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How to Change the Relative Inclination in a Triple-star System

How to Change the Relative Inclination in a Triple-star System

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Published by Staffan Söderhjelm
Presentation at a conference in Turku 2005, honoring M. Valtonen on his 60:th birthday.
Presentation at a conference in Turku 2005, honoring M. Valtonen on his 60:th birthday.

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Published by: Staffan Söderhjelm on Nov 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/07/2009

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How to change the relativeHow to change the relativeinclination in a triple-star systeminclination in a triple-star system
Naive numerical experiments with tidalNaive numerical experiments with tidaldissipationdissipation
Staffan Söderhjelm, Lund ObservatoryStaffan Söderhjelm, Lund Observatory
Turku Few-body workshop, July 2005Turku Few-body workshop, July 2005
 
 
OverviewOverview
Algol 90 deg problemAlgol 90 deg problem
 j-change in hierarchical triple star systems j-change in hierarchical triple star systems
Primordial Algol with and without Kozai-Primordial Algol with and without Kozai-cycles (varying the apsidal motion k(2))cycles (varying the apsidal motion k(2))
Tidal dissipation+Kozai-cycles shrinksTidal dissipation+Kozai-cycles shrinksclose orbit and changes jclose orbit and changes j
No explanation for 90 deg j, but simpleNo explanation for 90 deg j, but simpletheory works in other casestheory works in other cases
 
 
Original inspiration, AlgolOriginal inspiration, Algol
Söderhjelm(1975): orbits co-planar becauseSöderhjelm(1975): orbits co-planar becauseobserved inclination-changes small (90 deg-caseobserved inclination-changes small (90 deg-casedeemed implausible)deemed implausible)
Lestrade et al(1993): orbits really at about 90Lestrade et al(1993): orbits really at about 90((±10) deg±10) degrelative inclinationrelative inclination
From the unchanging eclipse depths, j=90From the unchanging eclipse depths, j=90±±3 deg3 deg(d(dΩΩ/dt/dt~ cos j)~ cos j)
Is there some mechanism favouring exactly 90Is there some mechanism favouring exactly 90degrees??degrees??

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