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CBCP Monitor Vol. 18 No. 9

CBCP Monitor Vol. 18 No. 9

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Protagonist of Truth, Promoter of Peace
Protagonist of Truth, Promoter of Peace

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 Vol. 18 No. 9
 April 28 - May 11, 2014
Php 20.
00
VATICAN CITY, April 28, 2014—The newly-canonized John Paul II and John XXIII have drawn praise for spark-ing discussion within the Church on mod-ern women and paving the way for what Pope Francis is addressing now.On St. John Paul II’s contribution to the di-alogue, Rome-based consecrated laywoman Ana Christina Villa re-
ected that “his magis
-terium has been so rich, so deep.”
“It is informing and
will inform for years to come all the work for the dignity and vocation of women that is done in the Church but also in society,” she told CNA in an April 16 interview.Villa, a consecrated laywoman with the Marian Community of Reconciliation and head of the women’s
section for the Pontical
Council for the Laity, helped to design a new webpage for the council containing a compila-tion of the work both pontiffs have done on women ahead of their canonization.The initiative pro-motes testimonies from women around the world describing how their lives have been positively affected by the new saints. Villa noted that it was re-searching the pontifi-cate of John XXIII which initially inspired the women’s department of the council to be-gin a page completely dedicated to the saints’ efforts in developing the roles of women.
In his encyclical “Pa
-cem in Terris,” John
XXIII “wrote very beau
-
tifully” on “the growing
presence of women in the society and life,” she observed, highlighting how because the histori-cal document was re-leased during the sexual revolution of the 1960s,
“it was to be considered
a sign of the times.”During a time of
“many changes” both
culturally and in the
Church, “He was al
-ready there as a father, as a brother in Christ, illuminating from the Catholic faith these new paths that were opening in the lives of women.” John XXIII viewed the growing presence of women in all areas
of life as “a very beauti
-ful and positive thing,” however he also warned that this development
“couldn’t happen in
contradiction to the identity, the dignity and the vocation of women.”
“So he was very cau
-tious in telling women it’s great, be present but be present always as women. Be present with the particular gifts that God has given you, with the particular vocation God has given you.”These ideas, Villa con-
tinued, were “devel
-oped and deepened”
with “a lot of richness
in the large magiste-rium of John Paul II on
women.” It is “as if Pope
 John XXIII was starting to see these phenom-enons develop and with a very prophetic eye looked into the good things that were there, but also warned about the possible problems that come from those developments.”
Highlighting how it was John XXIII who rst
referred to this pres-
ence as “a sign of the
times,” Villa then drew attention to the phrase coined by John Paul II,
when he referred to “the
feminine genius.”Quoting one of the women who sent in their testimony for the
Tondo lay group feeds Quiapo homeless
LIKE what every true Christian ought to do, a Catholic lay group from Tondo gives free
“lugaw” (rice porridge) and bread every Fri
-day to hundreds of Quiapo’s homeless and beggars as their way of paying forward the
graces that Señor Nazareno has so “gener
-ously bestowed on them”.
“We know that we can only do so much. With or without us, these people and their
families will still go to sleep on an empty stomach. But it does not make any difference
to us. We are just doing what the Lord has
Homeless / A7
A3
Ugnayan
The News Supplement of Couples for Christ
B1
Homily of Pope Francis at the Canonization of Blesseds John Paul XXIII and John Paul II
   C  a   t   h  o   l   i  c   N  e  w  s   A  g  e  n  c  y
Tagle to Napoles: Tell the whole truth
By Roy Lagarde
ALLEDGED pork barrel scam mastermind Janet Lim-Napoles should return the money that she sup-posedly stole and expose all those involved in the controversy.
 This was the challenge made by Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle to Napoles who earlier expressed a desire to reveal everything she knows about the P10 billion scam.
 “Tell the truth and return what is
not theirs. It is that easy,” Tagle, the Archbishop of Manila, said.
 “Justice demands for that, isn’t
it? Let’s not make it any more com-plicated than it already is,” he said. Last Tuesday, Justice Secretary Leila de Lima said that Napoles is ready to talk about the irregularity. She, however, clarified that there was no commitment from the government for Napoles to be turned into a state witness, but they are not closing the door on such a possibility. Tagle said whether a state wit-ness or not, Napoles should tell the truth.
 “Just tell the truth! Is it a necessity
to be a state witness for one to tell the truth?” he said.
Launch pad for impeachment
 Various groups are calling on De Lima to make public a list she obtained from Napoles purportedly containing the names of people—including lawmakers—linked to
‘Seek new beginnings to pursue peace,’ laity told
MANILA Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle on Sunday exhorted the Filipino faithful to initiate a
“fresh start” in pursuing peace,
noting that Easter signals the begin-ning of a new life.
“With true peace coming from
the Risen Christ we can all start a
new life. We call on Jesus to breathe the Holy Spirit on the Filipino
people,” Tagle said.
