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Sri Lankan Government Stands Between the Oppressed and the UN

Sri Lankan Government Stands Between the Oppressed and the UN

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Published by Puni Selva
Oppressive governments use all sorts of ploys to oppress sections of its citizenry. The oppressed have no representation at intergovernmental bodies like the UN. Furthermore the UN has not been evolving with the changes in the society for 6/7 decades and can thus be easily manipulated by oppressive regimes to part with the principles in the UN Charter.
Oppressive governments use all sorts of ploys to oppress sections of its citizenry. The oppressed have no representation at intergovernmental bodies like the UN. Furthermore the UN has not been evolving with the changes in the society for 6/7 decades and can thus be easily manipulated by oppressive regimes to part with the principles in the UN Charter.

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Published by: Puni Selva on Apr 30, 2014
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Sri Lankan government stands between the oppressed and the UN I.UN can be disabled by an oppressive regime:
 ‗‘Jan Eliasson, deputy secretary
-general of the United Nations, speaking at the Council on Foreign Relations, said that the UN system did not adapt properly when the final brutal stage of the conflict put great pressure for a broader UN presence, which had
been focused on development‘‘
- UN official notes failure in SL, 10 October 2013, http://colombogazette.com/2013/10/10/un-official-notes-failure/
 ‗‘UN Secretary General Ban Ki
-moon has made a reference to Sri Lanka in his annual report on the work of the UN. In his report released at the UN Headquarters, the UN Chief says the UN is looking at strengthening its capacity to respond to crisis situations
by using a panel report on Sri Lanka as a guide‘‘ –
 Ban refers to Sri Lanka, 4 September 2013, http://colombogazette.com/2013/09/04/ban-refers-to-sri-lanka/
 ‗‘ 
 
The UN‘s failure to
adequately respond to events like those that occurred in Sri Lanka should not happen again. When confronted by similar situations, the UN must be able to meet a much higher standard in fulfilling its protection and humanita
rian responsibilities‘‘
- REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-G
ENERAL‘S INTERNAL REVIEW PANEL ON UNITED
NATIONS ACTION IN SRI LANKA, November 2012 II Hostility towards UN: a.Sri Lanka has been hostile to i. visits by UN officials Saying no to interference, 20 September 2012, http://www.dailymirror.lk/caption-story/22086-saying-no-to-interference.html ii.statements made by UN officials during the last seven years of the present regime.They have even burnt effigies of the Secretary General in Colombo - http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/07/06/us-srilanka-un-idUSTRE6651MI20100706. They vilified John Holmes(Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs) - http://www.humanrights.asia/news/ahrc-news/AS-192-2007 b.Sri Lanka is opposed to UN reports: Sri Lanka rejects UN panel report, 13 April 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/news/story/2011/04/110413_amnesty.shtml c.Sri Lanka brushes aside UNHRC resolutions, but employs PR firms to ''work'' with the US: UNHRC passed US-sponsored resolutions on Sri Lanka in March 2012 and March 2013 asking the Sri Lankan government to investigate violations of International Law and to implement the recommendations of its own Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission: i.''President Mahinda Rajapaksa is to lead a campaign organized by the government to muster the support of the people against the Resolution passed at the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva'' -
MR To Lead Campaign To Get People‘s Support, 1 April
2012, http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2012/04/01/mr-to-lead-campaign-to-get-peoples-support/
 
