English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 6: Parallel StructuresSemester 1, 2009/10 ©PolyU HKCC
No bonus mark will be given to works completed sloppily,untidily and late.
Using phrases in parallel form:
Put phrases of the same grammatical form in a series.
Our lecturer reminded us to submit an essay outline before thedeadline and to schedule an appointment with him for essay consultation.
Writing assignments, doing group projects, and reading coursetexts are the common tasks all college students need to do.
Having participated actively in the class activities and asked the teacher for constant feedback, Jonathan was able to perform exceptionally well inthis challenging subject.
Example (prepositional phrases)
To support our argument more adequately, we had better locate other sources of references from the library and on the Internet.
Using clauses in parallel form:
Put words of the same grammatical form in a series.
Example (active voice)
Men and women speak the same language, yet theycommunicate very differently. Example (passive voice): The division of work in the College is very clear. Student enquiries are handled at the Information Kiosk; staff enquiries are dealt with inthe service counter of the General Office.
Using parallel forms with correlative conjunctions* (paired words):
Put words of thesame grammatical form in a series.
*Correlative conjunctions (paired words):
not only… but (also); either… or, both…and, neither… nor; whether… or; not…but. Example: Both mature candidates and overseas applicants are required to write awritten test.