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Puzzles – 400 Page: 1 of 132

Puzzles – 400 Page: 1 of 132

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Published by Sankar

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Published by: Sankar on Nov 08, 2009
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Puzzles – 400 Page: 1 of 132
Three friends divided some bullets equally. After all of them shot 4 bullets the total number of bullets remaining is equal tothe bullets each had after division. Find the original number divided. 
Answer 18
 Assume that initial there were 3*X bullets.So they got X bullets each after division.All of them shot 4 bullets. So now they have (X - 4) bullets each.But it is given that, after they shot 4 bullets each, total number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division i.e. XTherefore, the equation is3 * (X - 4) = X3 * X - 12 = X2 * X = 12X = 6Therefore the total bullets before division is = 3 * X = 18Find sum of digits of D.LetA= 1999
 B = sum of digits of AC = sum of digits of BD = sum of digits of C(HINT: A = B = C = D (mod 9)) 
Answer The sum of the digits of D is 1.
 Let E = sum of digits of D.It follows from the hint that A = E (mod 9)
Puzzles – 400 Page: 2 of 132
Consider,A = 1999
< 2000
= 2
* 1000
= 1024
* 10
< 10
* 10
= 10
 i.e. A < 10
i.e. B < 6800 * 9 = 61200i.e. C < 5 * 9 = 45i.e. D < 2 * 9 = 18i.e. E <= 9i.e. E is a single digit number.Also,1999 = 1 (mod 9)so 1999
= 1 (mod 9)
Therefore we conclude that E=1.
There is a 50m long army platoon marching ahead. The last person in the platoon wants to give a letter to the first person leading the platoon. So while the platoon is marching he runs ahead, reaches the first person and hands over the letter to him and without stoppinghe runs and comes back to his original position.In the mean time the whole platoon has moved ahead by 50m.The question is how much distance did the last person cover in that time. Assuming that he ran the whole distance with uniform speed.
Answer The last person covered 120.71 meters.
 It is given that the platoon and the last person moved with uniform speed. Also, they both moved for the identical amountof time. Hence, the ratio of the distance they covered - while person moving forward and backword - are equal.Let's assume that when the last person reached the first person, the platoon moved X meters forward.Thus, while moving forward the last person moved (50+X) meters whereas the platoon moved X meters.Similarly, while moving back the last person moved [50-(50-X)] X meters whereas the platoon moved (50-X) meters.Now, as the ratios are equal,(50+X)/X = X/(50-X)(50+X)*(50-X) = X*XSolving, X=35.355 metersThus, total distance covered by the last person= (50+X) + X= 2*X + 50= 2*(35.355) + 50= 120.71 metersNote that at first glance, one might think that the total distance covered by the last person is 100 meters, as he ran thetotal length of the platoon (50 meters) twice. TRUE, but that's the relative distance covered by the last person i.e.assuming that the platoon is stationary.
Puzzles – 400 Page: 3 of 132
If you take a marker & start from a corner on a cube, what is the maximum number of edges you can trace across if younever trace across the same edge twice, never remove the marker from the cube, & never trace anywhere on the cube,except for the corners & edges? 
Answer 9
 To verify this, you can make a drawing of a cube, & number each of its 12 edges. Then, always starting from 1 corner & 1edge, you can determine all of the possible combinations for tracing along the edges of a cube.There is no need to start from other corners or edges of the cube, as you will only be repeating the same combinations.The process is a little more involved than this, but is useful for solving many types of spatial puzzles.One of Mr. Bajaj, his wife, their son and Mr. Bajaj's mother is an Engineer and another is a Doctor.
If the Doctor is a male, then the Engineer is a male.
If the Engineer is younger than the Doctor, then the Engineer and the Doctor are not blood relatives.
If the Engineer is a female, then she and the Doctor are blood relatives.Can you tell who is the Doctor and the Engineer?
Answer Mr. Bajaj is the Engineer and either his wife or his son is the Doctor.
 Mr. Bajaj's wife and mother are not blood relatives. So from 3, if the Engineer is a female, the Doctor is a male. But from1, if the Doctor is a male, then the Engineer is a male. Thus, there is a contradiction, if the Engineer is a female. Hence,either Mr. Bajaj or his son is the Engineer.Mr. Bajaj's son is the youngest of all four and is blood relative of each of them. So from 2, Mr. Bajaj's son is not theEngineer. Hence, Mr. Bajaj is the Engineer.Now from 2, Mr. Bajaj's mother can not be the Doctor. So the Doctor is either his wife or his son . It is not possible todetermine anything further.Three men - Sam, Cam and Laurie - are married to Carrie, Billy and Tina, but not necessarily in the same order.Sam's wife and Billy's Husband play Carrie and Tina's husband at bridge. No wife partners her husband and Cam doesnot play bridge.Who is married to Cam? 
Answer Carrie is married to Cam.
 "Sam's wife and Billy's Husband play Carrie and Tina's husband at bridge."It means that Sam is not married to either Billy or Carrie. Thus, Sam is married to Tina.As Cam does not play bridge, Billy's husband must be Laurie.Hence, Carrie is married to Cam.There are 3 persons X, Y and Z. On some day, X lent tractors to Y and Z as many as they had. After a month Y gave asmany tractors to X and Z as many as they have. After a month Z did the same thing. At the end of this transaction eachone of them had 24.Find the tractors each originally had? 
One way to solve it is by making 3 equations and solve them simultaneously. But there is rather easier way to solve itusing Backtracking.It's given that at the end, each had 24 tractors (24, 24, 24) i.e. after Z gave tractors to X & Y as many as they had. Itmeans that after getting tractors from Z their tractors got doubled. So before Z gave them tractors, they had 12 tractors

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