Earthquakes, conficts, typhoons
The cardinal urged the public to
start anew “so that we may experi
-ence a fresh start in our quest for peace,” specifically mentioning the Bangsamoro autonomous re-gion, and communities ravaged by earthquakes, typhoons, and armed
conicts.“Peace is a gift of the Risen Jesus
to frail, weak and sinful disciples. Peace is an offer of mercy and rec-onciliation to those who have been unfaithful. It expresses the hope that the sinner may become whole again. It is a plea to start again,” Tagle said in his Easter message.
The fight against “corruption, unscrupulousness, human trafck
-ing, new forms of slavery, abuse of children and women, dehuman-izing destitution, and the wastage of creation” must be continued to attain genuine peace in the country, he noted.
“Missionary event”
Calling Easter a “missionary event” which transforms “timid
and fearful disciples into bold and determined missioners,” Tagle
called on the Catholic faithful “to
heed the Risen Lord who sends
us to bring His word, peace and
hope to all strata of human life and society.”In accomplishing this mission,
New saints lauded for pioneering dialogue on women
Cebu marks 450th anniversary of Sto. Niño image
CEBUANOS will celebrate a Holy
Mass today, April 28, to mark the start of a year-long celebration of
the 450th anniversary of “Kaplag” or the historic nding of the image
of Sto. Niño de Cebu.
“The rediscovery of the image
Happy celibates need happy friendships’ – Villegas to priests
LINGAYEN Dagupan Archbishop Socrates Vil-
legas on Holy Thursday
reminded members of the clergy that a key to
living a joyful celibate life is to have “happy friend
-ships,” especially with fellow priests.
“We have many very
good priests in the Church. They serve with
vigor…Healthy and
Filipino Catholics have a deep and fond devotion to the Sto. Niño, which is expressed through celebrations like Cebu’s Sinulog festival.The Church’s two newest saints were “raised to the altar” on April 27, Divine Mercy Sunday, at St. Peter’s Square in a ceremony attended by throngs of devotees to Popes John Paul II and John XXIII.
Peace / A6Truth / A6Anniversary / A7Celibates / A7Dialogue / A7
   C  a   t   h  o   l   i  c   N  e  w  s   A  g  e  n  c  y   C   B   C   P   N  e  w  s
 
   I   l   l  u  s   t  r  a   t   i  o  n   b  y   B  r  o   t   h  e  r  s   M  a   t   i  a  s
More than a million devotees pack St. Peter’s Square for the double canonization on April 27, Divine Mercy Sunday in what is said to be the largest gathering of the Catholic faithful in Rome since John Paul II’s funeral in 2005. In the Philippines, thousands of Filipinos converged at the Smart Araneta Coliseum to celebrate the historical event by watching the canonization rites via live streaming and by attending a holy mass presided over by Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle.
Pope says jealousy is devil’s work; Holy Spirit brings unity
C1
 
A2
 Vol. 18 No. 9
 April 28 - May 11, 2014
CBCP Monitor
 World News
Vatican Briefng
Papal phone calls cannot change Church doctrine, canonist assures
Marriage is indissoluble according to the doctrine of the Church and a Pope’s phone call could not change that, a canon lawyer has explained. Media speculation arose recently over an alleged phone call made by Pope Francis to a divorced and remar-ried Argentine woman. It is claimed he told her she
could receive Communion. It is simply “impossible
Pope Francis would have changed the doctrine on the indissolubility of the marriage” via a phone
call, responded Fr. Hector Franceschi, a professor of canon law and matrimony at the Pontical Uni
-
versity of the Holy Cross.
(CNA)
Vatican journalists remember John Paul II in new book
A newly published book gathers the memories of
13 journalists and communications specialists about
 John Paul II, including those of Fr. Giorgio Costan-
tino, spokesman of the Synod of Bishops. “Giovanni
Paolo II, raccontato da chi lo ha ‘raccontato’”, or
“John Paul II, as reported by those who ‘reported’
him”, edited by Angela Ambrogetti and Raffaele Iaria and published by Tau Editrice, discusses the 26-year pontificate of Bl. John Paul II, who will be canonized together with John XXIII April 27. Among the contributors are Emanuele Roncalli, Gian Franco Svidercoschi, and Fr. Costantino, who has been the Synod of Bishops’ representative since 1990.
(CNA)
Do not be ‘afraid of joy,’ Pope encourages
Pope Francis rebuked Christians who are “afraid of  joy” and “mournful,” encouraging them to remem
-
ber that Jesus Christ accompanies them. “We’re
afraid of being close to Jesus because this gives us
 joy,” he said in his homily during Easter Thursday
Mass at the Santa Marta Residence in the Vatican,
Vatican Radio reports. He said there are Christians whose lives “seem to be a perpetual funeral” and who “prefer sadness to joy.” “They move about in the shadows, not in the light of joy,” he said, compar
-ing them to nighttime animals like bats. The Pope
 joked that there are “Christian bats who prefer the
shadows to the light of the presence of the Lord.” In-stead, the Pope advised, Christians should look to
the joy of the Resurrection.
