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Thuc Quyen Nguyen US China2009

Thuc Quyen Nguyen US China2009

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Plastic Solar Cells, Thuc Quyen Nguyen, US-China Workshop 2009, http://materialsworldnetwork.org
Plastic Solar Cells, Thuc Quyen Nguyen, US-China Workshop 2009, http://materialsworldnetwork.org

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Materials Research Institute on Nov 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/21/2013

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Plastic Solar Cells
Thuc-QuyenNguyen
Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryCenter for Polymers and Organic Solids (CPOS)University of California, Santa Barbara
Exciton
1) Light absorption
create the excitedstate named “exciton”(electron-hole pair)2) Excitondiffusion3) Charge separationor electron transfer atdonor-acceptor interfaces4) Charge transport5) Charge Collection
Bulk HeterojunctionPolymer Solar Cells
ITOAluminum
Polymer
 
(Donor)Fullerene
 
(Acceptor)
 
Organic Solar Cell FabricationChallenges
-Material Design and Synthesis:Need strategy, theory toguide synthesis, take a long time to optimize new materials,material reproducibility-Material Characterization:nanoscalemorphology of blendedmaterials, interfaces, charge generation, charge transport,charge recombination, defects, etc.-Device Physics-Degradation, Lifetime-Modeling/Calculation: materials and devices
 
Issues with Conjugated Polymers
1) Batch to batch variation-Molecular weight (MW)-Polydispersity-Chain end variation2) Impurity3) Difficult to purify4) Weak molecular packing
GuiBazan(UCSB),
Nature Chemistry 
, in press
M
n
~ 7K kg/mol
η
% ~ 1.2%M
n
~14K kg/molM
n
~ 34K kg/mol
η
% ~ 5.9%
Advantages of Molecular Donors
Molecular Donors:No batch to batch variation, easy topurify and to functionalize
S SSiEt
3
SiET
3
PCE = 1%PCE = 0.8%
SSSSSSSSSSS
OC
6
H
13
OC
6
H
13
C
6
H
13
OC
6
H
13
O
PCE = 1.1%
NSSSSSOO
PCE = 0.8%
S SSiEt
3
SiET
3
PCE = 1%PCE = 0.8%
S
 
SSSSSSSSSS
OC
6
H
13
OC
6
H
13
C
6
H
13
OC
6
H
13
O
PCE = 1.1%
NSSSSSOO
PCE = 0.8%
G. Malliaras,
Mater. Today 
2007
,
10 
, 34.

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