Although Khadijah was of the Quraysh tribe, she nonetheless had already espoused the Hanif tradition (the belief in the One and Only God of Abraham). Muhammad was very much
influenced by Khadijah’s Hanif background. She also closely associated with her Christian
ally her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza –
as well as
by the extremely important and pervasive ‘Jewish’ presence in that part of Arabia.
Since he was surrounded by monotheistic (Jewish, Christian and Hanif) influences, he was inspired to create a scripture for his Pagan Arab tribes similar to that of the People of the Book. His admiration for these Scriptures knows no bounds as reflected very clearly in numerous verses of the Quran. The fact that the Quran is replete with references to the Bible and Rabbinic literature is a singularly important testament to the great influence that the Jews had on the mind of Muhammad. His primary intention at the beginning of his own perceived mission was to lead his Pagan Arabs into the light of the One and Only God of Abraham. He must have been in contact with both Jews and Christians
in Mecca, Madina and travels
learning from their Scriptures and/or reading some of them. The Hadith alludes in some pages to the fact that he was literate (Bukhari 1:114; 3:863) as well as two verses in the Quran to this effect (S25:4/5). Moreover and after all, how could he have been trading business on behalf of his wife, being able to sign contracts and count, if he were illiterate? It is not unreasonable to conjecture that his repeated attendance at the cave of al Hira during the unrecorded period of fifteen years between his marriage to Khdijah till his first
‘revelation’, invariably alone –
without his wife or friends
may have been the venue where and when he studied, contemplated and formulated his ideas or even being taught by some learned person in the Scripture of the People of the Book.
It is vital to point out yet once more, that his ‘inspirational’ period started fourteen years after
he had married the monotheist (Hanif) Khadijah and not before. Muhammad, after all, did not discover the concept of monotheism all by himself; on the
contrary, it was the unique concept of monotheism that inspired Muhammad. Khadijah’s
Hanif impact must have been enormous as reflected by the supreme importance that Muhammad and his Quran place upon Abraham and his progeny. In fact, one of the most revealing and significant verses in the Quran in this regard is 10: 94:
“If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto the
e then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee; the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord; so be
in no wise of those in doubt.”
In the beginning, his mind was focused only on his Pagan Arabs. It was his wife Khadijah who supported and encouraged his belief of being the messenger of Allah. Very few authors make clear that, without her financial, moral and spiritual support, Muhammad would not have succeeded in his endeavours. Khadijah was actually the most important factor in allowing him to create his version of Islam.
After the first ‘revelations’ and his ability to convince others close to him of his ‘divine’
mission, he realized that he had an almost infallible tool at his disposal: he would create an Aya/Verse to justify every e
vent or deed and attribute it to Allah’s angel Gabriel. He was
after all, addressing the mostly superstitious, unlearned, illiterate and gullible pagan Arabs.