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Social Structure Interaction Assignment

Social Structure Interaction Assignment

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Published by calvinhangg
Collaboration assignment with Ashley Guillermo, Fan Fei Han, and Kelly Williams
Collaboration assignment with Ashley Guillermo, Fan Fei Han, and Kelly Williams

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Published by: calvinhangg on May 06, 2014
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Calvin Hang, Kelly Williams, Fan Fei Han, and Ashley Guillermo Mozzini
 
Soc 1
 
13 April 2014
 
Social Structure & Interaction
 
1. Ascribed and achieved status are two sides of the same coin. One is given and the other created. Ascribed status, like social class or even gender, is involuntary. Its assigned to you by
others and it defines how you’re depicted socially.. Achieved status,
 like a high-paying job or valued circle of friends, is voluntary and dependent on effort. Achieving a different status serves to alter your social standing. This is especially true if your achieved social status is perceived as  better than your ascribed one. You will be seen favorably, and it opens doors to new social opportunities.
 
Reference groups are simply the people we compare against ourselves. These groups, such as
one’s school classmates or a tv show’s characters, act as behavioral models. In so
ciety, reference groups give us a basis for various behaviors, such as those we want to emulate and those we wish to avoid. Having a group to reference defines social norms and guides us in appropriate social conduct. Whether we experience it firsthand or not, having reference groups contributes to how we interact socially. (Kelly Williams)
 
2. Social roles are parts people are expected to play because it stabilizes a society. An example is how we expect cab drivers to know how to get around a city or firefighters to extinguish fires. One violates his or her role when a person holds two or more social statues that clash by having roles that oppose one another. An example is an assembly line worker having to balance her status of being a friend with the status of being a boss. Role exit is when someone leaves their old role to establish a new role; an example is a former gang member quitting his life of crime to start a new life as a functioning member of society. Role exit relates to the socialization process because of the adjustments people face when leaving a role. They exhibit four stages: doubt, alternative searching, departure, and creation of a new identity. The person first feels unhappy about his or her role, so they take a break from their role. After, they leave their role and take a new role that now identifies them. Primary groups are small groups characterized by intimate, face to face, friendly relationships. Families or sports teams are examples of primary groups because they require long term commitment and inevitably group members bond. Secondary groups are larger and much less  personal, like certain grades of a student body; they may be grouped together by grade, but members may not relate in any other way outside of that. (Ashley Guillermo)
 

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