This article reviews the latest identification andtracking technologies for Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs)communication - specifically for expediting the processes foridentifying, locating, and caring for victims. No technology wasrecommended per se since the article aimed to raise awareness of the technologies that have potential to improve MCIcommunication. Further research is needed for emergency"systems that work seamlessly to identify, geolocate, andcommunicate time-critical information to rescue workers andfamily members."
MCI, Identification, Geolocation, Emergency,Communication
TYPE: Review of electronic publications examiningtechnologies for disaster victim identification and tracking.VALIDITY: Only a few publications reviewed wereresearch-based studies that reported on tests of simulateddisaster or emergency situations. Non-research sources wereincluded, such as newspapers, presentations, televisiontranscripts, and technical reports.II.
Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles. Thedatabases included MEDLINE, CINAHL, SOC INDEX,PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Trails andReviews. Both existing and evolving technologies wereincluded in the literature review process. Only English
language publications that had the keywords “technology” and“identification systems” or “tracking systems” were included.
Technologies used for tracking equipment were not included.Sixty-two publications were selected. All publications selectedwere categorized by type of technology type and thenpublication format.Non-research resources were also reviewed for the latest,cutting-edge technologies. Such sources included newspapers,presentations and technical reports. No grey literature wasincluded.
D. AlHuwail is a software engineer with the Information SystemsDepartment at the Ministry of Health in Kuwait and an IEEE member.(email@example.com).
Qualitative analysis with abstraction for comparativeanalysis.IV.
The author excluded commercial tracking/identificationtechnologies that limited their analyses and findings. Non-research sources may introduce bias if they serve to market atechnology. Additionally, the author acknowledges a shortagein research-based literature addressing specific technologies.V.
What are the latest identification and tracking technologiesthat could potentially improve Mass Casualty Incidents (MCIs)communication to expedite the process of identifying, locating,and caring for victims?VI.
Geographical information systems (GIS)
Global positioning systems (GPS)
Personal digital assistants (PDAs)
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
Wireless communication devices
HIGHLIGHTS: The lack of a system for evacuating pets(i.e., household animals) is a leading cause of emergencyevacuation failure. Coupling wireless and geospatialtechnologies in MCI digital systems may have the greatestimpact.IMPLICATIONS: Integrating the reviewed technologiesinto MCI operations shows potential to ease and streamline theprocess of identifying/tracking victims, providing safe medical
Review: Identifying and tracking disastervictims: state-of-the-art technology review
D. AlHuwail, Mobile Medical Computing Scholar