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Reality the Theory of Relativity and the Quantum Mechanics Are

Reality the Theory of Relativity and the Quantum Mechanics Are

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Published by: api-15379927 on Nov 04, 2009
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12/07/2009

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Reality
The Theory of Relativity and the Quantum Mechanics are the two most important andrevolutionary discoveries of the twentieth century. While Relativity applies to large-scalestructures like stars, planets, galaxies and the like, Quantum Mechanics applies to the realm of atoms and sub-atomic particles and combines three out of four forces of the universe. The twotogether can explain all events and phenomena except a few, but what they say about the sub-atomic particles, their interactions, celestial bodies and objective reality are bizarre andcounterintuitive to say the least. To make sense of many observations and predictions of the twotheories and understand frontiers of knowledge and technology, scientists rely first onmathematics, which is the language of the universe, and then reasoning based on scientifictheories and experiments. In fact, understanding of modern scientific discoveries requiresscientific bent of mind and more beyond the realm of sensory organs, which give us flawedinformation and perception. In order to learn recent advances in science and technology, it isnecessary to understand how our brain processes reality and tricks us into believing reality basedon partial information it can retrieve from the environment and its own assumption, which may be quite different from objective reality.Scientists say our brain deciphers limited information perceived by our five senses, which havelimited ability to capture information from our surroundings. None of us perceives the world as itexists fundamentally. We cannot see through our senses either tiny bits of matter or the forcesthat move them. The visual image is inherently ambiguous; an image on the retina would be of the same size, be it a dwarf from close-up view or a giant from a distance. Although, the worldcaptured by our visual system is ‘a game of two halves’, the brain fuses them together to make asingle wide view. Our visual system is not a video camera. Our eye-lenses take still photographsin blocks several at a time of ½ to ¾ seconds duration and only a minimal amount of informationis brought into the most densely packed photoreceptor center at the retina creating invertedimages where there are 100 million photoreceptors. An additional defect of the human retina isthat the ocular globe is at a place which is about 10-13 degrees on the nasal side of the retina,where there can be no photosensitive cells. The resulting "blind spot" is surprisingly large,
 
subtending a visual angle of about 3-5 degrees, which corresponds to the region obscured by asmall orange held at arm's length. The small region known as the fovea is where the most preciselight input is received. Other apparent defects of the retina are its severe non-uniformity.Moreover, saccadic eye movements create calamitous smearing and displacement of retinalimages. Messages from thousands of photoreceptors are funneled into ganglion cells and theninto various parts of the brain for processing. Neither the eyes nor the ears can take in everyaspect of an object. The brain therefore fills in the blanks. Actual seeing is done by the brain,which takes incomplete and messy input and turns it into a meaningful and complete picture bysupplementing additional information on the surroundings, purported to be drawn from a virtual3-D image of the world created on a screen in the brain.There are many other interesting things that the brain manipulates that help us maximize our chances of survival. Let me explain two aspect of our reality, which are related to our survival.One is perception of color and the other is music. The perception of color is clarified first. Thekey to color perception is the result of interactions of waves of radiation or photons of variouswavelengths and orbiting electrons in matters or objects, in which photons alight. The humaneye, and other eyes which are capable of perceiving "color", contain two different types of nerveendings, named for their shapes, rods and cones. Color is a construct of the brain; it is our  brain's way of interpreting frequency variation, in the same way the pitch is our brain's way of interpreting the frequency variation of physical vibrations in the air interpreted by us as "sound".When red-frequency photons strike red-sensitive cones, our mind creates the color red in theconstructed image; and so for green and blue-frequency photons. Thus our brains invent color asa way of interpreting frequency data. At the same time, the data gathered by photons across theentire spectrum striking rods in our eyes is mixed into the image and interpreted as brightness inthe image. We use our computers in much the same way in imaging today; CT scans, geographicinformation, infrared interpretation, planetary scans, weather maps, satellite images etc. In thesimilar way, the brain interprets various frequencies of air vibration impinging on our ear drumsas sound; some are interpreted as music and some noises. The perception of both color and musicgive us advantage for survival in that they sooth our senses, all nerves and ultimately the brain,which then releases good-feeling hormones like dopamine, serotonin etc. into the blood stream.Animals have different perspective of the reality. As for example, dogs see the surroundings onlyin black and white colors and vague hues of gray. The inadequacy of their color perception iscompensated by their strong sense of odors or smells.Scientists say what we perceive as objective reality is in fact illusion. A new idea that isemerging states that the world we see is in fact a holographic view of the real world. I cite somevisual illusions to make this point clear. Consider the optical illusion known as Kenizsa Triangle,in which three Pac-Man shapes sit at what could be the three corners of a triangle, their openmouths pointed inward. Everyone sees three white lines forming the triangle, but there are in factno lines. A legend was circulated that many people saw ‘Satan’ in dust and smoke emanatedfrom the World Trade Center, which collapsed on 9/11 after kamikaze attack on them. Storiesabound that religious Christians on many occasions see Virgin Mary in potato chips and Jesus onan underpass wall. The news of gulping down of milk by Lord Ganesha, which was in circulation

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