Wireless Network PlanningChapter 5 Design of Wireless Network
Chapter 1 Design of Wireless Network
The most important of all in designing a wireless network concerns the design of network layout. Such work involves the following in detail:(1) Decide the way of frequency multiplexing in light of frequency bandwidth;(2) Estimate the number of base stations required for the network based onexperience;(3) Determine the theoretic position of the base station;(4) Estimate network capacity;(5) Assume parameters relevant to the base station (hierarchical structure of thenetwork, transmitting power, antenna type, height to be hung, direction and angle of declination etc.);On the basis of determining the basic layout of base station, plan the frequency andadjacent areas, and then complete the related cell data, so as to accomplish theentire planning process.
Design of Base Station Address
In planning a wireless network, the design of base station address should generallymeet the following requirements:(1) The address should serve to meet the objective of rational cell structure; make acomprehensive analysis using an electronic map and a paper map of the urban area(information about ground objects and surface relief preferred). Standby stationaddress is required in the course of selecting a base station. For this purpose, it isrequired to consider the overall network structure, and make a choice in such major respects as coverage, anti-interference and traffic balance. In practice, the operator ispossibly required to consult with the proprietors as to the station to be chosen. Ingeneral, the station address should be arranged within a range of 1/4 radius of cellular base station (r for minimum width). It is allowed to choose several standbystation addresses within this range.During the stage where the network is established and there are few base stations,the station should be generally located at the center of an area where most of thesubscribers live. In designing a station address, top priority should be given toensuring good communication in special areas such as the place of governmentalagencies, airport, railway station, news center and major hotels and avoid overlappingcoverage in these areas; for other areas requiring coverage, station addresses shouldbe designed in accordance with standard cellular structure, while address selectionfor suburbs, highroads and rural areas with a large area to be covered is free of limiton cellular meshes;(2) Without affecting the layout of base stations, existing telecommunicationsbuildings and post offices should be chosen as the station address, so that their facilities such as equipment room, power supply and iron tower can be fully utilized;(3) Point the major lobe of antenna to the areas with dense traffic so as to enhancethe signal intensity in this area and thus improve the communication quality; deviatethe direction of antenna’s major lobe from co-frequency cells, so as to controlinterference in an effective way.
In urban areas, it is recommended that the overlappingcoverage of antenna in adjacent sectors should not exceed 10% in depth; the overlappingdepth of cover between the coverage a
reas in suburbs and towns with the directionalincluded angle of the sectors no less than 90
Attention should also be paid to thecorrespondence between the carrier wave number and the cell in designing. A larger