Chie Executive Ofcer
Executive Vice President& General Counsel
Senior Vice President,North American Oceans & ChieScientist
Michael Hirsheld, Ph.D.
Vice President, European Oceansand Seas
Vice President, South AmericanOceans & Antarctica
Vice President, Belize
Vice President, Pacifc / SeniorAdvisor
Vice President, StrategicMarketing & Communications
Vice President, Global Development
Actress Kate Walsh views sea turtle hatch-lings on St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Photo © Tim Calver
Oceana played a key role in unveiling antibiotic abusein Chile’s troubled salmon aquaculture industry, whichthreatens to create a public health hazard in the larg-est source or armed salmon sold in the U.S. UsingChile’s Act or Access to Public Inormation, Oceanacompelled the government to release previously unpub-licized inormation about the level o antibiotic use atsalmon arms in July.As a result, the world learned that Chile uses 600 timesthe amount o antibiotics used by Norway, the onlycountry that produces more armed salmon. The antibi-otics are intended to control diseases caused and eas-ily spread by the crowded and unsanitary conditions inChilean salmon pens.
Oce ucovers tibiotic buse i ChileSe turtles protecte ro botto lolies
In July, the United States banned shing or krill in thePacic Ocean in an action that culminates years o ad-vocacy by Oceana and others, including scientists, con-servationists, shermen and local communities.No krill shing currently takes place in the U.S. Paci-ic, which extends rom three to 200 miles o the WestCoast. The new rule prevents krill shing rom occur-ring in the uture. This preventative step is crucial tomaintaining the marine ecosystem, which counts onkrill as a bedrock species.Tiny translucent creatures ound in all the world’soceans, krill orm the oundation o the marine ecosys-tem by providing critical nutrition or salmon, whales,seabirds and many other animals. These shrimp-like
Krill shi be i U.S. Pcic
crustaceans are heavily pursued by commercial shingvessels in the Southern Ocean, with more than 100,000metric tons o krill caught every year primarily to eedarmed and aquarium sh. As krill are shed out romthe Southern Ocean, the industry will be orced to moveinto previously untouched waters. Thanks to the newmeasures, krill in the U.S. Pacic will not be subject toovershing.The proactive ban on krill shing in the U.S. Pacicmirrors other Oceana initiatives to protect ecosystemsbeore the introduction o industrialized shing. In Feb-ruary, Oceana accomplished its goal o closing 150,000square miles o the U.S. Arctic Ocean to industrial sh-ing beore large boats ollow melting sea ice into newly-opened Arctic waters.In a move critical to saving threatened loggerhead seaturtles, the Gul o Mexico Fishery Management Councilapproved new restrictions on bottom longline shingo the west coast o Florida that will save hundreds osea turtles each year.The measures, i adopted by National Marine FisheriesService, would reduce the number o vessels eligible tosh with bottom longline gear by 80 percent and banbottom longline shing rom June to August in watersup to about 210 eet deep. In addition, the council alsoestablished a per-vessel limit o 1,000 hooks on boardand 750 hooks set up to sh during any shing trip. Thebottom longlines are used to catch ree sh like grouper,but also catch nearly 400 sea turtles every year on aver-age. This is approximately ten times the number o seaturtles that the shery is currently authorized to takeunder the Endangered Species Act. The vast majorityo the sea turtles caught by the bottom longlines o theshery are loggerheads, a species listed as threatenedby extinction under the Endangered Species Act. Thewestern Florida shel – where the bottom longlines arecatching loggerheads – is an important loggerhead seaturtle eeding area.Sea turtle nesting in Florida has been on a severedownward trajectory since 1998, and this year has beenone o the worst sea turtle nesting years on record. Theloggerhead population has dropped by over 40 percentin the last decade.The National Marine Fisheries Service will now con-sider the new longline regulations to determine i thenew restrictions are sucient to prevent the bottomlongline shery rom jeopardizing the uture o thisthreatened population o loggerhead sea turtles. Theederal agency can also supplement the plan with ad-ditional turtle protections.
Susan Cohn Rockeeller, ChairLea Haratani, Vice ChairAnne Alexander RowleyDr. Andrew BevacquaPierce BrosnanDeborah BuckDan and Beth CortAndrew and Sydney DavisKelsey GrammerHardy JonesJ. Stephen and Angela KilcullenLarry KopaldCarolyn Marks BlackwoodNicole PolizoisMark E. RyavecVictoria StackPeter StrangerAnnett WolNicole Woody
According to the government data, Chile used 716,355pounds o antibiotics in 2008, down rom 848,397 poundsin 2007. Approximately a third o the antibiotics werequinolones, which are not permitted or use in livestockin some countries that import Chilean salmon, includ-ing the United States. The World Health Organizationrecommends that quinolones be reserved or humanuse to preserve their ecacy.Earlier this year, Chile adopted a plan or the rationaluse and management o antibiotics in salmon arming,which included several Oceana recommendations – ex-cept or a total ban on quinolone use. Oceana continuesto campaign or a quinolone ban.