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Khajeh Suleman v Salimullah AIR Privy Council 107 2nd Mar 1922

Khajeh Suleman v Salimullah AIR Privy Council 107 2nd Mar 1922

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11/07/2009

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followinghethe
t/(/l.f
ofthepropert.heybeprolce(ulfrom
Ollt!
tho!{he
TlOllIe
andThisdcer1r,ontrtIncrl
c.1anRc:Theobjer.!.oftiesiet-his,thatinjuryandruin,
(FnOMGALCUTTA.)
2nd
March,
1922.
VISCOUNT
CAYE,
LanD
DUNEDTN,
LORD
SHAW
AND
Sm
JOHN
ED(H~.
'Khf7ji'1tsllir.I1lrrll
Quadir
(/1/([
anof/icr-
PItt
in
I.i
rr,,·t\
pj)C
IIn
n
l.s.
v.
SalimI/lifT"13al/(/r/lt1'
a1H/
clRIlI!'-HeA!101,rlClIl(,<;.
rrivyCOl1neilA.ppeal
No.
28
of19Z1.
iIlnhommoll1.o1l~Hror]fioihcfnmil1/
ill
1'f"'l('
f"i'y-Fllil,,'·,.
('f-
Chrll'flr:J,a~
11t(1;.,litllf('~.bll
nf/rec
ml'lIf-":Folin;f/!.
In1M/;nnn1F;(iRtwoureu~c~lI1eintoexistencePUTpOTLilll;10I~
tI-uqfTlnmCl
DndcTeatingT'l'rpetuaJRlll'C'r:'::RionofinLl'r\,,,t·sinthofAmilyofthndonOT~.DiAPUto.h:\\'inl;aTi~cnill11l81.thomnttenvu~COIllpToOli~edwhereby
~h\'
lorufh'oli
wnRconfirmcdinthepossessionofvalllllhlopropeTtiesAnuhewnl'topnyceTtninnnrncupersonAofIhofnmflynncltheirheiTsilfixrdmont.hl~'nllownllce.
1'cld,lhe
prim'lpn!purposo
or
thengTC'emcn19"'niltoSC'CllfIJtoli\'illgomlnnmedj1t)rsonscertninIi~cdnl1owlIllCcl'whidiweTOto.becomopnynbJI'irnmm!i:llely:111<1W('W10t:ontinuototheiTheirs.
H
istruotheDnfl~C'111en~l'purpoTted10conlirmthe
If}(I'lf>'
llnm(1l1/1r1th(',,11,)wnr1l'(,sWNOIllncloPllynhlClbythobnndofIh('
J/i,fnIlVI/;
ofthe
waryfnuma
outofthoinc'lmC'n('er\lin~
In
himfromthcpropertiosthorebyI'Cttlcu.butIheII1111\'nJlCl'Sworoiutondclllotnkeeffectnl!11ll11ll'dint"1111<1oritnbloohnrgesnn,1thocliredi(ln.toI'lIYIhenlJowunccs"outoftho
In
comll"ofIhosctt.jl't1pr<l)lcrti(~!\.whichappeaTinthon{tr('cmcntR,
~h()\\'~
nnintnutiontocreRll'nchArgoIlot10hnfru"trllLt'fl
It)"
unilleIT('cturllnttempttokecpttlh'l'thl'Rlths('<J\1l'll~nndinvnlidlimitationI'ofthe~(.I,Llol11(,\1L.Su(.hUllu((reernl'nt,by"'uichmemhCT~ofIhl'fnmily6uTrC'ndercnthrlirclDimstothopTol"'rlyofeOlmidewblcVllhH~
f"
notl'uhjccl1('thoTcst.rictionRnIT(>din~gifts1\ll1ongi\Inhornt'.dnns.butisacontrnctcrenl,in!;n(',bnrgeOilI:\lull'whichn1<1\"
be
cnfoTe-erllikeotherdlOrgeBbythe('ourt·s.It'iscow;i~lent1I0lonlywiLhlaw.hutwith('qllily,jllstiC'onlll]ROocl(,oIlR{.ien~o·lllni.
tit\'
ngrC'el1lrnt::~ho\llclbeoh~(".rvccl.
[1'.111,C.1,2;
p,
1J2,C.
J.]~J~I~~(~'f'q''KlIAJE1l8lJl,gMAN1'.SALIMULL.AllPrivyCouncil
iO'l
~-"".""t',',,'\
I"
"'".o'~;,h·l1tnjllh.'.;,
.,.}._~,,,:!:~(~.,.
