Meanwhile, as a resul o declines in democraic setings over he pas several years, he share o he world’s populaion ha enjoys a Free press remained a percen, meaning only one in s
people live in counries where coverage o poliical news is robus, he saey o journaliss is guaraneed, sae inrusion in media aairs is minimal, and he press is no subjec o onerous legal or economic pressures.These are he mos signiﬁcan ﬁndings o
Freedom of he Press : A Global Survey of Media Indepen-dence
, he laes ediion o an annual repor published by Freedom House since . While here were posiive developmens in a number o counries, mos noably in sub-Saharan Arica, he dominan rends were reﬂeced in sebacks in a range o setings. The year’s declines were driven by he desire o governmens—paricularly in auhoriarian saes or polarized poliical environmens—o conrol news conen, wheher hrough he physical harassmen o journaliss covering proes movemens or oh-er sensiive news sories; resricions on oreign reporers; or ighened consrains on online news oules and social media. In addiion, press reedom in a number o counries was hreaened by privae owners—especially hose wih close connecions o governmens or ruling paries—who alered ediorial lines or dismissed key saﬀ afer acquiring previously independen oules.These acors were behind he majoriy o he saus downgrades or , including he shifs rom Parly Free o No Free in Libya, Souh Sudan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Zambia. Signiﬁcan declines also occurred in he Cenral Arican Republic, Egyp, Greece, Jordan, Kenya, Monenegro, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda.Separaely, inﬂuenial auhoriarian powers such as China and Russia coninued o mainain a igh grip on locally based prin and broadcas media, while also atemping o conrol he more independen views provided eiher in he blogosphere or by oreign news sources. Boh counries inroduced addiional legal measures o penalize online speech in . And while China ocused on suppressing dissen on popu-lar microblogging services and obsrucing he oreign
Press Freedom in : Media Freedom His Decade Low
by Karin Deusch Karlekar and Jennier Dunham
Global press reedom ell o is lowes level in over a decade in , as hopes raised by he Arab Spring were urher dashed by major regression in Egyp, Libya, and Jordan, and marked sebacks also occurred in Turkey, Ukraine, and a number o counries in Eas Arica. In anoher key developmen, media reedom in he Unied Saes deerioraed due primarily o atemps by he governmen o inhibi reporing on naional securiy issues.
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS 2014