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King Tutankhamen

King Tutankhamen

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Published by Divinity Fae Myst
Things I have researched online, that I wanted to share!
Things I have researched online, that I wanted to share!

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Published by: Divinity Fae Myst on Nov 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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King Tutankhamen
Tutankhamun, named Tutankhaten early in his life, was the 12th Pharaoh of theEighteenth dynasty of Egypt. He ruled from 1334-1323 BC and lived ca. 1341BC - 1323 BC, during the period known as the New Kingdom.His original name, Tutankhaten, meant "Living Image of Aten", whileTutankhamun meant "Living Image of Amun". He is possibly also the Nibhurrereya of the Amarna letters.In historical terms, Tutankhamun is of only moderate significance, primarily asa figure managing the beginning of the transition from the heretical Atenism of his predecessor Akhenaten back to the familiar Egyptian religion.As Tutankhamun began his reign at age 9, a considerable responsibility for hisreign must also be assigned to his vizier and eventual successor, Ay. Nonetheless, Tutankhamun is in modern times the most famous of thePharaohs, and the only one to have a nickname in popular culture ("King Tut").The 1922 discovery by Howard Carter of his (nearly) intact tomb receivedworldwide press coverage and sparked a renewed public interest in AncientEgypt, of which Tutankhamun remains the popular face.FamilyTutankamun's parentage is uncertain. An inscription calls him a king's son, butit is debated which king was meant. Most scholars think that he was probably ason either of Amenhotep III (though probably not by his Great Royal WifeTiye), or of Amenhotep III's son Amenhotep IV (better known as Akhenaten),
 perhaps with his enigmatic second queen, Kiya. It should be noted that whenTutankhaten succeeded Akhenaten to the throne, Amenhotep III had been deadfor some time; the duration is thought by some Egyptologists to have beenseventeen years, although on this, as on so many questions about the Amarna period, there is no scholarly consensus.Tutankhamun ruled Egypt for eight to ten years; examinations of his mummyshow that he was a young adult when he died. Recent CT scans place Tut at age19. This conclusion was reached after images of Tut's teeth were examined, andwere found to be consistent with the teeth of a 19 year old. That would placehis birth around 1342 BC-1340 BC, and would make it less likely thatAmenhotep III was his father.Tutankhamun from the back of his gold throne.
Ankhesenpaaten, Tutankhamun's wife -Image from the back of his gold throne.Tutankhamun was married to Ankhesenpaaten, a daughter of Akhenaten.Ankhesenpaaten also changed her name from the 'aten' endings to the 'amun'ending, becoming Ankhesenamun. They had two known children, bothstillborn their mummies were discovered in his tomb.ReignDuring Tutankhamun's reign, Akhenaten's Amarna revolution (Atenism) beganto be reversed.Akhenatenhad attempted to supplant the existing priesthoodand gods with a god who was until then considered minor, Aten.In year 3 of Tutankhamun's reign (1331 BC), when he was still a boy of about11 and probably under the influence of two older advisors (notably Akhenaten'svizier Ay), the ban on the old pantheon of gods and their temples was lifted, thetraditional privileges restored to their priesthoods, and the capital moved back to Thebes.The young pharaoh also adopted the name Tutankhamun, changing it from his birth name Tutankhaten. Because of his age at the time these decisions weremade, it is generally thought that most if not all the responsibility for them fallson his vizier Ay and perhaps other advisors.Tutankhamun died at the age of 19 by a head injury. Many suspect that he wasmurdered. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings. Two mummified fetuses

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