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Arakan July Issue 2009

Arakan July Issue 2009

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Arakan Magazine issued by Arakan Rohingya National Org. (ARNO)

Arakan Magazine issued by Arakan Rohingya National Org. (ARNO)


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Published by: Arakan Rohingya National Org. on Nov 06, 2009
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News and Analysis of the Arakan Rohingya National Organisation, Arakan ( Burma)
Volume 1, Issue 7
JULY 2009
News and Analysis of the Arakan Rohingya National Organisation, Arakan ( Burma)
In this Issue
Editorial: “Arakan Real-ity” ARAKAN: A LANDOF TORMENT ANDBLOODSHED 3Latest Tactics of Extermi-nation 4Rohingyas are Peace-lov-ing.Yet Persecuted 6Arakan’s Relation withBengal 8From the page of HistoryBrig-Gen Aung Gyi 8
Farmers nd paddy culti
vation difcult in Maung
-daw 11A Glance at the History of Rohingya 1ARNO in Action 15
Editorial: arakan rEality”
rakan, in fact, a continuation of Chittagongplain was an independent kingdom tillBurmese occupation in 1784. The relationbetween Chittagong and Arakan has been influ-enced by geographical, cultural and historicalconsideration. Hinduism and Buddhism spreadhere from India, whereas Islamic civilizationbegan influencing both Arakan and Bengal fromseventh century A. D.
For the last millennium or so, Muslims and Buddhistshave historically lived on both sides of the Naaf Riv-er, which marks the modern border with Bangladesh. Archaeological remains and historical numismaticsand evidences confirmed that Arakan was a HinduKingdom following the Mahayanist form of Buddhismand both the government and the people were Indi-ans similar to present day’s Rohingyas.In 957 A.D, Mongolian invasion swept over Arakanand placed Mongolian king on the throne of Arakan.The inter mixture of the locals and the invading Mon-golians became Arakanese people. Those who arenow known as Rohingya are not solely descendedfrom migrant people but are local indigenous peopleliving in Arakan since the dawn of the history thatlater embraced cultural and religious reformation toupgrade their ancient tradition.In ancient Burma, Mon-Khamar, Tibeto-Burman,Thai-Chinese came from the Northeast in searchof green pasture, clean water and gradually settledthere. With the passage of time many more new racesemerged out of those mixed blood. Similarly, in Ara-kan, Rakhines and Rohingyas have been born withthe arrival of the Aryan people from the Northwestand their intermarriage with the locals through theevaluation of history.It is the right of a distinct group to live in their ownplace, uphold their culture and practice religion of their own freely. Depending on the extent of civili-zation and environment and in course of time, manychanges taken place within and around. And it is noexception in Burma. The ethnic Ta Line has becomeMon, Taung Thu is now Pa-oh, Karenni is known asKaya, Shan Taroke as Kokan etc.It is, thus, not unfair to call the Muslim of Arakan “Ro-hingya” as they like to be called so. In fact, Rohingyais not a new name nor it is invented or adopted, assome Burmese ultra-nationalists do prefer to brand.Rohingya is a historical name based on replete his-torical backgrounds. While change of name of citiesfrom Akyab to Sittwe, Rangoon to Yangon, Arakan to
Rakhine , Burma to Myanmar etc.have recently been made, the cen-turies old name of ethnic Rohing-ya has however been branded asa name created by anti-state ele-ments in post-independent Burma.It simply gives a grim picture onthe status of the Rohingya race.Now the Rakhines are on the sideof nepotism while the Rohingyasare confined to ruthlessness. Inpost independent Burma, Rakh-ines were in better position. TheBurma Territorial Force (BTF),mainly Rakhines, during 1948-50unlashed a reign of terror againstthe Rohingyas. Their action was asif the continuation of 1942 Rohing-ya Muslim massacre by the Rakh-ines. In 1942 the Rakhines mas-sacred 100,000 Muslim Rohingyasburned down over 300 villages and80,000 fled to Bangle.During Ne Win era’s the Rakhineshad been used as tools to oppressthe Rohingyas.The Rohingyashave been oppressed, repressedand exterminated by the Bur-mese and Rakhine people and bySPDC at worst. However, Rohing-yas have been continuing to existthrough thick and thin, keeping nostone unturned exploring all ven-ues for a lasting solution to theirlong-standing problem so as tolive peacefully and honorably intheir ancestral homeland of Ara-kan with dignity, right and justice.Moreover, Rohingyas have beenlooking forward and welcomingthe Rakhines to lunch a movementagainst the cruel junta in Burma.Ethnic Rohingyas are a mixedblooded people having their ori-gin in the following ethnic peoplesduring a long course of their es-tablishment in Arakan. (a) Local Pre-Aryan, Aryan andMongolian, that is, Hindu and Ra-khine (local converts)(b) The Arab and Persian traders(c) The Pathan army of Gen.WaliKhan and Sandhi Khan of 1429and 1430.C.E, Turkish, Afghan andother Muslims from Sonargaon,Gaur and other parts of Bengal.(d) The Mughals of Shah Shuja’sfollowers.(e) Bengali captives or slaves.(f) Various ethnic nationalitieswho entered Arakan as officials,including Prime Ministers, Minis-ters, courtiers, judges, physicians,soldiers of both cavalry and infan-try, merchants, traders, labourers,workers and sailors who were soonabsorbed in the general popula-tion.
arakan: a landoF torMEnt andBloodSHEd
niversal man can notforget his history. His-tory is mirror of lifeand measurement of its perfor-mance. It is through this mirrorthat others can know of a peo-ple who can as well know them-selves properly.
We the Rohingyas of Arakan havemore than 1300 year-old traditionand history of our own. We can notabandon and cynically consign it tooblivion. For centuries there hadbeen rise and fall of many civiliza-tions in Arakan: Hindu, Buddhistand Islam. Muslims remained pre-dominant throughout the gloriousperiod from 1430 A. D. until Bur-mese occupation of Arakan in 1784 A. D.Islam was first introduced in Ara-kan during the period of someHindu dynasties that preceded theChandra dynasty (788-957 A.-D) bySufis, Mystics, Arabs, Moorish andPersian traders within 50 years of the advent of lslam (i.e., 610-660-A D.).The Muslim population went on in-creasing during the long period of 5 centuries following the conquest

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