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Organic FACS

Organic FACS

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Published by bayoubelle7774285

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Published by: bayoubelle7774285 on Nov 03, 2009
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Lindsey Smith Smith 1Dr. Gayle Salter FACS 242-Position15 April 2006Going OrganicOrganic living is a way of life that is growing enormously every day. It seems likethe word “organic” is everywhere now. However, I am surprised that I do not hear moreabout organic nutrition in Family and Consumer Sciences. In fact, in some classes I have been taught that there are no significant differences. After doing much research to see if Ihave been taught correctly, I have come to the conclusion that there are in fact manydifferences between the two, and organic foods are much healthier. They are not onlyhealthier for humans, but also healthy for the environment, local economies, and theanimals themselves.Animals raised in today’s factory farms are not grown. They are instead harvestedand manufactured. These animals do not live full natural lives as they should; insteadthey begin their lives in a factory and they never see the light of day. Fed antibiotics,growth hormones, and filler food of no nutritious value, these animals are forced to livesped up lives to quicken the process in which they can be slaughtered and sold. Thisshortens the amount of time of production while maximizing profits for the factory farmsand slaughterhouses. There are three interdependent areas in which detrimental problemscan be observed. These areas are consumer health, environmental conservation, andanimal welfare.Smith 2
Humans are subjected to many artificial chemicals by consuming animals raisedin factory farms, also called concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO). First, cowsthat are raised to produce milk are injected with recombinant Bovine Growth Hormones(rBGH) to increase milk production by 10 to 15 percent (Sustainable rBGH) and increasethe amount of time that the cows are able to produce milk by 8 to 12 weeks, in addition tothe natural 12 weeks of milk production after they bear their calves (Health). This mayseem like a very efficient way to mass produce milk, but it has serious healthconsequences. “Cows injected with rBGH suffer increased rates of udder infection(mastitis) and other health issues, forcing farmers to increase their use of therapeuticantibiotics including important human antibiotics. Antibiotic use in food animalscontributes to antibiotic resistance transmitted to humans. More generally, the increaseduse of antibiotics in animals has contributed to the global crisis in antibiotic-resistantinfections in humans” (Health).It is believed by some scientists that the growth hormones in animal products alsocause hormone imbalances, reproductive problems, and cancer (Sustainable hormones).Young females who ingest these added hormones reach puberty at a much younger agewhich causes them to potentially have breast cancer (Sustainable hormones). Mad CowDisease is also a risk since there is no ban on feeding these animals the remains of other slaughtered cows (Organic).Because of all of these health concerns, rBGH has been banned in Canada, NewZealand, Australia, Japan, and all 25 of the countries in the European Union (Health).These countries have even taken a step further by making the importation of hormoneSmith 3
implanted meat against regulation. For some reason, America is going in the oppositedirection; “According to the Cattleman’s Beef Association, 90% of all U.S. feedlot cattleare hormone implanted” (Sustainable hormones).However, organic livestock is fed organically. “Compared with conventional products,[…] grass fed products are lower in artery clogging fats but higher in beneficialnutrients including antioxidant vitamins, polyunsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids, and thecancer fighting fat CLA,” (Robinson) which shows the first benefit of choosing to live anorganic lifestyle. A study has shown that organic soups sold commercially in the UnitedKingdom contain almost six times as much salicylic acid as non-organic soups. Salicylicacid, which is responsible for the anti-inflammatory action of aspirin, has been shown tohelp prevent hardening of the arteries and bowel cancer. The average level of salicylicacid in 11 brands of organic vegetable soup was 117 nanograms per gram, compared with20 nanograms per gram in 24 types of non-organic soup (Edwards 10). Reviewing 41 published studies comparing the nutritional value of organically grown andconventionally grown fruits, vegetables, and grains, certified nutrition specialist VirginiaWorthington has concluded there are significantly more of several nutrients in organiccrops. These include: 27% more vitamin C, 21.1% more iron, 29.3% more magnesium,and 13.6% more phosphorus. In addition, organic products had 15.1% less nitrates thanthe inorganic products. She also noted that five servings of organic vegetables (lettuce,spinach, carrots, potatoes and cabbage) provided the recommended daily intake of vitamin C for men and women, while their conventional counterparts did not(Worthington).Smith 4

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