are given by a lexeme or root. Adjectives take the noun´s gender, so there are two forms: onethat is variable for masculine and feminine ( e.g.: o/a: malo/mala, e/a: rubiete/rubieta, n/a: bailarin/bailarina). Besides these, there are some adjectives in Spanish which are constant for masculine and feminine, e.g. infantil/rebelde.
In Spanish as in English, the adverbs occupation is to modify, determine, vary or amplify themeaning of a verb, adjective or adverb. They are invariable, there are only some exceptions. Justsome of them accept suffixation morphemes (e.g. Ahora - ahorita) , and these morphemes don´thave concordant(e.g. La niña está
.. Adverbs, as linguistic resources, sometimes modify awhole sentence (e.g.
, Carmen vino.).
In both; Spanish and English, verb is the vital element of the predicate. It describes the action performed by the noun, also; it indicates process and condition. Simply verbs are formed by oneword; run, eat; caminar, cocinar. Compound verbs (compound tenses) are formed by two words;habia cantado, habrá partido; run-up, climb-down. And also there are in Spanish “perífrasisverbales”: volvió a temer, voy a partir. Verb admits grammatical categories of time, state, aspectand voice. Besides the one of the personal and possessives pronouns and number.
In English they don´t posses gender. And there are only few:Singular : –a / –an singular /plural : the.In Spanish it is a determiner, it accompanies the subject and informs about the gender andnumber of the subject. There are two types of articles: determined and undetermined.Determined articles:Singular, masculine:
Undetermined articles:Singular, masculine:
*There is no neutral plural form.
In Spanish as in Englihs it “conjuncts”, links, connects sentences or words, or establishesrelation between them. (Carmen trabaja
no todos los días.). There are two types of conjunctions: coordinate conjunctions, which coordinate sentences; El perro es mi amigo
loquiero mucho. And subordínate conjunctions which introduce sentences that function assubjects, adjectives, etc: Me voy a la cama,