(CNA)
Pope is bringing human trafcking into public
eye, ambassador says
Pope Francis is contributing to the ght against human trafcking by making the matter a frequent
point of public discourse, says a U.S. ambassador
who specializes in the subject. Luis CdeBaca, U.S. Ambassador in the Ofce to Monitor and Combat Trafcking in Persons, shared with CNA April 12 his
impressions about the Pope Francis’ commitment
against modern day slavery. “I do see Pope Francis working to insert the issue of human trafcking in
informal comments. The idea is to institutionalize the issue as part of the normal public discourse,” the
ambassador said. He underscored that when Pope Francis “talks about freedom and mentions modern
slavery, the latter becomes the normal part of the
conversation– it is very exciting.” (CNA)
Pope apologizes for priests’ sex abuse, promises strong response
Pope Francis called April 11 for an “even stron
-ger” Catholic Church response to combat sexual
abuse, saying he felt compelled to “personally ask
forgiveness” for priests who have sexually abused
children. “The Church is aware of this damage, it
is personal, moral damage carried out by men of the Church, and we will not take one step backward with regards to how we deal with this problem, and the sanctions that must be imposed,” the Pope told the International Child Bureau in an April 11 audience at the Vatican, according to Vatican
Radio. He said the response to sex abuse has to be “even stronger” because “you cannot interfere
with children.” The International Catholic Child Bureau is a Catholic NGO dedicated to global work on behalf of children.
(CNA)
Human life sacred and inviolable, Pope
Francis afrms
At a meeting with Italy’s Pro-Life Movement, Pope Francis thanked members for their work to defend the right to life and promote the dignity of all human
beings, from conception to natural death. “Human
life is sacred and inviolable. Every civil law is based
on the recognition of the rst and fundamental right,
that of life, which is not subordinate to any condition, neither qualitative nor economic, much less ideologi-
cal,” the Roman Pontiff said March 11. “Thank you
for your witness of promoting and defending human
life from the moment of conception!”
(CNA)
Pope to priests: Look for the exit, go out into world, serve with love
A priest is called to be in the midst of his ock, pro
-tecting his people, searching for those who are lost and always serving those in need, Pope Francis told the world’s priests. If a priest wants to overcome those inevitable moments of sadness, exhaustion and boredom as well as discover his true identity, he must head for the exit sign, going outside himself to be with God and his people, he said April 17 during
the chrism Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica. He must also
be a dutiful servant who listens to people’s need and builds a church whose doors are wide open, offering refuge for sinners, a home for the homeless,
comfort for the sick and God’s word and joy for the
young, he said.
 (CNS)
Pope urges Christian communities to be ones of peace
Returning to his usual daily Mass schedule, Pope
Francis reected April 29 that our contemporary faith communities ought to reect that of the rst Christians, who were united in “heart and mind.” “They had one heart and mind,” the Pope said in his April 29 daily Mass, quoting the day’s rst reading, emphasizing that they were a “community in peace.”
Taking his launching point from the day’s passage
from the Acts of the Apostles describing how the rst Christians lived, the pontiff focused on the entire rst
week of Easter, during which the Church brings light
to our “rebirth from on high.”
(CNA)
 Archbishop Chaput: Pope Francis brings fresh exhilaration to the Church
NEW YORK CITY, N.Y.,
April 25, 2014—Archbishop Charles J. Chaput of Phila-
delphia reected that Pope Francis in the rst year of his papacy has shown “a
deep sense of the continuity of the Church” while also
being “something differ
-
ent” and “a surprise.”“He’s a surprise; disarm
-ing, improbable, the kind of man no one could have predicted—a surprise that keeps unfolding into more surprises,” Archbishop Chaput said April 25.
“There’s something
stunning about a Pope
who—for the rst time in
history—takes the icon of Christian simplicity and poverty as his namesake, and then tries to live like he means it.”The archbishop said
there is “something exhila
-rating” about a Pope who worries about Christians
whose lives “seem like Lent
without Easter” and who warns against those who evangelize with a funeral appearance.Archbishop Chaput spoke about Pope Francis, the Pope’s namesake St. Francis of Assisi, and the canonization of Popes John Paul II and John XXIII in his keynote address to a confer-ence on St. Francis of Assisi
and the Western Tradition,
hosted by the Catholic Cen-ter at New York University.The archbishop sug-gested that Pope Francis
is so popular “because he
embodies what the world imagines St. Francis was like: a mendicant and trou-
badour, not a judge and not
a scholar.” Though Pope
Francis has “a sophisticated mind,” the world nds him appealing in his “seren
-ity and informality,” his
“passionate embrace of the
poor and the outcast,” and
his “studied avoidance of
condemning anyone.”
“Who is Francis, this
Pope?” Archbishop Chaput
asked. “The short answer is,
I don’t know.”The archbishop expressed his belief that few people outside Pope Francis’ friends and close cowork-ers really know the Pope.
