American Journal of Scientific Research ISSN 1450-223X Issue 18(2011), pp.100-106 © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2011 http://www.eurojournals.com/ajsr.htm
From Utopian Dream to Dystopian Reality: George Orwell’s Animal Farm a Case Study
Department of English Language, Islamic Azad University Chalus Branch, Chalus, Iran
E-mail: email@example.com Tel: 00989111935046
Mohammadreza Ghanbari Najjar
Department of English Language, Islamic Azad University Jouybar Branch, Jouybar, Iran
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 00989113139611; Fax: 00981243363190
The notion of utopia as an ideal state has been deeply rooted in history of man's culture, from the earliest of antiquity to the present time. Even in antiquity utopia was an ideal living state as inferred from the work of Plato, the great master of the classics; and Sir Thomas More, the great humanist and utopist. The first and the most outstanding sample of this type of work is Plato's
which is in a dialogue form and envisages an ideal state in heavenly paradise and the next is More's
. More in his
ideal state in nowhere which has been the prototype of many modern utopias. But by the passage of time it becomes clear that the happiness that the utopists aspire for is just fake happiness and at the end it leads to horror and nightmare of dystopia. George Orwell’s novel,
also depicts these two notions of utopia and dystopia. The novel is a brilliant sample of utopia which turns into dystopia. In
, the animals wish for a dreamy farm with utopian characteristics but in the end they are all left alone with a farm, filled with darkness, lies, conspiracy and broken dreams. "Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely".
Utopia, dystopia, George Orwell, Animal Farm,
Utopia as a place for good and ideal life, from the time of Plato to the present has been associated with knowledge, morality, virtue, happiness and pleasure. This association of a utopian world to that of our own has been echoed so many times that this definition takes on metaphysical meanings, when the notion of utopia comes closer to a place in heaven, in other times particularly in modernism it has closely been associated with the notion of an ideal state with material and phenomenal cooperation, comfort and beauty. Earlier, Plato had mentioned the same ideas. He was the first to outline a plan for this ideal state which he called Republic. In More's Utopia the whole populace needs to work six hours a day regardless of sex or age and everyone must be educated. In More's Utopia each citizen is given a right to express himself in the government.