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Published by Aristegui Noticias

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Published by: Aristegui Noticias on May 01, 2014
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Media Freedom His Decade Low
Freedom of the Press 2014
 was made possible by he generous suppor of he Leon Levy Foundaion, he Jyllands-Posen Foundaion, and he Hurford Foundaion. Freedom House also graefully acknowledges he conribuions of Free Press Unlimied, he Lilly Endowmen, and he Schloss Family Foundaion.
Press Freedom in 2013:
Media Freedom His Decade Low
Key Reasons for Decline 2The Global Picure in 2013 4Wors of he Wors 4
Regional Findings
7Americas 7Asia-Pacific 8Eurasia 10Europe11Middle Eas and Norh Africa 13Sub-Saharan Africa 16
Placing he Findings in Conex
Meanwhile, as a resul o declines in democraic setings over he pas several years, he share o he world’s populaion ha enjoys a Free press remained a 󰀱󰀴 percen, meaning only one in s
 people live in counries where coverage o poliical news is robus, he saey o journaliss is guaraneed, sae inrusion in media aairs is minimal, and he press is no subjec o onerous legal or economic pressures.These are he mos significan findings o
Freedom of he Press 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀴: A Global Survey of Media Indepen-dence
, he laes ediion o an annual repor published by Freedom House since 󰀱󰀹󰀸󰀰. While here were posiive developmens in a number o counries, mos noably in sub-Saharan Arica, he dominan rends were refleced in sebacks in a range o setings. The year’s declines were driven by he desire o governmens—paricularly in auhoriarian saes or polarized poliical environmens—o conrol news conen, wheher hrough he physical harassmen o journaliss covering proes movemens or oh-er sensiive news sories; resricions on oreign reporers; or ighened consrains on online news oules and social media. In addiion, press reedom in a number o counries was hreaened by privae owners—especially hose wih close connecions o governmens or ruling paries—who alered ediorial lines or dismissed key saff afer acquiring previously independen oules.These acors were behind he majoriy o he saus downgrades or 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳, including he shifs rom Parly Free o No Free in Libya, Souh Sudan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Zambia. Significan declines also occurred in he Cenral Arican Republic, Egyp, Greece, Jordan, Kenya, Monenegro, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda.Separaely, influenial auhoriarian powers such as China and Russia coninued o mainain a igh grip on locally based prin and broadcas media, while also atemping o conrol he more independen views provided eiher in he blogosphere or by oreign news sources. Boh counries inroduced addiional legal measures o penalize online speech in 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳. And while China ocused on suppressing dissen on popu-lar microblogging services and obsrucing he oreign
Press Freedom in 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳: Media Freedom His Decade Low
by Karin Deusch Karlekar and Jennier Dunham
Global press reedom ell o is lowes level in over a decade in 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳, as hopes raised by he Arab Spring were urher dashed by major regression in Egyp, Libya, and Jordan, and marked sebacks also occurred in Turkey, Ukraine, and a number o counries in Eas Arica. In anoher key developmen, media reedom in he Unied Saes deerioraed due primarily o atemps by he governmen o inhibi reporing on naional securiy issues.

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