He reported that many Latin
American bishops have said the Pope now seems
“much more outgoing and
ebullient” than he was as a bishop in Argentina.Archbishop Chaput also noted the continuity of Pope Francis with his predecessors, seen in his upcoming canonizations of John Paul II and John XXIII, as well as his affec-tion for Benedict XVI that
“clearly comes from the heart.” He suggested that
Pope Francis has avoided the problems of Europe-born Popes, who have been
deeply affected by “the civil
war for Europe’s soul” that began before the Enlighten-
ment. This conict contin
-
ues today in Europe’s “de
-nial of its Christian roots”
and its “self-destroying
battles over marriage, fam-ily, sexual identity and euthanasia.”
“Europe has exhausted it
-
self,” the archbishop said. “Eu
-rope has exhausted the world.”
“Maybe a genuinely new
evangelization can never be achieved except by a new voice with a new spirit from a new world,” he
proposed. “Pope Francis is
no stranger to poverty or violence, the plague of cor-rupt politics or the cruelty
of human trafcking. But
neither is he a child of the
Old World, with its cyni
-cism and despair, its wars and its hatreds.”Instead, he said, Pope
Francis “embodies a Chris
-tian spirit older than Eu-rope’s civil war and young-er than its fatigue and loss of hope.”Archbishop Chaput has personal experience with
Pope Francis. He worked
with the future Pope in late 1997 during the Special As-sembly for America in Rome.
He found him to be “an im
-
pressive man” of “keen in
-
telligence” with a “strong
emphasis on evangeliza-
tion” and “a healthy realism
about the problems facing the Church in our hemisphere.”The archbishop said the future will reveal whether Pope Francis’ popularity can endure in the face of pastoral challenges facing Catholicism.
“How the Pope speaks
and acts over the next 20 months on matters like marriage, family and sexu-ality—issues of burning interest to the media of the developed world—will have a big impact on the way he’s treated by the press,” the archbishop said.
“In the end, Popes lead.
And leaders inevitably dis-
please somebody; some
-times a great many some-bodies. But of course the real St. Francis never turned away from a task simply be-cause it was hard.”
(CNA)
 Archibishop Charles Chaput of Philadelphia speaks at the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City on Nov. 16, 2013.
Papua New Guinea Catholics honor frst missionaries
MOUNT HAGEN, April 23, 2014—
Catholics in Papua New Guinea honored the evangelization, 80 years ago, of the remote interior of the nation’s main island by mak-ing a pilgrimage in the steps of its
rst missionaries.“After 80 years, the Catholic
faithful in the Archdiocese of
Mount Hagen felt it is time to
say thank you and to acknowl-edge all the blessings from God through the missionaries,” said Paul Petrus, a social researcher and a layman of Papua New Guinea, in an April 21 interview with CNA.Some 500 Catholics, including three priests and nine seminarians, trekked through the mountainous highlands of New Guinea from March 28 until April 13, Palm Sunday. They began in the vicinity of Madang, on the coast, and arrived
at the Mount Hagen chancery,
where they were greeted by Arch-bishop Douglas Young, who told
them, “the pilgrimage was sign
of a family walking together and sharing the Gospel, as a Church alive in Christ.”
The Wahgi Valley, in which Mount Hagen is located, was un
-
known to Westerners until aerial
reconnaissance discovered it in 1933.The following year, Divine
Word Missionaries traveled to the Highlands to evangelize its native
inhabitants. They were commis-sioned by the vicar apostolic of Eastern New Guinea, who was himself a member of the Society
of the Divine Word.Divine Word Missionaries from America and Germany—Fr. Wil
-
helm Ross, Fr. Wilhelm Tropper,
Br. Eugene Frank, Fr. Alphonse
Schafer, and Fr. Henry Aue
-
fnanger—set out from Wilya
together with 72 indigenous help-ers to evangelize New Guinea’s
Highlands, eventually branching
out and founding different mis-sions.
“The rst missionaries’ sole pur
-pose was to evangelize the people, but services such as education and health seemed necessary in order to evangelize meaningfully,” Pe-
trus reected.“Thus, schools and health
services were established, and since then it has contributed much to the development of the
region; and today about 40 per
-cent of the health and educa-
tion services in the Highlands
is provided by the Catholic Church.”Petrus recounting the walking
pilgrimage, saying the rst week was a “test of faith, and of physical
strength.”
He described the pilgrims’ suf
-fering in walking through the trop-ical rainforest and steep terrain of
the New Guinea Highlands, cross
-ing valleys to highways, some of them without proper footwear.Despite aching bodies and blis-tered feet, the pilgrims found
“spiritual strength which motivat
-ed them to continue,” Petrus said.
“Some of the pilgrims are de
-scendents of the helpers who as-
sisted the rst missionaries.”
