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النهايات و الاتصال

النهايات و الاتصال

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Published by almuslim

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Published by: almuslim on Mar 04, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/31/2013

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ات ع ب  
 
الاو تی 
 
سرا  
 
.
 
I
( 
1
(  :
 
2
(    :
( )
aaa
++ = ++ = +∞+= +∞ = +∞−∞
»
 
( )
00
a a
×= ∞×∞ = ×
 
00000
a aa
== =
 
3
(       :
(a
( )( )
lim
 f xg x
=
.
(b
( ) ( )
( )
lim
f x g x
+ = +
(*       
( )
 f x
 
( )
g x
  .(*       
( )
 f x
 
( )
g x
  .
(c
( )( )( )
0
00lim00
 x
 f xa aag x
= =
.
(d
( )( )( )
0
0000lim00
 x
 f xag x
+= =
    .
e(
 
:
2
 x x
=
 
22
;0;0
 x x x x x x
=
=
4
(  .
( )( )( ) ( )
2000
1costansin1limlim1lim12
 x x x
ax ax axax axax
= = =
 
5
(.
(a
   
 f 
  
0
 x
  
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x
 
( ) ( )
0
0
lim
 x
 f x f x
=
 
 f 
  
0
 x
.
(b
 
 f 
                     .
6
( 
 
 f 
   
0
 x
   
 f 
    
0
 x
   
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x
 
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x l
=
»
 
 f 
  
g
  
0
 x
   :
( ) ( )( )
00
,
g x f x x xg x l
=
=
7
( .
(a
 
( ) ( )
 f x l g x
  
0
 x
  
( )
0
lim0
 x
g x
=
(b
 
( ) ( )
 f x g x
 
0
 x
 
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x
= +∞
(c
 
( ) ( )
 f x g x
 
0
 x
 
( )
0
lim
 x
g x
= −∞
(d
 
( ) ( ) ( )
g x f x h x
 
0
 x
 
( ) ( )
00
limlim
 x x
g x h x l
= =
II
(    .
1
(
(a
      . 
(b
       .
2
(
(a
 
 f 
   :(*
[ ]
( )
( ) ( )
,,
 f a b f a f b
=
(*
] ]
( )
( )
,lim,
a
 f a b f f b
+
=
.
(b
 
 f 
   :(*
[ ]
( )
( ) ( )
,,
 f a b f b f a
=
(*
] [
( )
,lim,lim
b a
 f a b f
+
=
.
3
(   
(a
  
 f 
  
[ ]
,
a b
 
λ 
  
( )
 f a
 
( )
 f b
 
(b
  
 f 
  
[ ]
,
a b
 
 
( ) ( )
0
 f a f b
 
  
( )
0
 f x
=
   
] [
,
a b
 
 :
(* 
( ) ( )
0
 f a f b
 
[ ]
,
c a b
. (* 
 f 
    
c
   .  
III
( 
 
1
(
 
 : (*
 f 
   
 I 
 (*
 f 
   
 I 
 (*
( )
 f I
=
  
 f 
   
1
:
 f J
  : 
( )( ) ( ) ( )
1
:
 x J y I f x y f y x
= =
2
(
(a

1
 f 
  
 J 
(b

1
 f 
   
 J 
    
 f 
.
(c
 . .  
 f 
 
1
 f 
   
( )
:
y x
=
.
 
 
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x l
=
 
( )
0
lim
 x
g x
=+∞
 
 
 
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x
= −∞
 
 
( )
0
lim
 x
 f x l
=
 
[ ]
( )
( )
,:
c a b f c
λ 
=
 
] [
( )
( )
,:0
c a b f c
=
 
 f 
  
 I 
 
 J 
00
 
 
0
×+∞−∞
 
      
 
3
( 
1
 f 
.
 
 f 
       
 I 
 
( ) ( )
:0
 x I f x
 
1
 f 
   
( )
 J f
=
 
( )
( )
( )( )
( )
11
1:
 x J f x f f x
=
IV
(    
n
( )
*
n
1
( :
 
 x
 
+
»

n
 x
 
 y
 
 IR
+
  
n
 y x
=
. (* :
4
162
=

4
20216
و  
=
.(*
( )
4
216
=
  
4
162

2
+
»
2
( 
(a

n
  
+
»
(b
( )
:0
n
 x x
+
»
c
( 
( )
,:)*)*
nnnn
 x y x y x y x y x y
+
= =< <
»
.
(d
 
( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
 x y x y x y x y x y
+
= =
»
.
(e
 
n
  :
( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
 x y x y x y x y x y
= =
»
 (f 
 
n
  :
( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
 x y x y x y x y x y
= =
»
 
(g
(*
( )
( )
0.
nnnn
 x x x x
= =
(* 
n
 
():
n n
 x IR x x
=
(h
  
n
 
 p
 
*
 IN 
 
a
 
b
 
+
»
 (*
.
n n n
a b ab
=
 
(*
( )
;
 pnpn p pn n
a a a a
= =
 
(*
( )
;0
n p npnnn
a aa a bbb
=
=
 
(*
.
np pn pn
a a a
+
=
(i
(*
( )
( )
*
,0:
 p pnn
n p x x x
=
(* 
 p
 :
( )
:
 p pnn
 x x x
=
»
.
 
 :
 
1
( 
0
 xy
 
nn n
 x y x y
=
 
nnn
 x x yy
=
(2
(* 
( )
33
0:
 x x x
=
 
( )( )
33333333
;0;0
 x x x x x x x x
= =
= − =
. (*
 
33332222
a b a ba b a ba ab b a ab b
+ + = =+ + +
 
443223
a ba ba a b ab b
=+ + +
 (j
 
a
 
b
 
*
 IR
+
 
 
'
 
 
r r r
a a a
+
=
 
( )
r r r 
a a
=
 
r
aaa
=
 
( )
r
ab a b
=
 
1
aa
=
 
a ab b
=
V
(   
Arc tangente
1
( :
 
 x
 
»

( )
tan
 Arc x
 
 y
 
,22
π π 
 
( )
tan
y x
=
.
2
( 
:
(a

tan
 Arc
  
»
 
(b
( )
:tan22
 Arc x
π π 
»
 
(c
( ) ( )
tantan
 x Arc x x
=
»
(d
( )
,:tantan()22
 x Arc x x
π π 
=
(e
( )
,:)tantan*)tantan*
 x y Arc x Arc y x y Arc x Arc y x y
= =
»
.
(f 
,,:)tantan*22)tantan*
 x y x y x y x y x y
π π 
= =
 
(g

arctan
  : 
( ) ( ) ( )
:tantan
 x Arc x Arc x
=
»
(h
 
 
(a
   
a b
=
    
 
( ) ( )
tantan
a b
=
   
,,22
a b
π π 
 
    .
(b
   
arctan()
a b
=
    
 
( )
tan
b a
=
   
,22
b
π π 
 
3
1
13
 0
 x
3
π 
 
4
π 
 
6
π 
 0
( )
tan
 Arc x
 

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