Wireless Network PlanningChapter 4 About Antenna Feeder
Chapter 1 About Antenna & Feeder cable
1.1 Basics of Antenna
In a wireless communiction system, the antenna system serves as an interface withthe exterior media. Antenna radiation and receive radio wave: in transmission, theantenna works to convert high frequency current into electromagnetic wave; whilereceiving, it converts electromagnetic wave into high frequency current. Antenna canbe divided into the following types in light of their work frequency band: untra-longwave, long wave, medium wave, short wave, ultrashort wave and mircowave; it isdivided into the following types in terms of direction: omni-antenna and directionalantena; it is divided into the following types in terms of its structual features: linear antenna and dish antenna. The model, gain, directoinal diagram, driving antennapower, simple or complicated antenna configuration and atenna polarization etc willaffect system performance.
1.1.1 Antenna gain
Gain is one of the most important parameters for the antenna system. The definitionof antennagainis related to ominidirectional antenna or half-wave dipole antenna.The ominidirectional radiator is one that assumes radiating equal power in all thedirections. The antenna gain in a directionamounts toisthe ratio of thefluxpower
density to that of ideal point source or half-wave dipole in the maxium radiationdirection (dB refers to the difference). See Figure 4-1 for the diagram.
Ideal isolated wave source
Theoretical half wave dipole
dBi indicates that antenna gain is the reference value of directional antenna relative tothe ominidirectional radiator, while dBd is the reference value relative to half-wavedipole antenna. The relation between these two is expressed as follows:
1.1.2 Directional Diagram
The directional diagram describes the dirstribution of antenna radiationelectromagenetic field according to angular coordinate within a fixed range. The