They followed a stretch of the Chimbu river for a time, cross-ing the ridges of the Bismarck range—the highest peak of which,
Mount Wilhelm, rises to more than
14,700 feet.The pilgrims visited the memo-rials of Br. Eugene Frank at An-ganere and Fr. Carl Morschheuser
at Womatne. Both were martyred
by indigenous Papuans, in 1934 and 1935. The second week of the pilgrim-age, from Mingende to Mount
Hagen, a distance of more than 50
miles, continued on the old high-way, a route that Fr. Ross and Br. Eugene had used.Petrus described the arrival at
Mount Hagen as lled with “tears of joy” for many of the pilgrims.“It was a perfect spiritual exer
-cise to strengthen their Catholic faith during the Lenten season,”
he said of his fellow pilgrims, “and
it was a good experience to feel a pain and suffering similar to that
of the rst missionaries who 80 years ago entered the Highlands
region.”
(UCAN)
The Church in India calls for freedom of expression for all
MUMBAI, April 25, 2014—The Church in In-dia has come out in favour of the principal of a Catho-lic school in Mumbai, say-
ing that “everyone has
the right to express their opinion.”This follows a contro-versy caused by Fr Frazer Mascarenhas SJ, principal at St Xavier’s College, who
posted his reections on
India’s current election on the school’s website.Reacting to the post,
the Hindu nationalist
Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP) asked the Election
Commission to have the post deleted.In his article, the Jesuit clergyman raises ques-
tions about “what con
-stitutes human develop-ment and how it is to be achieved.”In so doing, he focused
on the Gujarat model, a
state ostensibly on a path of development free from communal tensions.Narendra Modi, the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate in this election,
has been Gujarat’s chief
minister for the past ten years, after winning three consecutive elections.
However, Fr Mascar
-enhas debunks the myth spread by Modi’s propa-ganda machine.For the priest, India has some questions to ask
itself. “Is the growth of big
business, the making of
huge prots the achieve
-ment of high production - what we seek? Or is it the quality of life for the
majority in terms of af
-fordable basic goods and services and the freedom to take forward the cul-tural aspirations of our plural social groups that make up India?
In the rst case, which corresponds to the Gujarat model, “The prospect of
an alliance of corporate capital and communal forces coming to power constitutes a real threat to the future of our secular democracy,” words that elicited the BJP’s reaction.For Card Oswald Gra-cias, archbishop of Mum-
bai, “Fr Frazer gave an ob
-
 jective analysis. An educa
-tor educates his students to examine situations in
an objective manner. It is
a shame that the issue has been politicised.”
“In a democracy every
-one has a right to state his or her opinion,” said Fr Er-rol Fernandes SJ, principal of the Commerce Section
at the same college. “This
must always be done with dignity and without any attempt to malign the name of another.”
“Fr Frazer has not im
-posed his view on any-one,” Fr Fernandes ex-
plained. “Those who have
read him are welcome to have their own point of view and even to differ.”
 (AsiaNews)
Number of Catholics on the rise in South Korea
SEOUL, April 24, 2014--The Korean Catholic Church continues to grow. In 2013, the number of faithful and priests increased, even if there are fewer religious marriages and a drop in attendance at Sunday mass. This is shown by the 2013 Catholic Church statistics, published this week by the National Bishops Conference.According to the Statistics as of December 31, 2013, the number of Catholics in Korea was 5,442,996, an
increase of 1.5% (81,627) over the last
year. This accounts for 10.4% of the total population. The total number of Catholics in Korea has slightly and consistently increased since 2003. By gender, the number of the male faith-ful was 2,250,015 and the number of the female faithful was 3,192,981, 41.3% and 58.7% respectively of the total Catholics in Korea.Of the 15 dioceses and the Mili-tary Ordinariate in Korea, the Archdiocese of Seoul was the most population with 27.1% of the total Catholics in Korea, followed by
the Diocese of Suwon (15.2%), the Archdiocese of Daegu (8.8%), and the Diocese of Incheon (8.7%). The
combined number of the faithful
in the metropolitan area (Seoul, Incheon, Uijeongbu and Suwon)
accounted for 56.1% of all the Catholics in Korea.According to the Statistics, the number of newly baptized in 2013 was 118,830, a decrease of 10% from the previous year. By gender, newly baptized men represented 63,285 and wom-en 55,545. The number of infants baptized amount-ed to 25,589.The Statistics also indicates that number of clergy in Korea in 2013 amounted to 4,901 with 36 bishops, includ-ing two Cardi-nals. There were 4,695 Korean priests and 170 foreign priests. Among the priests, 3,995 were di-ocesan priests, 697 were religious priests and 173 were missionary priests. 117 priests were newly or-dained in 2013, an increase of 2.6% from the previous year.
(UCAN)
Nuns walk on a popular shopping street in Seoul
   M   i  c   h  e   l   l  e   B  a  u  m  a  n   /   C   N   A   C  a   t   h  o   l   i  c   N  e  w  s   A  g  e  n  c  y   /   F  a   t   h  e  r   G   i  o  r  g   i  o   L   i  c   i  n   i   A   F   P   P   h  o   t  o   /   E   d   J  o  n  e  s
 
A3
 Vol. 18 No. 9
 April 28 - May 11, 2014
CBCP Monitor
News Features
Pope says jealousy is devil’s work; Holy Spirit brings unity 
VATICAN CITY (CNS)
-- Beware of the devil,
who wants a jealous, pow
-er-hungry and divided church, Pope Francis said.
