channels of CD quality across the United States, the radio business will be transformed.
H. Regulatory Failure
The reasons of regulatory failures may arise from:
the lack of information available to the regulator about the costs, revenues and economic trade-offs facing business, government entities and individuals;
the cost of analyzing data may be prohibitive for the regulator;
changing technology and demand, which makes it difficult for the regulator and regulation to keep pace with change;
a lack of incentives for the regulator to make the right decisions, compared to those for industry;
overly stringent rules by the regulator that hamper innovation and prevent resources from being use in the most valuable way;
risk aversion; for example, the desire to eradicate rather than manage risk;
the creation of distortions; that is, the creation of incentives that result in diversion of resources to less efficient activities; and
regulatory duplication; that is, more than one scheme designed to produce the same outcome.
I. Cost and Affordability
In accordance with 4G Network cost and affordability are a number of issues to consider that reflect some degree of risk, as well as opportunity, so that these networks are successful once rolled out to the general public, and in general, 4G Networks are designed in order to create an environment that supports high-speed data transmission and increased profit margins for organizations that utilize these capabilities. Developing a successful 4G Network platform is a positive step towards the creation of a wireless and broadband environment that possesses rapid transmission speeds, data integrity modules, and other related events that encourage users to take additional risks in promoting successful utilization of these 4G tools.
J. Capabilities and Features
Even though the 4G Network platform is not brand new, many telecommunications providers have not yet developed their own alternatives that will support this network in full. 4G is intended to replace the current 3G systems within few years. The ambitious goal of IP based 4G, unlike 3G is to allow the provided connection with higher bandwidth, data rate, lower authentication overhead, and will ensure services constantly without any interruption to Internet users to access all type of services including text, databases, and multimedia. This feature makes to have incorporated infrastructure of all current networks and consequently will be easier to have access services and applications regarding the environment in South Asian. Accessing 4G networks will be possible virtually by using any wireless device such as PDAs, cell phones, and laptops.
K. Grand Challenges of Security and Privacy
The heterogeneity of these 4G wireless networks exchanging different types of complicated data to blanket very wide geographic area (considering in South Asia) with seamless service with the core addresses mobility, security, and QoS through reuse of existing mechanisms while still trying to work on some mobility and handover issues is to be safety . Therefore, it is necessary for the organization to develop an effective series of tools that support maximum 4G security measures as a means of protecting data that is transmitted across the network from hackers and other security violations. Furthermore, the encryption and decryption methods being used for 3G networks are not appropriate for 4G networks as new devices and services are introduced for the first time in 4G networks. To overcome these security and privacy issues, two approaches can be followed. The first is to modify the existing security and privacy methods so that they will be applicable to heterogeneous 4G networks. Another approach is to develop new dynamic reconfigurable, adaptive, and lightweight mechanisms whenever the currently utilized methods cannot be adapted to 4G networks.
L. Grand Challenges of Quality of Service (QoS)
With respect to network quality, many telecommunications providers are promising there will be enhanced connectivity, and the quality of data that is transmitted across the network will be of the highest possible quality, as in the case of Ericsson’s 4G Network for TeliaSonera. The main challenges to 4G networks are integrating non-IP-based and IP-based devices. It is known that devices that are not IP address based are generally used for services such as VoIP. On the other hand, devices that are IP address based are used for data delivery. 4G networks will serve both types of devices. Consequently, integrating the mechanisms of providing services to both non-IP-based as well as IP-based devices is one of key challenges 4G networks have to address.
M. BWA Market in South Asia
South Asia is not only the largest and the fastest growing broadband wireless market globally but also encompasses the broadest array of new technologies. Of all the current 337 HSPA (High Speed Packet Access) networks tracked by the GSM association (GSMA), 21 percent are in South Asia; of all the 592 WiMAX networks tracked by the WiMAX Forum, nearly 20 percent are in South Asia .
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 12, No. 3, March 201413http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ ISSN 1947-5500