The Impact of Internet on IPR – A Case Study of MusicIndustry in Croatia
Marta Bozina; Kosjenka Dumancic; Blazenka KnezevicUniversity of Zagreb, CroatiaFaculty of Economics and Businessmbozina@efzg.hr ;email@example.com ; firstname.lastname@example.org
According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) there is a trend of rapid growth of Internet users in EU-candidate countries (Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey),according to ITU reports, the number of Internet users has tripled since the year 2000. Nowadays, Internet is affecting and changing almost every industry in transitional countries.The impact is most obvious in industries which deal with goods that can be easily digitalized and distributed online. Due to a large number of Internet users, network effects and accessibility of different easy-to-use software tools both for digitalization and distribution,music seems to be most exposed to Internet theft and piracy. In this paper the case of Croatian music industry will be discussed together with the legal framework regarding theissue of digital music.
IPR, Internet, digital music, Croatia, legal framework, copyright
Since the early eighties, digital revolution has been taking place and has affected every aspectof human life. It has changed existing industries, brought new ones, and developed new typesof human behaviour. The possibility of music digitalization and its digital distribution has placed several legal issues in the focus. This paper will discuss the interference betweentechnological changes and the legal framework that regulates IPR in music industry. TheCroatian music industry and changes in the Croatian legal system regarding issues of musictrade and sharing will be placed in the centre of interest.The first part of the paper will describe the historical development of technology enablingdigital music creation and distribution and sequential changes in the global music industry.The second part will discuss the value chain of music industry and its key components and itwill provide a description of the key players and of the current situation in the Croatian musicindustry.