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النهايات و الاتصال

# النهايات و الاتصال

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Published by almuslim

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Published by: almuslim on Mar 04, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/31/2013

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ات ع ب 

الاو تی

سرا 

.

I
(
1
(  :

2
(    :
( )
aaa
++ = ++ = +∞+= +∞ = +∞−∞
»

( )
00
a a
×= ∞×∞ = ×

00000
a aa
== =

3
(       :
(a
( )( )
lim
f xg x
=
.
(b
( ) ( )
( )
lim
f x g x
+ = +
(*       
( )
f x

( )
g x
  .(*       
( )
f x

( )
g x
  .
(c
( )( )( )
0
00lim00
x
f xa aag x
= =
.
(d
( )( )( )
0
0000lim00
x
f xag x
+= =
   .
e(

:
2
x x
=

22
;0;0
x x x x x x
=
=
4
(  .
( )( )( ) ( )
2000
1costansin1limlim1lim12
x x x
ax ax axax axax
= = =

5
(.
(a
  
f
 
0
x
 
( )
0
lim
x
f x
 
( ) ( )
0
0
lim
x
f x f x
=

f
 
0
x
.
(b
 
f
                     .
6
( 

f
  
0
x
  
f
   
0
x
  
( )
0
lim
x
f x
 
( )
0
lim
x
f x l
=
»

f
 
g
 
0
x
   :
( ) ( )( )
00
,
g x f x x xg x l
=
=
7
( .
(a
 
( ) ( )
f x l g x
 
0
x

( )
0
lim0
x
g x
=
(b
 
( ) ( )
f x g x

0
x

( )
0
lim
x
f x
= +∞
(c
 
( ) ( )
f x g x

0
x

( )
0
lim
x
g x
= −∞
(d
 
( ) ( ) ( )
g x f x h x

0
x

( ) ( )
00
limlim
x x
g x h x l
= =
II
(    .
1
(
(a
      .
(b
       .
2
(
(a
 
f
   :(*
[ ]
( )
( ) ( )
,,
f a b f a f b
=
(*
] ]
( )
( )
,lim,
a
f a b f f b
+
=
.
(b
 
f
   :(*
[ ]
( )
( ) ( )
,,
f a b f b f a
=
(*
] [
( )
,lim,lim
b a
f a b f
+
=
.
3
(  
(a
 
f
 
[ ]
,
a b

λ
  
( )
f a

( )
f b

(b
 
f
 
[ ]
,
a b


( ) ( )
0
f a f b

 
( )
0
f x
=
  
] [
,
a b

 :
(* 
( ) ( )
0
f a f b

[ ]
,
c a b
. (* 
f
   
c
   .
III
( 

1
(

 : (*
f
  
I
(*
f
  
I
(*
( )
f I
=

f
  
1
:
f J
 :
( )( ) ( ) ( )
1
:
x J y I f x y f y x
= =
2
(
(a

1
f
 
J
(b

1
f
  
J
   
f
.
(c
 . . 
f

1
f
   
( )
:
y x
=
.


( )
0
lim
x
f x l
=

( )
0
lim
x
g x
=+∞



( )
0
lim
x
f x
= −∞


( )
0
lim
x
f x l
=

[ ]
( )
( )
,:
c a b f c
λ
=

] [
( )
( )
,:0
c a b f c
=

f
 
I

J
00

0
×+∞−∞

      

3
( 
1
f
.
 
f
      
I

( ) ( )
:0
x I f x

1
f
  
( )
J f
=

( )
( )
( )( )
( )
11
1:
x J f x f f x
=
IV
(   
n
( )
*
n
1
( :

x

+
»

n
x
 
y

IR
+
 
n
y x
=
. (* :
4
162
=

4
20216
و
=
.(*
( )
4
216
=
 
4
162

2
+
»
2
(
(a

n
 
+
»
(b
( )
:0
n
x x
+
»
c
(
( )
,:)*)*
nnnn
x y x y x y x y x y
+
= =< <
»
.
(d

( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
x y x y x y x y x y
+
= =
»
.
(e
 
n
  :
( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
x y x y x y x y x y
= =
»
(f
 
n
  :
( )
,:)*)*
n nn n
x y x y x y x y x y
= =
»

(g
(*
( )
( )
0.
nnnn
x x x x
= =
(* 
n

():
n n
x IR x x
=
(h

n

p

*
IN

a

b

+
»
(*
.
n n n
a b ab
=

(*
( )
;
pnpn p pn n
a a a a
= =

(*
( )
;0
n p npnnn
a aa a bbb
=
=

(*
.
np pn pn
a a a
+
=
(i
(*
( )
( )
*
,0:
p pnn
n p x x x
=
(* 
p
 :
( )
:
p pnn
x x x
=
»
.

 :

1
( 
0
xy

nn n
x y x y
=

nnn
x x yy
=
(2
(*
( )
33
0:
x x x
=

( )( )
33333333
;0;0
x x x x x x x x
= =
= − =
. (*

33332222
a b a ba b a ba ab b a ab b
+ + = =+ + +

443223
a ba ba a b ab b
=+ + +
(j

a

b

*
IR
+


'


r r r
a a a
+
=

( )
r r r
a a
=

r
aaa
=

( )
r
ab a b
=

1
aa
=

a ab b
=
V
(  
Arc tangente
1
( :

x

»

( )
tan
Arc x
 
y

,22
π π
 
( )
tan
y x
=
.
2
(
:
(a

tan
Arc
 
»

(b
( )
:tan22
Arc x
π π
»

(c
( ) ( )
tantan
x Arc x x
=
»
(d
( )
,:tantan()22
x Arc x x
π π
=
(e
( )
,:)tantan*)tantan*
x y Arc x Arc y x y Arc x Arc y x y
= =
»
.
(f
,,:)tantan*22)tantan*
x y x y x y x y x y
π π
= =

(g

arctan
  :
( ) ( ) ( )
:tantan
x Arc x Arc x
=
»
(h


(a
  
a b
=
    

( ) ( )
tantan
a b
=

,,22
a b
π π

    .
(b
  
arctan()
a b
=
    

( )
tan
b a
=

,22
b
π π

3
1
13
0
x
3
π

4
π

6
π
0
( )
tan
Arc x

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