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Chapter11 Development of Network Planning Technology

Chapter11 Development of Network Planning Technology

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Published by welliejinx
notes on radio planning, celll planning chapter 1-11
notes on radio planning, celll planning chapter 1-11

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Published by: welliejinx on Nov 03, 2009
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Wireless Network PlanningTable of contents
Table of Contents
1.1 GPRS Basic Principle .......................................................................................................11.1.1 GPRS Network Structure ........................................................................................11.1.2 GPRS BSS and MS Function Introduction ..............................................................21.1.3 GPRS Signaling Model...........................................................................................41.1.4 Wireless Packet Channel Configuration .................................................................41.1.5 Packet Access Mode ..............................................................................................61.1.6 Paging Processing ..................................................................................................71.1.7 Discontinuous Reception (DRX) .............................................................................81.1.8 Wireless Resource Distribution ...............................................................................81.1.9 Packet System Message ........................................................................................91.1.10 Radio Link Control................................................................................................91.1.11 Channel Code and CS Change Control..............................................................101.1.12 Radio Link Monitoring .........................................................................................101.1.13 Radio Frequency Power Control.........................................................................111.1.14 Cell Reselection Control.....................................................................................111.1.15 Flow Control and QoS Guarantee .......................................................................121.1.16 Mobility Management and Communication Management...................................131.2 GPRS Network Planning .................................................................................................141.2.1 GPRS Capacity Planning ......................................................................................141.2.2 GPRS Coverage Planning ....................................................................................161.2.3 GPRS Frequency Planning ...................................................................................191.2.4 Summary ..............................................................................................................201.3 WCDMA System Overview .............................................................................................211.3.1 UMTS System Network Composition ....................................................................211.3.2 System Interface ...................................................................................................231.3.3 Basic Principle of Spread Spectrum Communication ...........................................241.3.4 Some of the Key Technologies in the WCDMA System .......................................271.3.5 The Receive Sensitivity of the WCDMA System ...................................................321.4 WCDMA System Network Planning ................................................................................341.4.1 The Content of the WCDMA Network Planning ....................................................341.4.2 WCDMA Wireless Capacity Calculation ...............................................................371.4.3 WCDMA Service Description and Calculation .....................................................45
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Wireless Network PlanningChapter 11 Development of Network Planning Techology
Chapter 1 Development of Network PlanningTechnology
1.1 GPRS Basic Principle
1.1.1 GPRS Network Structure
GPRS network has introduced such concepts as packet switching and packettransmission, which enhanced GSM network’s support for data services in terms of network system. Figure 11-1 and Figure 11-2 are the composition graphs of theGPRS network from different perspectives. GPRS, in fact, is another networksuperimposed on the existing GSM network. The GPRS network adds to the originalGSM network such entities as Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN), Gateway GPRSSupport Node (GGSN), etc. GPRS shares the BSS system of the existing GSMnetwork, but both the software and hardware need the corresponding update.Meanwhile, the interfaces of all the entities of the GPRS network and the GSMnetwork have to be defined correspondingly. Besides, the MS is required to supportthe GPRS service. GPRS supports the interconnection with PSPDN via GGSN, andthe interface protocol may be X. 75 or X. 25. At the same time, GPRS also supportsdirect interconnection with IP network.
Figure 11-1
GPRS Network Structure
1
 
Wireless Network PlanningChapter 11 Development of Network Planning Techology
Gf 
D
GiGnGbGcCEGpGsSignalling and DataTransfer InterfaceSignalling InterfaceMSC/VLR TE MT BSS TEPDNR UmGr AHLR Other PLMNSGSNGGSNGdSM-SCSMS-GMSCSMS-IWMSCGGSNEIR SGSNGn
2.2
GPRS
网络组成
Figure 11-2
GPRS Network Composition
1.1.2 GPRS BSS and MS Function Introduction
I. BSC
BSC is the core control part of the GSM/GPRS base station subsystem. One BSCcan control several BTSs.For circuit-switched services, the main responsibilities of BSC include:
Various kinds of wireless resources management
The mapping from the wireless service channel to terrestrial circuit;
Circuit-switched call control;
A interface support and Abis interface support.For packet-switched services, the responsibilities of BSC include:
Packet wireless channel configuration;
Controlling the conversion of the wireless channel between packet-switched services and circuit-switched services;
Providing necessary packet calling control support for cells withoutPBCCH.Besides, the operation and maintenance commands on BTS via OMC must becontrolled or transferred by BSC, and the channel configuration for the PCU and thePb/G-Abis interface configuration are mainly conducted at BSC.
II. BTS
BTS is the wireless part of the BSS, and controlled by BSC, BTS is the wirelesstransceiving equipment serving a specific or several cells.The main responsibilities of BTS include:
Realizing the wireless transmission and the related control functionbetween BTS and MS via the Um interface;
Accomplishing the layer 1 and layer 2 functions of the Um interface,and transparently transmitting layer 3 message;
Helping BSC accomplish part of the layer 3 function of the Um
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