:,.L;~!d·"';.:
:;;r;;i.J~19;,/.~t"~;·
nnrl
Rn11l,~ayRlIll'i'rr!nf
for"".'.•,~...1l~(ordcr1l1'pe~lcdJor~·.i:t;1usti;';.t1ioreforb;:
Appetliii1~~::>'~
~:l..
t...;.;.',':',""
';':,.!,
,F
he
o,on,nnu'~~,.~n~:,",~l~.:'
ippe!\ldi~'m
IB8ed~·;'\'\·p'tHttt6.ahd
Bl'cjwtl,
forliesponr!onIB':-,
,".",<-"
',:~~'wlt1i.~?:~::.·;;~·~:~~:_,:i,r~:~~~!~:i'0.U:~J.:~!;;';f~jr:;n!!J~l1ak-'meht:;"Th1~.
~ln
itnppc·a.t~'
froJ":
4..::;.'...TheftJ.,o~B)iiv8'wmhUlllbtytidy~sl:iJlIJ:::1j\jp[meti~ri.nd\licree
ofl.he
HiRh
dd\lr~or:,;,.
~.,!-j.Q~~~,·.~AA.?!<c~lnglY.;:~.,;o..:lt:::;
.li..
~~.\!~~
"~~:.:,,~.,
~~~'3
~~!oatl!re~,";~t
for~-
Will
i!\l~:
h~'Ihnlgal>',
~'h"~teH.t.1t~~'1Ai>pcal
d!l!mii5CcJ~~'9~tt4~~e:GLhJ\\ne,-l~Hl.
w~I~l..trov{lrsod
&'-';:,
Ho~icitor~TdrlAppeJ1a'l1l;:~·"':"'Solicilo'r.
l"dia
~.~
\t,dgmentanarJecroobftho(...,urt·of
the.
Ot]it"e!,:a.~~.,u\~
;,w.,~~~
n':'
'L'
",':,'::j";
·gubar,dlnl1te.Judgc
of
J)nc:-(\.dntc~t.hc16th
..:.-•..•f:'~•.
~;·'r!'...'.:-,.··,,_~..
:'1j1I.·~~t'Aprl1jJ.~17;·~1,'hefactR
~Ivmg
nsot.olhe
,·d,..~1N~ll.OJ~~~~~tJ~~S.}~;I.~(1~!}~~:::/?91~!l1~s:
iapute~RY
hO'Rtatcn
OR
followa:-',.
...1....~)1;i';!:~J.;,'.~.:>1;~·,:-;:"",:-:"""
"':""7":-'.~
Early
In
tho10th
centuryono
KhnJoh
10.-,..';
I:""...::-~-,.-,
I:,.....
"f
'Abdullah,a
1\1::lhol1lce11\.1)
traderofDacca.,
•.y
~
'-Tfl~•.,...'.,...-",-1.~'.,.....
t.
","'t".~'
"'-',','..,--.'.-,diedin
teRLntC'.po:-;seRRed
oftheproport.y
A~I.R.1922PrivyCouncil
1
07.'in
displlLe
allcl
Il)n
dllg
nmongoLher
heirRfOllraOllS
1I!l.11l<:>rl
AhElan\lllllh,Hnfi7.\l1lnh.Abdul
Azim
nllllAhr1nl
Knrll11.Ont.he5th:Mny,1846,certnin
mOlllhcrB
oftho-ralllily
exeeul.crl
ndeedwhel'ehytheypurpor(.cdt.omake,rrlk/ofccrtninfamily
pl'op~l'liell
I.herein
cle"criberl
for
theben,::,fHof
Iherm:eh'e,;
1\J1l]
lheirde!;cendnnts,p;Qllerntionnft,ergenernt.ioll,Rnorolnlive8,
I\nll
f.llcnfar
the
pooro!lelde:<lfltute;
nll(1
theytherehy
apnoill(cdI.Ahrlllt
Gani
(/!rnnll·Hol1afAhsUlllllloh)to
ohe1.'l--Dofen-he
.~fllflmli
or
fhcpropcrties.nnd
dlreeloclhintto)l1YtothehcirflofHnfi7.\1llnh,
Abnl1lAzilT1llllflAhcllll
Knrim,cerfn.inmonthlynllowlll1cc~l11enlioneoin
thescheduleanntokeept.hobalanceinrlepor-dt.
