Design of Experiment
The design of experiments
design of experiments
(DOE) process improves upon the one-change-at-atime process (see the previous section) by planning out all possibledependencies in advance. By defining in advance what experiments toperform in the DOE process, you put yourself in a position to catch multipleattributes that work together to affect the quality of your product or service.Inexpensive software packages for performing a DOE are available. Useyour favorite Internet search engine to see what you can find.To perform a DOE, use the following steps. For this process, we stick withthe pizza-dough example from the previous section. You want to sell yourpizza dough as a mix for consumers to use at home, and, of course, you wantto make the best possible mix. Many factors may affect the production of your pizza dough mix, but for this example, you’re concerned only with therecipe.
Identify the input and output factors that the experiments willmeasure.
Start with a limited number of factors that you think will impact the qualityof your pizza dough mix: flour, yeast, and salt.
Define for each input value a number of levels for which theoutput value is known.
Your current standard recipe calls for 500 grams of flour, 30 grams of yeast,and 2.5 grams of salt. You then need to decide how to vary each of thesefactors. For example, you can vary flour from a low of 400 grams to a highof 600 grams; yeast from 20 grams to 40 grams; and salt from 1.5 grams to3.5 grams.
Create an experiment plan that includes the input-level valuesdefined.
In this case, you try different combinations of flour, yeast, and salt, mix andbake the crust, and then have a taste tester judge the quality of the crust on ascale of 1 to 10 (with 10 being best).