Be open to the Holy Spir
-it, who brings unity and harmony, and who pushes people to focus fully on Christ, the pope said April 29 during his homily at Mass in the Domus Sanctae Marthae, where he lives.The pope’s morning homily reflected on the day’s reading from the Acts
of the Apostles (4:32-37),
which describes the early Christian community as being made up of believers
who were “of one heart and mind,” who “bore wit
-ness to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus,” and who
distributed their assets “to
each according to need.”Pope Francis said the passage describes what every Christian community -- including parishes and dioceses -- should model
and aspire to: “peace, wit
-ness, poverty and taking care of the poor.”A community of peace, forgiveness and harmony
means “there’s no place for gossip, jealousy, back-
stabbing and slander,” he said, according to a report by Vatican Radio.To see how a community measures up to what Christ wants, look at how its mem-
bers behave, he said. “Are
they meek, humble? Are there battles among them over power? Jealous argu-ments? Is there gossip? They are not on the road of  Jesus Christ,” he said.A peaceful, harmonious
community is “very, very important,” he said, “be
-cause the devil is always
trying to divide us. He is
the father of division.”The second important characteristic of a Christian community is its dedication to giving witness to the risen Christ, he said.
“Does this parish, this
community, this diocese re-ally believe that Jesus Christ is risen?” or do people only believe it with their head and
not their heart? he asked. “To
give witness that Jesus is liv-ing, he is among us -- this is the way you can verify how a community is doing.”The third aspect of a Christian community is
its members’ “poverty of
spirit” -- that they put their trust in God and not riches and power, he said.This is what Jesus meant when he told Nicodemus
that “you must be born
from above” and born of
the Holy Spirit, the pope
said.
When it comes to peace,
witness and a concern for
the poor, “the only one who
can do this is the Spirit. This is the work of the Spirit,” he said.
The Holy Spirit creates unity, “the Spirit pushes us
to give witness,” the pope
said. “The Spirit makes
you poor because he is the richness and he makes it so you care for the poor.”
 (Carol Glatz/Catholic  News Service)
Pope Francis attended a Mass of thanksgiving for the canonization St. Jose de Anchieta at St. Ignatius of Loyola Church in Rome, April 24, 2014.
Top 10 most interesting popes who have been declared saints
VATICAN, April 26,
2014 (CNS) — From St.
Peter to Pope Francis, there have been 266
popes; 78 of them are
recognized as saints, and that number will
 jump to 80 after the
April 27 canonizations of Blesseds John XXIII and John Paul II.The earliest popes were martyred for their faith, which the Catho-lic Church takes as a clear sign of holiness. Once the persecution of the church ended, the clusters of pope’s names with the title
“saint” before them got
thinner.Over the past 701 years, and as of April 27, only four popes will have been declared saints.
Here’s a quick look
at some of the top 10 most interesting of the earliest popes who are saints:1. St. Peter, who was
rst named Simon, was the rst to refer to Jesus
as Christ, the Son of the
living God. His special
stature in the Gospels
to “feed the sheep” of
Christ helped form his mission to proclaim, protect and nourish the
faith. He is also consid
-
ered the rst pope. Early
tradition says he was
crucied at the foot of Vatican Hill in the mid-
60s during the reign of Emperor Nero, martyred because of his Christian
faith and preaching. His
tomb is believed to have been found under St. Peter’s Basilica.2. St. Soter was Bishop of Rome from around 167 A.D. to his death about seven years later. It’s believed St. Soter formally introduced the annual celebration of Easter in Rome.3. St. Fabian was
pope 236-250. He is
famous for the miracu-lous nature of his elec-tion, in which a dove is said to have descended on his head to mark
him as the Holy Spirit’s
unexpected choice to become the next pope.4. St. Damasus was born in Rome and served as pope 366-384.