Ontho1HhSeplcmher;1868,A
hclul
Gnni'uppoin
(.en
his
!-:on
A
llE'anullnhto
be
J,[IIf.1l'(11i
of'.his
clercl
inhisplnce.Ontbe
AnlnO
elate,namely,tho11thSE'ptomber]1168
Abdul
Ganiexecuteda.deedwherebyhepurportedto"makeper·petual
wakl
of"certainothorpropertiesofwhichheclaimedtobetheownor
by
inheritallceor
purchase
infavourofhiB80nsltndoffspringsnndalllhemembers.nnrlrelatives
deRcenderl
f~oru
hiB
grandfa.ther,tho
,cak!
boingdescendibloto.cbilchen
both
intho
1I11~le
rind
femnlejines,andontheir
fnilnre,
ill
favourofthof<lkinlnlldthepoor
inu
i~cllt
nr
Daccn;andhetherebyappoin
!.relIt
i~
Mn
AhR;mullo11tobe
Mllfw(tli
oftho
1('(11••
1
:-;0
crenled,
0
ndrlircclodhimto
"pcllel
l110ney
befitlinghi!\
l'('(/sat
and
(0}layn
1I0wn.l1ccs
·to
thepa.rt.iesinwhoee
fl\\'ourthe
1talil
waR
mode,withpowertoincreaseorreducesuchallow
ances.
 
108
Privy
Council
RHAJEH
SgLEMAN
v.
SALiMULi,Alt
19:t.•..
clignllyofthofnmllybol11alntnlnod,nlld1881,which
WD./l
!llg-nodhyOtOnhohn1(0£t.hatthoprontRofthoclltntobo,nCOOl'llll1Knilthepartiestotho!'lult,of1880,Hwastothepracticeandl1I;n~eofthe{omity,agreedthatdW'thepersonaentitledtoBpentfortheImprovemontoft.heposiUonTe'celveallowancesundert.hcdeedof
18'6;
anddignityofthefahlilyforthocomfortand0.11thedefendantstothe"uitexceptandhenefitoftheper~onRInwho~efavourAbdulGaniandbiftRonAhsanullo.h,shouldthe
u'(1kf
Ismade,nndfortheperfdrmnt10Gbema(lap!ninWTRInthef\\lit,andl.hatt.heoft.heworldljaridreli(dol1saffainlandofBulL"houle!bewil,hrlrawnwithoutpowerLoolU\TitahloactS."bringnnyfresh'suitforthoRamoBub.Theptirpos8bfthesetwodeed~isphiln.joct-maU:f·..
l"
TheinlentionoflhedonorI'inoachcnseThePrJl1clpaltOrtTIl';ofthengreementwaRtomakeperpetmi.lprovisionforthewerecontainellinthofol1owin~clnusoR:r,lemborsoftheirfamilybyseWingthe4.Thepenmnssigningthi"Homoran.proportioRuponBtlchmembers,genorationdUI11ofAgreemont.ndmitthatthotwoaftor~enerntion,
1;0
longasLhefamilydeod"of1253B.E.n.tHI1275J3.E.(1846~hould18.Rt;nnnnilRuchnsettlementwasanlL
18G8)
nrovnlidnwlbindingdeeds'ofnotrecogni"enbyMnhomodanInw
!
lhey
wale}.
Boltgbtt?validateit.hycnlling
it
B.;
wakj
5.ThepersonBSi~llinp;thisMemon.n~iid
.b:r
InsorLlnp;n.distantntHIconttngontdurnofagreementadmit,thottheproperprOVISionforcharltahlepurposes.t.io~heldas
IVakf
hvtheNnwahAh8anul·Intheveal'i~80SOllH)meinberRofLholahunderthedeed
(;r
125313.E.nowconfnmilvde'scendedfrol11thedonorsof
J84G,
"i"tofthepropertiesontere(1illSchJdulebeing'dissali!;fiedwiththenllowanceHpaidAappendedto_thisMell1ornn~umofto!lhemoutuftboincomeoftheROt.tledAgroemento.nclofnootherproperl.!'!s,arldproperties(whichhRllgreatlyiilcreased),tl1at.thepropertiesheldas
TVnlcf
hythebrought
0.
