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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

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Published by Muhammad Usman Khan
Biographies,Abraham Lincoln
Biographies,Abraham Lincoln

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Published by: Muhammad Usman Khan on Nov 07, 2009
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Abraham Lincoln
The Project Gutenberg eBook, Abraham Lincoln, by George Haven PutnamThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You maycopy it, give it away or re−use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook oronline at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Abraham LincolnAuthor: George Haven PutnamRelease Date: March 27, 2004 [eBook #11728]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: iso−8859−1***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK ABRAHAM LINCOLN***E−text prepared by Steve Schulze and Project Gutenberg Distributed ProofreadersNote: Project Gutenberg also has an HTML version of this file which includes the original illustrations. See11728−h.htm or 11728−h.zip: (http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/1/1/7/2/11728/11728−h/11728−h.htm) or(http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/1/1/7/2/11728/11728−h.zip)
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ABRAHAM LINCOLNThe People's Leader in the Struggle for National ExistenceByGEORGE HAVEN PUTNAM, LITT. D.Author of "Books and Their Makers in the Middle Ages," "The Censorship of the Church," etc.With the above is included the speech delivered by Lincoln in New York, February 27, 1860; with anintroduction by Charles C. Nott, late Chief Justice of the Court of Claims, and annotations by Judge Nott andby Cephas Brainerd of New York Bar.1909INTRODUCTORY NOTEThe twelfth of February, 1909, was the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. In New York,as in other cities and towns throughout the Union, the day was devoted to commemoration exercises, and evenin the South, in centres like Atlanta (the capture of which in 1864 had indicated the collapse of the cause of the Confederacy), representative Southerners gave their testimony to the life and character of the greatAmerican.The Committee in charge of the commemoration in New York arranged for a series of addresses to be givento the people of the city and it was my privilege to be selected as one of the speakers. It was an indication of the rapid passing away of the generation which had had to do with the events of the War, that the list of orators, forty−six in all, included only four men who had ever seen the hero whose life and character theywere describing.In writing out later, primarily for the information of children and grandchildren, my own address (which hadbeen delivered without notes), I found myself so far absorbed in the interest of the subject and in therecollections of the War period, that I was impelled to expand the paper so that it should present a morecomprehensive study of the career and character of Lincoln than it had been possible to attempt within thecompass of an hour's talk, and should include also references, in outline, to the constitutional struggle that hadpreceded the contest and to the chief events of the War itself with which the great War President had beenmost directly concerned. The monograph, therefore, while in the form of an essay or historical sketch, retainsin certain portions the character of the spoken address with which it originated.It is now brought into print in the hope that it may be found of interest for certain readers of the youngergeneration and may serve as an incentive to the reading of the fuller histories of the War period, andparticularly of the best of the biographies of the great American whom we honour as the People's leader.I have been fortunate enough to secure (only, however, after this monograph had been put into type) a copy of the pamphlet printed in September, 1860, by the Young Men's Republican Union of New York, in which ispresented the text, as revised by the speaker, of the address given by Lincoln at the Cooper Institute inFebruary,−−the address which made him President.This edition of the speech, prepared for use in the Presidential campaign, contains a series of historicalannotations by Cephas Brainerd of the New York Bar and Charles C. Nott, who later rendered furtherdistinguished service to his country as Colonel of the 176th Regiment, N.Y.S. Volunteers, and (after the closeof the War) as chief justice of the Court of Claims.
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These young lawyers (not yet leaders of the Bar) appear to have realised at once that the speech was toconstitute the platform upon which the issues of the Presidential election were to be contested. Not beingprophets, they were, of course, not in a position to know that the same statements were to represent thecontentions of the North upon which the Civil War was fought out.I am able to include, with the scholarly notes of the two lawyers, a valuable introduction to the speech, written(as late as February, 1908) by Judge Nott; together with certain letters which in February, 1860, passedbetween him (as the representative of the Committee) and Mr. Lincoln.The introduction and the letters have never before been published, and (as is the case also with the material of the notes) are now in print only in the present volume.I judge, therefore, that I may be doing a service to the survivors of the generation of 1860 and also to thegenerations that have grown up since the War, by utilising the occasion of the publication of my own littlemonograph for the reprinting of these notes in a form for permanent preservation and for reference on the partof students of the history of the Republic.G.H.P.NEW YORK, April 2, 1909.CONTENTSI. THE EVOLUTION OF THE MANII. WORK AT THE BAR AND ENTRANCE INTO POLITICSIII. THE FIGHT AGAINST THE EXTENSION OF SLAVERYIV. LINCOLN AS PRESIDENT ORGANISES THE PEOPLE FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF NATIONALEXISTENCEV. THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WARVI. THE DARK. DAYS OF 1862VII. THE THIRD AND CRUCIAL YEAR OF THE WARVIII. THE FINAL CAMPAIGNIX. LINCOLN'S TASK ENDEDAPPENDIX−−LINCOLN'S COOPER INSTITUTE ADDRESS:INTRODUCTORY NOTECORRESPONDENCE WITH ROBERT LINCOLN, NOTT, AND BRAINERDINTRODUCTIONCORRESPONDENCE WITH LINCOLN
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