English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 4: FragmentsSemester 1, 2009/10 ©PolyU HKCC2
A presentation with interesting points.
A clause contains a subject and a main verb.
An independent clause is a complete sentence.
Example: Emily studied in the library
A dependent clause is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb and beginswith subordinating conjunctios like
After she had finished all her classes.
SUBJECT MAIN VERB COMPLETE BY ITSELF?MAIN CLAUSE
(Dependent - rely on theindependent clause for theirmeaning.)
A sentence fragment is an
, lacking a subject, a verb, or acomplete thought.
In the above examples, a phrase and a dependent clause are sentence fragments.
To convert a phrase into a sentence, we may need to add a subject or verb.
Example: A presentation with interesting points.
A sentence fragment Revision: She delivered a presentation with interesting points.
To change a dependent clause into a sentence, we have to complete its meaning.
Example: After she had finished all her classes.
A sentence fragment Revision: After she had finished all her classes, Emily studied in the library.