The Uraeus originated from the goddess Wadjet, who was seen as a cobra. She became the patron of the Delta, Lower Egypt, and so was worn by the Pharaohsas a head ornament, in effect part of the crown, as a claim over the land. Thereis evidence for this even in the Old Kingdom (3rd millennium BCE). The pharaoh was seen as a manifestation of the sun-god Re, and so it was also believed that the Uraeus protected the Pharaohs by spitting fire on their enemies. In some mythological works, the 'eyes' of Re are said to be Uraei.As the Uraeus was seen as a royal symbol, Horus and Set were also depictedwearing one.Another name for this is the term "Totaf" found also in the Bible.Golden Uraeus of Senusret IIIn 1920, the Qufti worker Hosni Ibrahim held in his hands the solid Gold,Golden Uraeus of Sesostris II, (after only a half-hour excavation). It had beendecided to make a (follow-up) complete clearance of the El-Lahun Pyramid'srooms, at Saqqara. The start in the rock-cut offering chamber, leading from thesepulchre, on the south, immediately revealed in the turnover of the 6 inches of debris, the Golden Uraeus, crown ornament.Prior to the 1922 find of Tutankhamun's tomb, this Golden Uraeus was the onlyornament ever known to be worn by a Pharaoh.The Golden Uraeus is of solid gold, 6.7 cm, black eyes of granite, a snake headof deep "ultramarine" lapis lazuli, the flared cobra hood of dark carnelianinlays, and also inlays of turquoise. For mounting on the Pharaoh's crown, twoloops in the rear-supporting tail of the cobra, provide the attach points. SeeReeves Ref, pg. 157 (1920). See Hagen Ref, pg. 202.Uraeus, as a hieroglyphBesides, the Uraeus being used as an ornament for "Statuary", or as anadornment on the pharaoh, it was also used for jewelry and in amulets.However another important usage is as the Hieroglyph.The simplest hieroglyph is the "Cobra" (the Uraeus), however there aresubcategories, referring to: goddess, priestess, the goddess Mehnit, shrine of goddess (àter), goddess Isis, and lastly goddess: (Cobra (uraeus) at base of God(ntr).