Secondary pulmonary lobule
Terminal bronchiolePulmonary arterySeptaPulmonary veinSecondary pulmonary lobule
1 - 2.5 cm
A quick review of anatomy. One of the buildingblocks of the lung is the secondary pulmonarylobule. Lobules are relatively large: 1 to 2.5 cm, thesize of a good thumbprint. The lobule is fed by aterminal bronchiole and artery, the periphery ispartly septated. In between are the primary lobulesfed by respiratory bronchioles where gas exchangetakes place. Radiographically we can identify thelargest of the arteries and airways and the septa.Veins run in the septa. There are 2 lymphaticsystems, an axial system travels downs the arteriesand airways, terminating at the terminal bronchiolesand a peripheral system that travels along the septaand veins. The yellow and gray rings are thecentriacinar portion of the lobule.