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Select the Right Portable Generator After a Disaster

Select the Right Portable Generator After a Disaster

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Published by Jon_brown
How to Select the Right Portable Generator After a Disaster
How to Select the Right Portable Generator After a Disaster

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Jon_brown on Nov 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/29/2010

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Select the Right Portable Generator after a Disaster
Publication Number 490-303, August 1996
General
Power outages can leave a home without power for lighting, cooking, refrigeration and pumping water. Portablegenerators can be bought to provide substitute power. However, the generator must be properly sized to start theappliances and equipment you want to run.
What To Do
(For 120-volt, plug-in appliances)
First, find the wattage of the appliance(s) you want to run by checking the nameplate. Motor-driven appliances may belisted in horsepower which must be converted to watts. Motors require four times as much power to start as they do torun. If the running wattage of a motor is 400, then the starting wattage will be 1,600. The following table gives somestarting and running wattage for electrical motors:
Table 1
Watts Required
Now determine how many appliances you want to run at the same time and add or total the wattage. The size of thegenerator you use must be such that it will start and run the necessary appliances. If you get a generator that is too smallto run refrigerators and freezers, they will try to start, but the voltage will drop and their motors will overheat and burnout. If you cannot find the wattage, an estimate can be made from the following table:
Table 2
Typical Equipment Wattages
Motor, hp To start To run
1/61/41/31/2157.5101,0001.5002,0002,3004,ooo18,00028,00036,0002153004005751,0004,5007,0009,000
Essential home equipment Typical wattage
Page 1of 2Select the Right Portable Generator after a Disaster11/15/2006http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/disaster/490-303/490-303.html

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