f that all the words of the Quran are from Allah makes it an extremely sacred Book. To preserve its sacredness, they are willing to do anything, including killing themselves, if it becomes necessary. This behavior of the Muslims is known as
‘fundamentalism.’ Also known vicariously as ‘Islamic Fundamentalism,’ which espouses
violence, causes death and destruction, it has become today the major problem of our world. It is not true that only the illiterate or half-literate Muslims are guilty of fundamentalism, even the scholars of Islam harbor it in their heart. This is discernible from the efforts that they have been making, for hundreds of years, for defending what is indefensible. Here is an example of how a reputable Muslim scholar avoided telling his readers the truth that lies
behind the Quran’s authorship. “Allah is Most High, Most Wise: man is, in spite of his high destiny, often the lowest of the
low (95:5). Yet Allah, out of His infinite Mercy and Grace, has bestowed His revelation on man. How does i
t come about? Three ways are mentioned: (1) W’ahyun, Inspiration; (2) from
behind a veil; and (3) by sending of a Messenger.
W’ahyun, Inspiration, is interpreted to be of two kinds: (1) a suggestion thrown by Allah into
the heart and mind of man, by which man understands the substance of the Message, whether it is a command or prohibition, or an explanation of a great truth; and (2) verbal or literal inspiration, by which the actual words of Allah are conveyed in human language. Orthodox opinion admits the
existence of both kinds, though the latter (“recited,” matlu) is held to be of a superior degree, only vouchsafed to the greater Prophets, while the former (“other than recited,” gair
-matlu) may be given not only to the greater Prophets but to the other men of spiritual insight who have not attained the degree of Prophethood. If we accept the theory of
verbal inspiration, it would also cover the Messages brought by the angel Gabriel.”
It is clear from the Quran itself that it is the bearer of messages that had come supposedly from Allah to Muhammad in two forms. One of them came in the form of inspiration, which
Allah Himself ‘threw’ into Muhammad’s heart. The second came through the medium of
angel Gabriel, who, too, put it down to his heart by Alla
In both the cases, no direct words from Allah were involved. Muhammad received the
messages either directly from Allah or through angel Gabriel ‘into his heart and mind,’ and
then expressed them to his followers in his own words. This is what the Quran implies, and also, this is what the learned scholar has said indirectly in his commentary.
The Muslim scholars’ unwillingness or desire to speak clearly on the authorship of the Quran
is a reason that leads all Muslims to believe that all of its contents came directly from Allah, and in His own words. Therefore, they are not only extraordinarily sacred to them, they are also infallible. This dogmatic belief has made the Muslims not only excessively reverent of the Quran; it has also made them highly sensitive to any criticism that is made by those who hold differing views on its authorship. Given the state of mind with which almost all Muslim children grow up and lead their lives, we are not likely to see a peaceful world until steps are taken to debrief them on the Quran and its contents. And this can be done only through the Muslim scholars and preachers.