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Review- Identifying and Tracking Disaster Victims- State-Of-The-Art Technology Review

Review- Identifying and Tracking Disaster Victims- State-Of-The-Art Technology Review

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Published by Dari AlHuwail
This article reviews the latest identification and tracking technologies for Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs) communication - specifically for expediting the processes for identifying, locating, and caring for victims. No technology was recommended per se since the article aimed to raise awareness of the technologies that have potential to improve MCI communication. Further research is needed for emergency "systems that work seamlessly to identify, geolocate, and communicate time-critical information to rescue workers and family members."
This article reviews the latest identification and tracking technologies for Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs) communication - specifically for expediting the processes for identifying, locating, and caring for victims. No technology was recommended per se since the article aimed to raise awareness of the technologies that have potential to improve MCI communication. Further research is needed for emergency "systems that work seamlessly to identify, geolocate, and communicate time-critical information to rescue workers and family members."

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Published by: Dari AlHuwail on Nov 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/07/2009

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Summary
 — 
This article reviews the latest identification andtracking technologies for Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs)communication - specifically for expediting the processes foridentifying, locating, and caring for victims. No technology wasrecommended per se since the article aimed to raise awareness of the technologies that have potential to improve MCIcommunication. Further research is needed for emergency"systems that work seamlessly to identify, geolocate, andcommunicate time-critical information to rescue workers andfamily members."
 Keywords
 — 
MCI, Identification, Geolocation, Emergency,Communication
I.
 
R
ESEARCH
D
ESIGN
 /M
ETHODOLOGY
 TYPE: Review of electronic publications examiningtechnologies for disaster victim identification and tracking.VALIDITY: Only a few publications reviewed wereresearch-based studies that reported on tests of simulateddisaster or emergency situations. Non-research sources wereincluded, such as newspapers, presentations, televisiontranscripts, and technical reports.II.
 
E
LIGIBILITY
C
RITERIA AND
S
EARCH
M
ETHODOLOGY
 Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles. Thedatabases included MEDLINE, CINAHL, SOC INDEX,PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Trails andReviews. Both existing and evolving technologies wereincluded in the literature review process. Only English
language publications that had the keywords “technology” and“identification systems” or “tracking systems” were included.
Technologies used for tracking equipment were not included.Sixty-two publications were selected. All publications selectedwere categorized by type of technology type and thenpublication format.Non-research resources were also reviewed for the latest,cutting-edge technologies. Such sources included newspapers,presentations and technical reports. No grey literature wasincluded.
D. AlHuwail is a software engineer with the Information SystemsDepartment at the Ministry of Health in Kuwait and an IEEE member.(d.alhuwail@moh.gov.kw).
III.
 
A
NALYSIS
 Qualitative analysis with abstraction for comparativeanalysis.IV.
 
A
SSESSMENT OF
M
ETHODOLOGICAL
Q
UALITY
 The author excluded commercial tracking/identificationtechnologies that limited their analyses and findings. Non-research sources may introduce bias if they serve to market atechnology. Additionally, the author acknowledges a shortagein research-based literature addressing specific technologies.V.
 
R
ESEARCH
Q
UESTION
 What are the latest identification and tracking technologiesthat could potentially improve Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs)communication to expedite the process of identifying, locating,and caring for victims?VI.
 
T
ECHNOLOGIES
R
EVIEWED
 
 
Barcodes
 
Biometrics
 
Forensic odontology
 
Geographical information systems (GIS)
 
Global positioning systems (GPS)
 
Personal digital assistants (PDAs)
 
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
 
Robotics
 
Smart cards
 
Wireless communication devices
 
Wireless InternetVII.
 
O
UTCOME
 HIGHLIGHTS: The lack of a system for evacuating pets(i.e., household animals) is a leading cause of emergencyevacuation failure. Coupling wireless and geospatialtechnologies in MCI digital systems may have the greatestimpact.IMPLICATIONS: Integrating the reviewed technologiesinto MCI operations shows potential to ease and streamline theprocess of identifying/tracking victims, providing safe medical
Review: Identifying and tracking disastervictims: state-of-the-art technology review
D. AlHuwail, Mobile Medical Computing Scholar

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