ii.Sri Lankan government appointed two PR firms to work with the US in February/March 2013 and told the parliament on 9 April 2013 that it did not concur with the US-sponsored resolution. c. Under international pressure it pretended to take Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission seriously and prepared an Action Plan but no action is yet taken: i.''In the interim report of the LLRC, recommendations were made which were eminently sensible and humane, and which would have been a step in the process of reconciliation that the government talks about. The president accepted the recommendations very promptly, to his credit. A committee was appointed, the usual bureaucratic game, presided over by Attorney General Mohan Peiris, but we have still not heard about implementation'' - Economic development alone will not satisfy minority grievances, Jayantha Dhanapala, 30 July 2011, ii.The Sri Lankan Foreign Minister took an Action Plan to the US in May 2012 and told the US Secretary of State that Sri Lanka would implement the LLRC recommendations. It's under great pressure from the public that the government released the very professional-looking Action Plan to the public after the Minister returned home but the government has not implemented even the easy-to-implemnt recommendations:
iii. ‗‘The LLRC itself laments the non implementation of its ―interim recommendations‖
and should it be able to, would no doubt lament the non implementation of its final recommendations. Sri Lanka and the shared future of all her peoples would be much better off, if the Lalith Weeratunga and Mohan Peiris Committee on implementing the LLRC recommendations was to actually ensure that the letter and spirit of the LLRC recommendations be implemented, speedily, fully and completely, which is exactly what the world seems to be telling Sri Lanka in Geneva - Geneva And The Implementation Of The LLRC, Harim Pieris, 5 March 2013, http://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/geneva-and-the-implementation-of-the-llrc/ III.UN agencies have been prevented from helping the IDPs in the North and the East: i.Denying access to humanitarian aid:
 ‗‘It should be noted that the problem of accessing camps for humanitarian personnel
persists th
roughout the country‘‘
- Mission Report: Visit of Major General (ret.) Patrick Cammaert, Special Envoy of the Special Representative for Children & Armed Conflict, to Sri Lanka, 05-11 December 2009, http://www.un.org/children/conflict/_documents/SriLankavisitReport09.pdf/ ii.Governmt refusing to endorse application for aid: No funds to meet needs of nearly 200,000 Northern IDPs due to govt refusal to endorse
2010 action plan, Namini Wijedasa, 13 March 2010: ‗‘With nearly 200,000 people still
displaced in the North
 some living in temporary camps while others squat with host families
 international agencies are running out of money to meet urgent needs like water supply and resettlement grants, according to a report released last week. The funding crisis f 
ollows the government‘s refusal to endorse the 2010 Common
Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP), authoritative sources said. Produced annually through a collaboration of all major humanitarian assistance groups in the country (including UN agencies), the CHAP is a document listing out priority areas for donor funding along with estimates. This is usually released to the international donor community by way of consolidated or flash appeal and offers information about sectors that require injections of aid'' - http://transcurrents.com/tc/2010/03/no_funds_to_meet_needs_of_near.html
 
IV. Presidental Task Force for Northern Development has no Tamils: and refuses UN agencies access for essential work ''The nineteen person-Presidential Task Force implementing the government's "Northern Spring" program has not a single Tamil member and does no consultation with the local
communities involved or with their elected representatives, (mostly TNA)‘‘
- LLRC report, an inconvenient truth? , 5 January 2012, http://www.dailymirror.lk/opinion/15903-llrc-report-an-inconvenient-truth.html
..‗‘The military leadership continued to control the approval of humanitarian projects in
the north through its membership in the Presidential Task Force for Resettlement, Development and Security in the Northern Province (PTF). The PTF places particular restrictions on the provision of mental health care and psycho-social activities. Because of government restrictions, no comprehensive assessment has been conducted in conflict-affected areas, and there is no comprehensive data on the needs of the most vulnerable groups. No IDP profiling has been done since 2007. The government, UNHCR and the UN Office for Project Services launched a survey of protracted IDPs in 2011, but the project was abandoned in December 2012 due to obstacles placed on it by the PTF'' - Global Overview 2012: People internally displaced by conflict and violence, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, 29 April 2013, http://www.internal-displacement.org/8025708F004BE3B1/(httpInfoFiles)/DB8A259305B071A8C1257B5C00268DDC/$file/global-overview-2012.pdf V. No economic development without political solution which the international community can acieve through the UN: On 19 February 2013, Overseas Development Institute launched the book, ''Horizontal Inequalities as a cause of conflict: findings and policy conclusions'' (edited by Prof Frances), During one Q&A period, Prof France said: Aid is complicit in worsening horizontal inequalities: aid over many years, not just during a critical period, in countries like Ruwanda, Burundi and Sri Lanka has supported one group rather than another: partly because donors tend to work with the govt and the govt wants to support one group rather than another and partly because this is not an issue built into the donor's consciousness and they are not worried about this and they just go with the government. Permanent political inequality leads to violence Donors concentrate on socio-economics and little on political inequality, and what the international community can do for the deeply distressing situation in Sri Lanka is to act through the UN'' - http://www.odi.org.uk/events/3131-horizontal-inequalities-as-cause-conflict-findings-policy-conclusions ''SriLanka has severe social and economic Inequalities'' - A Typology of Post-Conflict Environments, Graham Brown, Arnim Langer & Frances Stewart, September 2011, http://soc.kuleuven.be/web/files/12/80/wp01.pdf VI.Many UN Special Procedures mandate holders have been waiting for years for invitation to enter Sri Lanka:
i.‘‘These independent experts serve as the eyes and ears of the UN human rights
system. This book provides concrete evidence of why the system works and ways it can be impr
oved‘‘
- Catalysts for Change: How the UN's Independent Experts Promote Human Rights, 13 July 2012, http://www.brookings.edu/research/books/2012/catalystsforchange
ii. ‗‘There are currently eight outstanding requests to visit Sri Lanka by special
procedures mandate holders: on minority issues; freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; freedom of opinion and expression; extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; enforced or involuntary disappearances; human rights defenders;

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