Ruit,i11theGourt.oftheSubordi-NawabAh8anullo.hunderthodeedof1275nate,Judgeat.DaccnogninstAbdulGuni!l.E.nowconRis!.oftheprope:liesenteredllnd,Ah5allUlInhhisson.allegingt.hat-t.heInScheduleBappendedtothISMomornn.n.eod·of1846wasn0(,vRlidasawC1kfnnddum.ofAgreemontnlll!ofnootherpro.ihil.lthedeedof18(;8r:ol11prisedpropertiespertIes.purchn.sedby·theMut.walioulofthein-G.TheNawabAhsanullnhConsentsbycome(locruedunderIhodood(If1816andvirtlleofthepowerveRtedinhimasciaimlngflccounlRnpon[halfool.in~nlld
IlIulwali
bytheaidtwo(leedRj1.0increasepaymentoftheirsharo.Iheallowancesofthovariousmembers
of
1
0/
t.hefamilywhosenamesareent~red
iii
.A!nougI.hepnrtJel;toIllS
SUI~
weret.beScheduleR.OamlDa:bpender!tothis
Am
Irtlllah(thefaf.h':!roft.hl'l.r;pp~1I!\.n~9).MemornndtlmofAgreement.toanaggrehlS.mo[he~!Z7.n.tellne!o;~n.Blbl,
lw;
Wifegateortotaln.mountofRl1peORonelaoHahmaB~hl,.l\nrt.her.llI?therAyeshnthirtythreethousandandejghty-~out'andKhanl1m.The.prOCH;,:tnte:~st.sof,1hoseelevenanuasonlypet'nunum.personaintheproporllcBcompTlsedInt.ho.-,:
d.'.
t.Wo(leedsof
wale!
arenotclearon
the.
Andit
18
declatethattho)lorsonRwhoserecord,
nnd
itisnot
nQW
lllaterialLo
0.8-
!lamesll.r.ee~ter~dilltheScbedllio
0
ap·certainlhel,ll;butItI~rlninthatt.heyhndpendedtoHlIsMemornndtllllofAgreementorclaimedintercHIRinthepropertioscom-arethepersonsentitledtonllowallccRp~y.prlsedhibothdeeds.ableoul;oftheIncomeoftheproperties.heldas
wak!
underthodeedof
1253
B
K
:'The
sui~washeard.blltbeforejl1d~meht
And
t.hilpersollR"'hosellamosareentored\vnspronouncedflOl11efriendsofthefnmilyilltheSohedule
D
appendodto[hiRMemo(inohtdingt.hethenLieut.enelit.Governor,randumofAgreei:nent6rotheperSOllflen
Sir
AsbleyEden,andfhoDistrictJudge.tit.1edLonllowanceflpaynbleout.ofthein·Mr.H.nmpilli)ItitervenctlilltheintoreRtscomeoftheDropertieshelda~n'(7Ic/underofpeDOll,nndultimatelyacompromiRelhedeedof
1275
n.
E.wnRefT(>dcllandthef'llit.WnRntnyeduponAnd
it
isligreecl-thatthepnrllcullii:thoterm!'oftw~n(rree,mentFl,dat.l:lutheamountLobepniultoellchindividualperrOll26thAugust1881,nnotlu:17thSeptembershallbefixedliereafterbyo.Oomrnitteoc.on.1881.siBlingoffOLlrmalememberRoft.hefn.mily
By
theagreementofthe26thAugUfJt,whoshall'bl'l'HilealdORcendantsof
 
(
KHAJEj.{subn.iA.N
iJ;
8ALIMt1:LLA1I
PrIvyCouncil109
theoriginalproprlolotaoftheesta~ell
onleT:',
'tHe
said'MemornndtlmofAgrtHli1lonl,doedintheslifdSchechiibsAaildBtwoofthe',hatebyexeoutethisagreementiindagree,ali.ldftiUtmalememb\:!fflbeingnomlhated
'fihltly.i
UuitwlLhlnsevendays'lifterthe
by
lha
.:NawnbAhsanl111a.handtwobytherbegiI1bli1gofeachmonthofth~BengalilahitlffaoftheSuitNo,189of1880and--;-oalebdar
I
andallfiltnre}.{
utwalls
shaJlpe.ytho,ui.ldfourmemoeral1avlngpower
to
tdeaohinemberoftbefnmlIy.wholienameselectanumpirewIthacllBtingvolefromlaenteredinthescheduleappendedtothisamongsttheirnuttiberor
to
!!eleot
Oh9
agreert1erf'\theamountoftheallowancesother.memberof
the
famHitobeanenteredli.gninsthisorherlIamtllieoondly,addillonalmemberoftheirCommlllee,,tha~neitherInoranyfuture
.Mulwali
~haJlblltwhoflhnllhaveorievoteon1y;atoporwithholdpaymentoftheallowances7.Ontheamountsoftheal1o:wance1';
1.0
hnteredintheSchedulegiven,bt!lowwithbepaidtoeMhioclivtdualmemberof(heoutjURlcnUf:e,Ruchcau~etobefirstcleclafamilybeIngfixed
by
thesaidC6il1miHee,redjus.tbytbefamily
l'(/71chayat,
tohet.heNawabAlu;nnullabshallwithin
two
eleotedbienniallyinaccordanoewithweeks'timeexecutenn,ogniemontonClauaeOf:thesaidMemorandumofAgreostompedpaperngreeinglopa.ytoeachmerit;,thirdly,that.,onthe.,allowanceofinclh-idualmembertheamountoftheanymeinberofthefamilybeingsostopnlfowaJ1cefixedforhimorforherbytheped,
I'
ahdallfuture
Mulau'alis;
afteraaidCommit.t.eoanclstipulating{.hatflilChdeductionofanycompnssionatenllo.nllowanco~hRIInotbostoppedexcept.
