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g2g_basic_unit27grey Parts of a Sentence

g2g_basic_unit27grey Parts of a Sentence

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Published by: meriem on Nov 06, 2009
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06/15/2011

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PAGE60
SENTENCES AND QUESTIONS
Nouns,verbs,adjectives,etc.
27
   S  e  n   t  e  n  c  e  s  a  n   d  q  u  e  s   t   i  o  n  s
1
Look at this:
NOUNSVERBSADJECTIVES
Steven bought an expensive new car on Friday.He drove it carefully to Manchester.
PRONOUNSADVERBSPREPOSITIONS
2
Nouns describe things or people or animals:
 butter car woman dog problem
Some nouns (proper nouns) are the namesofpeople,places and things.We beginproper nouns with capital letters (A,B …):
Jane Paris Oxford Street Junea Rolls-Royce the Tower of London
3
Verbs describe actions or situations:
 work play live meet stay see
They 
work 
hard.
(
 work 
=
verb)
saw 
Peter.
(
saw 
=
verb)
4
We use auxiliary verbs (
 be, have, do, will,can, may, must,
etc.) before another verb:
They 
are working 
hard.
(
are
=
auxiliary)
have seen
Peter.
(
have
=
auxiliary)
must go
now.
(
must
=
auxiliary)
5
We put adjectives (e.g.
wonderful
) beforenouns:
We had a 
wonderful 
day.
We can also use adjectives after the verbs
 be,look, seem, feel
:
He’ 
s hungry 
.Sh
looks tired 
.
Sometimes we put
 very
before adjectives:
It’s 
very hot 
today.He bought a 
very expensive 
car.
6
We normally use adverbs to describe verbs:
She walked 
quickly 
.He sing
well 
.
Most adverbs end in -
ly
:
clearly slowly badly
7
We use pronouns (
I, you, he, she,
etc.) toreplace nouns:
David has a new job.
He 
is enjoying 
it 
.
8
We use prepositions (
in, on, at,
etc.) whenwe are talking about places and times:
place
:
She’s 
at home 
.
It’s 
in the box 
.
time
:
I’ll see you
on Monday 
.
They went on holiday 
in June 
.
Practice
A
Put the underlinedwords in the correct columns in the box.
noun:verb:auxiliary:adjective:adverb:pronoun:preposition:
wonderful
I had a wonderfulholiday in Spainlast year.She livesin a largeflat in New York.Peter walked quicklytowork.We metthem in Green Street onFriday.Youmustcome and visit me in Scotland.My teacher spoke slowlybut I didn’t understand her.Maryand Jackie arestudying Japanese at college.I havelost my bag.They bought a bigold housein the country.She swimsfast,and shecan ski welltoo.
 
Oxford Practice Grammar
Basic
 
PHOTOCOPIABLE

©OxfordUniversityPress
   F
  R
 E
 
f   
r  
o   
m   
  g !  
  g !  

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