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Milk Composition II

Milk Composition II

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Published by: Mohammad Ashraf Paul on Nov 06, 2009
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09/10/2010

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Minerals:Minerals:
Although present in small quantities, exertAlthough present in small quantities, exertconsiderable influence on the physico- chemicalconsiderable influence on the physico- chemicaland nutritive profile of milk and nutritive profile of milk 
Part of the mineral salts occur in true solution,Part of the mineral salts occur in true solution,while others are in colloidal statewhile others are in colloidal state
All 22 minerals considered essential to theAll 22 minerals considered essential to thehuman diet are present in milk. These include 3human diet are present in milk. These include 3families of salt:families of salt:
1.1.
 Na,K,Cl: these free ions are negatively Na,K,Cl: these free ions are negativelycorrelated to lactose to maintain osmoticcorrelated to lactose to maintain osmoticequilibrium of milk with bloodequilibrium of milk with blood
 
 2. Ca,Mg,P(i) & citrate: This group consists of 2/32. Ca,Mg,P(i) & citrate: This group consists of 2/3Ca,1/3 Mg,1/2 P(i) and <1/10 citrate in colloidalCa,1/3 Mg,1/2 P(i) and <1/10 citrate in colloidal(non-diffusible) form & present in casein micelle.(non-diffusible) form & present in casein micelle.3. Diffusible salts of Ca,Mg, citrate & Po3. Diffusible salts of Ca,Mg, citrate & Po
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– these – thesesalts are pH dependant and contribute to overallsalts are pH dependant and contribute to overallAcid base equilibrium of milk Acid base equilibrium of milk 
 
THE MINERAL CONTENT OF FRESH MILK 
Mineral Content Per litre
Sodium (mg)350-900Potassium (mg)1100-1700Chloride (mg)900-1100Calcium (mg)1100-1300Magnesium (mg)90-140Phosphorous (mg)900-1000Zinc (ug)2000-6000Copper (ug)100-600Manganese (ug)20-50Iodine (ug)260

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