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Networking

Networking

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Published by aamir
networking man lan wan
networking man lan wan

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Published by: aamir on Nov 05, 2009
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11/12/2010

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SYSTEM ESSENTIALS
AN ASSIGENMENT ON:-
1.BASIC OF NETWORKING2.INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK TYPES3.INTERNET AND INTRANET
SUBMITTED TO:
SUBMITTED BY:Prof. Sanjana Adlakha
 
Networking Basics:-
In the world of computers, networking is the practice of linking two or more computingdevices together for the purpose of sharing data. Networks are built with a mix of computer hardware and computer software.
Area networking:-
One way to categorize the different types of computer network designs isby their scope or scale. For historical reasons, the networking industryrefers to nearly every type of design as some kind of 
area network 
.Common examples of area network types are:
LAN - Local Area Network
WAN - Wide Area Network
WLAN - Wireless Local Area Network
SAN - Storage Area Network, System Area Network, Server AreaNetwork, or sometimes Small Area Network
MAN - Metropolitan Area Network
What is Networking?
Networking is the practice of linking computing devices together withhardware and software that supports data communications across thesedevices.
Network Design:-
Computer networks also differ in their design. The two types of high-level network designare calledclient-server andpeer-to-peer.Client-server networks feature centralized server  computers that store email, Web pages, files and or applications. On a peer-to-peer network,conversely, all computers tend to support the same functions. Client-server networks aremuch more common in business and peer-to-peer networks much more common in homes.
 
Anetwork topologyrepresents its layout or structure from the point of view of data flow. Inso-called busnetworks, for example, all of the computers share and communicate across onecommon conduit, whereas in astar network, all data flows through one centralized device.Common types of network topologies include bus, star,ringandmesh.
 
Network Protocols:-
In networking, the communication language used by computer devices is called the protocol.Yet another way to classify computer networks is by the set of protocols they support. Networks often implement multiple protocols to support specific applications. Popular  protocols includeTCP/IP, the most common protocol found on the Internet and in homenetworks.
Network protocols include mechanisms for devices to identify and makeconnections with each other, as well as formatting rules that specify howdata is packaged into messages sent and received. Some protocols alsosupport message acknowledgement and data compression designed forreliable and/or high-performance network communication. Hundreds of different computer network protocols have been developed each designedfor specific purposes and environments.

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