His papacy coincided
with the establishment of Christianity as the
ofcial religion of the
Roman Empire in 380, and he was a staunch advocate of the primacy of the bishop of Rome as being the direct suc-
cessor of Peter. He is
said to have established Latin as the standard liturgical language in Rome.5. St. Leo the Great was born with the name Leo, which he kept as pope. Serving as pope
440-461, he was the rst pope to be called “the
great” and is a doc-
tor of the church. He conrmed the church’s
position on the incarna-tion of Christ — that Christ was both divine
and human. He is best
known for having met
Attila the Hun in 452
and persuading him to turn back from his inva-sion of Italy.6. St. Gregory the Great was pope 590-604 and was the second pope to be referred to
as “the Great,” after Leo. He was related
to two popes, and his mother and two aunts were also canonized, leading him to be con-
sidered “a saint among saints.” He had been a
monk and did not want to serve as pope upon
his election. He often
lamented his new du-ties as pontiff as having
to “bear with secular
business” and no longer being part of the peace-ful and contemplative life of the monastery. Nonetheless, he put great emphasis on sim-plicity and charity and donated food to Rome’s poor as well as invited poor people to eat with him each day.7. St. Nicholas I the Great was pope 858-
867. He was the third
and last pope to receive
the title of “great.” He
worked to strengthen papal authority and denied anyone had the right to depose a bishop without papal
authority. He staunchly
upheld marriage laws and urged bishops of their duty to excommu-nicate a royal Catholic who left her spouse for
another. He did sup
-port freedom to marry and did not endorse some bishops when they excommunicated another royal for mar-rying without her fa-ther’s consent.8. St. Gregory VII was
pope 1073-1085. He en
-acted many reforms such as reversing centu-ries of civil control over church affairs and giv-ing the pope of Rome full sovereignty over all church affairs in the
West. He promoted a
more saintly episcopacy and priesthood and fought against simony, the buying and selling
of church office. He
introduced the legisla-tion that locked in the observance of celibacy, despite frequent de-
bates over the issue. He
decreed the Roman rite for all of Europe and es-tablished Nov. 1 as All
Saints’ Day. He lifted
the excommunication
of Emperor Henry IV in
1077 after the emperor
 Anna Gulak’s drawings of Saint John Paul II and Saint John XXIII, two of the most recent popes to be canonized
did public penance of walking barefoot in the snow.9. St. Celestine V was a Benedictine monk and hermit who resigned
from the papacy just a
few months after his election in 1294 because he wanted to return to his humble monastic
life. He issued a papal
bull articulating the ability of a pope to re-sign and establishing rules for an abdication. Pope Benedict XVI, the next pope in history who would voluntarily resign in 2013, placed the pallium he received when he was elected in 2005 on the saint’s tomb in L’Aquila, Italy, in 2009 and left it there as a gift.10. St. Pius X was elected pope in 1903 and served until his
death in 1914. He pro
-moted greater piety among the faithful, en-couraged the frequent reception of the sacra-ments of penance and the Eucharist, and in-sisted on proper deco-rum during the celebra-
tion of the Mass. He
highlighted the beauty and appropriateness of Gregorian chant, cau-tioned against using popular musical styles and encouraged efforts to ensure that the faith-ful could participate actively in the Mass
by singing. He reorga
-nized the Roman Curia and established a con-gregation of cardinals to codify Canon Law.
He embraced scientic
inquiry and designed
sundials. However,
when given the first papal car in 1909 by then-Archbishop John M. Farley of New York, the pope never used it, sticking with his horse and landau carriage.
(Emily Antenucci)
John Paul II’s “least known” visit to the Philippines
PARAÑAQUE City, April 25, 2014—The National Shrine of
Our Mother of Perpetual Help,
better known as Baclaran Shrine, proudly displays on its façade a plaque commemorating the two visits there of the late pontiff and now soon-to-be saint Blessed John
Paul II, the rst of which being his “least known” visit to the country.“Be ready to intercede with
every form of help for each hu-man heart and all the peoples… especially for those who have heavy ordeals in life due to suf-fering, poverty and every form of
afictions… Mother of Perpetual Help, accept this humble offering and place it in the Heart of Your
Son,” reads the plaque quoting  John Paul’s prayer to the shrine patroness in 1981 during a visit
there to address the “Women Re
-ligious of the Philippines”.
Not twice, but thrice
The Polish pope, the rst non-
Italian to have sat upon the See of St. Peter in over four centuries since Dutchman Adrian VI, vis-ited the country thrice.The first visit, an unofficial one and the least familiar, was a brief stopover when he was still Kraków Archbishop Karol Józef
Cardinal Wojtyla on February 1973, ve years before he became
the Bishop of Rome and 263rd suc-
cessor to St. Peter, the rst pope.
Philippines-based Swedish foreign correspondent Christer Nyblom, who was with the then
Cardinal Wojtyla, shared that the
visit hardly made noise.
The Swedish journalist, who had known Wojtyla when he was
still assigned to the Roman beat, shared that the cardinal, knowing he would not be here for long,
took the rst cab he saw at the
airport and asked the driver to the take him to the nearest church.The nearest church happened to be that of Baclaran, a Marian shrine, where he celebrated mass, thanks to the Redemptorist fathers.It was on February 1973, the plaque says.
“He was unknown to Filipinos
at that time which explains why local media did not think him worthy of their coverage and time.
His name did not ring any bell…
As far as the Philippines was
concerned, Cardinal Wojtyla did
not exist,” Nyblom said.Although already a highly-re-spected cardinal and theologian at
the time because of his “impressive
track” record in the Second Vati-can Council, Nyblom explained,
Wojtyla’s fame was limited only to
those with an insider’s knowledge of Vatican affairs.
Largest papal crowd
“This was a blunder on the
part of Catholic Filipinos. At any rate, who would have thought he would become Pope a few years
later, in 1978? Had they realized
they were already harboring
right in their backyard a “Pope-
in-the-making,” I am very sure they would have welcomed him differently,” he explained.Millions of Filipinos welcomed Pope John Paul II during his 1995 visit to Manila with such warmth and affection.
