ABRAHAM LINCOLNThe People's Leader in the Struggle for National ExistenceByGEORGE HAVEN PUTNAM, LITT. D.Author of "Books and Their Makers in the Middle Ages," "The Censorship of the Church," etc.With the above is included the speech delivered by Lincoln in New York, February 27, 1860; with anintroduction by Charles C. Nott, late Chief Justice of the Court of Claims, and annotations by Judge Nott andby Cephas Brainerd of New York Bar.1909INTRODUCTORY NOTEThe twelfth of February, 1909, was the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. In New York,as in other cities and towns throughout the Union, the day was devoted to commemoration exercises, and evenin the South, in centres like Atlanta (the capture of which in 1864 had indicated the collapse of the cause of the Confederacy), representative Southerners gave their testimony to the life and character of the greatAmerican.The Committee in charge of the commemoration in New York arranged for a series of addresses to be givento the people of the city and it was my privilege to be selected as one of the speakers. It was an indication of the rapid passing away of the generation which had had to do with the events of the War, that the list of orators, forty−six in all, included only four men who had ever seen the hero whose life and character theywere describing.In writing out later, primarily for the information of children and grandchildren, my own address (which hadbeen delivered without notes), I found myself so far absorbed in the interest of the subject and in therecollections of the War period, that I was impelled to expand the paper so that it should present a morecomprehensive study of the career and character of Lincoln than it had been possible to attempt within thecompass of an hour's talk, and should include also references, in outline, to the constitutional struggle that hadpreceded the contest and to the chief events of the War itself with which the great War President had beenmost directly concerned. The monograph, therefore, while in the form of an essay or historical sketch, retainsin certain portions the character of the spoken address with which it originated.It is now brought into print in the hope that it may be found of interest for certain readers of the youngergeneration and may serve as an incentive to the reading of the fuller histories of the War period, andparticularly of the best of the biographies of the great American whom we honour as the People's leader.I have been fortunate enough to secure (only, however, after this monograph had been put into type) a copy of the pamphlet printed in September, 1860, by the Young Men's Republican Union of New York, in which ispresented the text, as revised by the speaker, of the address given by Lincoln at the Cooper Institute inFebruary,−−the address which made him President.This edition of the speech, prepared for use in the Presidential campaign, contains a series of historicalannotations by Cephas Brainerd of the New York Bar and Charles C. Nott, who later rendered furtherdistinguished service to his country as Colonel of the 176th Regiment, N.Y.S. Volunteers, and (after the closeof the War) as chief justice of the Court of Claims.