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14-1167 #213

14-1167 #213

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc 213 - McQuigg 4th Circuit Reply Brief in Virginia marriage case
Doc 213 - McQuigg 4th Circuit Reply Brief in Virginia marriage case

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Published by: Equality Case Files on Apr 30, 2014
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05/12/2014

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Case Nos. 14-1167(L), 14-1169, 14-1173 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
 
TIMOTHY B. BOSTIC
, et al.,
Plaintiffs-Appellees
, and
CHRISTY BERGHOFF, JOANNE HARRIS, JESSICA DUFF, AND VICTORIA KIDD,
 on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated,
 Intervenors
,
 
v.
GEORGE E. SCHAEFER, III
, in his official capacity as the Clerk of Court for Norfolk Circuit Court,
 Defendant-Appellant 
,
 
and
JANET M. RAINEY
, in her official capacity as State Registrar of Vital Records,
 Defendant-Appellant 
, and
MICHÈLE B. MCQUIGG
, in her official capacity as Prince William County Clerk of Circuit Court,
 Intervenor/Defendant-Appellant 
. On appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia,  Norfolk Division, Case No. 2:13-cv-00395-AWA-LRL The Honorable Arenda L. Wright Allen
 
APPELLANT MCQUIGG’S REPLY BRIEF
Byron J. Babione Kenneth J. Connelly J. Caleb Dalton Alliance Defending Freedom 15100 N. 90th Street Scottsdale, AZ 85260 (480) 444-0020 (t); (480) 444-0028 (f)  bbabione@alliancedefendingfreedom.org David Austin R. Nimocks Alliance Defending Freedom 801 G Street N.W., Suite 509 Washington, D.C. 20001 (202) 393-8690 (t); (480) 444-0028 (f) animocks@alliancedefendingfreedom.org
 Attorneys for Michèle B. McQuigg
Appeal: 14-1173 Doc: 209 Filed: 04/30/2014 Pg: 1 of 42
Appeal: 14-1167 Doc: 21
3
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................... iii
 
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1
 
ARGUMENT ............................................................................................................. 2
 
I.
 
 Baker 
 Forecloses Plaintiffs’ Claims ................................................................ 2
 
II.
 
The Fourteenth Amendment Does Not Forbid the Domestic-Relations Policy Reflected in Virginia’s Marriage Laws ................................................ 3
 
A.
 
The Public Purpose of the Gendered-Marriage Institution Is to Channel the Presumptive Procreative Potential of Man-Woman Couples into Committed Unions ........................................................... 3
 
B.
 
Virginia’s Marriage Laws Satisfy Rational-Basis Review ................... 7
 
C.
 
Redefining Marriage Presents a Substantial Risk of Negatively Affecting Children and Society ........................................................... 11
 
D.
 
Plaintiffs Have Not Shown That Heightened Scrutiny Applies .......... 13
 
1.
 
Heightened Scrutiny is Not Called for by
 Romer 
,
 Lawrence
, or
Windsor 
, and None of These Cases Compels the Conclusion that Virginia’s Marriage Laws are Unconstitutional .................................................................. 13
 
2.
 
Plaintiffs’ Claims Do Not Implicate a Fundamental Right ...... 17
 
3.
 
The Marriage Amendment Does Not Impermissibly Discriminate on the Basis of Sex .............................................. 20
 
4.
 
Binding Circuit Precedent Establishes that Sexual-Orientation-Based Equal-Protection Claims Do Not Warrant Heightened Scrutiny ................................................... 22
 
5.
 
 Neither the Purpose Nor Effect of Virginia’s Marriage Laws Requires Heightened Scrutiny ......................................... 26
 
CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 31
 
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE ....................................................................... 32
 
Appeal: 14-1173 Doc: 209 Filed: 04/30/2014 Pg: 2 of 42
 
ii CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE ................................................................................ 33
 
Appeal: 14-1173 Doc: 209 Filed: 04/30/2014 Pg: 3 of 42

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