And the Filipinos did!As if to make up for the “hon
-est mistake” of 1973, millions of Filipinos—men, women and chil-dren, young and old—trooped to the old Manila International Air-
port twice and accorded Wojtyla,
now renamed Pope John Paul II, the warmest and biggest welcome a God-loving nation could ever possibly give the Vicar of Christ.
The rst was in 1981 during a
pastoral visit whose highlights included a tour of the country and the canonization of St. Lorenzo
Ruiz (the rst canonization rites held outside Vatican grounds),
and more notably in 1995 during
the “World Youth Day” celebra
-tion in Manila, which was at-
tended by between four and ve
million people.According to record book Gui-
ness, it is by far the “largest papal
crowd” assembled in a single venue.But what the plaque fails to mention is John Paul’s humanity.
“He was fond of Filipino beer,” Nyblom said of the pope. “During
his 1973 stopover in Baclaran, he would always request a bottle of pale pilsen.”
 (Raymond A. Sebastián)
Canonization live stream sparks WYD ’95 throwback
QUEZON City, April 28, 2014—In what be-
came a “World Youth Day” (WYD) throw
-back, thousands of Filipinos thronged the SMART Araneta Coli-seum Sunday, April 27, to witness history being made as two of the best-loved popes of modern times, John XXIII and John Paul
II, were “raised to the
honor of the altar”.
“It’s like World
Youth Day 1995 all over again,” Migs Ramirez, one of the event’s em-cees, exclaimed in Ta-galog on seeing how en-thused the audience had become for the popes’ double canonization.
“Biggest Christian
gathering”
He alluded to the
international Catholic youth event held in Ma-nila in 1995, which was presided over by Pope, now Saint, John Paul II and attended by be-
tween three to ve mil
-lion people from differ-ent parts of the world.The sheer number
of WYD attendees
prompted record book Guinness to call it the
“largest Papal audi
-ence” and others as the
“biggest Christian gath
-ering” ever. In a speech before delegates of the Interna-tional Youth Forum at the University of Santo
Tomás (UST), St. John
Paul himself referred
to it as the “Filipino
phenomenon”.
“I see that it is my
great privilege to be here, to be here and discover anew this phe-nomenon I knew be-fore, and today I know better,” he said.As one who had tak-en part in the event as a child, Ramirez also
shared how just being in
the presence of the Pope could make one tear up, adding that this is an experience shared and
conrmed by many.He also invited them to sing “Tell the World of His Love”, the WYD 1995
theme song, which they were only too happy to do.Architect of Vatican II Jesuit Communica-
tions (JesCom) execu
-tive director Fr. Em-
manuel “Nono” Alfon
-of the word Church to include not only the ordained few but all the baptized faithful…
He had also given them
greater participation in Church affairs,” Al-fonso explained in sum-mary.Thanks to technol-ogy, the gathered faith-ful at Araneta, com-posed mainly of fami-lies, couples, friends, nuns, seminarians, and the clergy, were able to watch the canonization rites at St. Peter’s un-fold via live streaming.The otherwise mostly silent crowd exploded in thunderous applause when Pope Francis pro-nounced the formula of canonization which ef-fectively made the two popes’ status as saints
ofcial.
In Latin, the pres-ent pontiff mentioned that after deliberat-ing, consulting and praying for divine as-
sistance “we declare
and define Blessed  John XXIII and John Paul II be saints and we enroll them among the saints, decreeing that they are to be venerated as such by the whole church.”A short clip on the life and legacy of St. John XXIII was shown to the audience ahead of the canonization.It highlighted his humble beginnings, his humor, his down-to-earth attitude, and his indispensable role in the promotion of world peace.That of St. John Paul II paid tribute to his pastoral work and his efforts to reach out to all, including non-Cath-olics, and to a papacy that defended life and the dignity of labor.The event called
“Shepherds, Servants &
Saints” was organized by Church-run media group Jesuit Commu-
nications (JesCom) with
the help of the J. Amado Araneta Foundation and satellite television provider Cignal.It concluded with a
 joint singing of “Tell the World of His Love”, the WYD 1995 theme
song.
 (Raymond A. Sebastián)
 so, SJ pointed out that while not as familiar to Filipinos as St. John Paul II had been, St.  John XXIII’s brief but
colorful ponticate rev
-olutionized the Church in ways that continue to affect the lives of billions of Catholics to this day.
“St. John XXIII made
the mass more acces-sible to the laity when he allowed use of the vernacular in place of the traditional Latin…
He redefined the idea
The canonization rites of popes John XXIII and John Paul II on April 27 were broadcast from St. Peter’s
Square via live streaming to benet millions of the
faithful who were unable to come to Rome for the event.
   C  a   t   h  o   l   i  c   N  e  w  s   A  g  e  n  c  y   C  a   t   h  o   l   i  c   N  e  w  s   A  g  e  n  c  y   C   B   C   P   N  e  w  s

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