construction of a line from Multan to Amritsar, inthe Punjab, and for working a steam flotilla on the Indus, connecting Sindh andthe Punjab rail sections.
(16)
February 8, 1859:
The First sod of Amritsar and Multan railway (then spelt as Umritsur andMoultan) was turned by Sir John Lawrence, the Lieutenant-Governer of thePunjab.
(17)March 5, 1859:
Work started on a viaduct across River Bahrun (between Bholari and Kotri Jn).(Also see January 26, 1861)
(18)1859:
A railway tunnel under the bed of River Indus was proposed by ColonelRobertson. This tunnel was to provide rail crossing of River Indus at Attock. Thework on the tunnel started on March 12, 1860. The tunnel was supposed to be

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