nR
wance~hjohIornil:};future
,Mufu.ruali
boreIhil.fLerprovidedillthisMemorandummaymaketothesaidoffendingmemberOfAp;reemenl.':
I,:
shnllpaythebalancoofLhonllowanoeso11.Ontheclenth
at
nuymemberofthe·st.oppedtohisorherfamilyorrelativesfnmllyinreceiptofanaJlownncehisordependentonhimorher:fourthly,tbotonherallOWAnce1'hollberlifltributedamongstthesaidbienniallyelect.edfalriily:pancha.hisorht'rhei.~nndrCRiduarieslnpropor·
yet
delerminingonsufficientcausebeingtionatobeclel.erminedbythefamily,shown
w
il,Ihattheallowanceso'stopped
Panchayot
tohonppointedas.bereinafter·shouldbereRtoredtothoatTendingmemprovided,.ber'roranyfuture
MufClWOlis
shallnccor-18.Thefamily
ponr:!l(l/lat
referredtoindingly-restoreandcuntinueit,amIfifthly,dlauses',8,11,
1'l,
13,14,15,nhd17,and~>nthe?ealhofanymemberof-thefamilywhichshallconsideranddetermine
JD
receIptofanallowance,IandallfutureallthoaforesaiclfamilynrrangementshEdt
lt~utalValis
sha.1Idist.ributetheamountofconsistofthe
MlIl/IJali
forthelimebeinghI~orheral!owa~oe!lmongst~lsorherifhechoosestoiLandfourmalemembersheirsaI,1dresHluane8,mprOp?rllO,nRtobeofthefamilyb~illglinealne8cendantRofrlete;mmedbytheSRldbIenl11aJlyelectedt.heoriginalproprietorsoftheeslatesfamity
panchayet,
montionedinthosaidScheclulesAandBThe'sci-ieclulectllltaillcdalil'tofthe
W.11ich.
fourmembetsshallbeelectedmonthlyallowancestobopaidtotheb~enlllalJybysuchad.uHmnleandfemnle,severalmembersofIhefamilyoutofthememben~of,thofnmllyn~choose.tovotofTlComtl:arisingfromeachofthetwon~l?eelectlOll,aft-orhnvmgreceivedduedeeds;andincludedallowancesunderthenotICe,,..."deedof'1868ofRs.20amonthtoIzza.,Theag.reemento~the17thSeptemher;tenneSB~,RB.150
8.
monthtoAyeBha.1881whIchwa~,!:lIgnodby.AhsanuJla.~Khanilm,anclRs,150amonthloAmio;tly.aflerarer-Itnl.t,olheeff~c~lha~
B.
rulJah.ThesuitwasdulywithdrawnillOommltteeReleel.en111nocordanceWIthaccordanoewiththeagreements;'clnuse6oftheag~eemelltofthe2G~h,''
',i'
August1881hl\ofixedtheamountsenter~d,Forsome~earBaftertheeXeou~.iOllofIn,theRchccllliogivenhelow·nsthetheseagreementspeacereignedinthenmOllntsofthemonthlyaJ\owanoe~tobefamily.andtheallowancessecuredbypaidtothemembersofthefamily,whORe·t.heagreementsweredulypaid;'Ontbennmeswcreent.eredinthesamescherlllle,c1ealhofIzzatenne~l'Ill.hersonAlnirullahproceeded,asfollowl':-,"became~nW.ledto
'11
I'hnreofhereBtatl:!,ITbeNov.-anAhslJ.nullnhKhnnBaha-and8.proportionateport.ofhormonthhdm:as
Mllf/lVlli
of.lhedeedsof
/Unle!
ofallowanceof
Rf3.
2·0wasthenoefort.h1253B,
E.
I1lln1275B,
E.,
referredtoinpaidtohim;andonthedeathof
AY04

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