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River Pollution Ramaa Ramesh XLRI

River Pollution Ramaa Ramesh XLRI

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Published by sudhirnair

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Published by: sudhirnair on Nov 08, 2009
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11/07/2013

 
CARE-a four point sustainable solution
tacklingriverpollutioninindia
ashwamedha
ignite
Ramaa Ramesh |XLRI
 
RIVER POLLUTION: The situation thus far
Indiaishometo14majorrivers,whichtodaysharethedubiouscommonalityofbeingamongthemostpollutedinAsia
Overtime,theseoncecleanrivershavefallenpreytoavarietyofpolluters,lackofpublicconcernandfailedgovernmentmachineryandplanning
The
GOI’s
effortsinthemanneroftheGangaActionPlanandtheYamunaActionplan,tostateafew,havebeenuniformlyunsuccessfulduetoaplethoraofreasons
ThispresentationexaminesthesourcesofriverpollutioninIndia,effortsundertaken,andthereasonsfortheirfailure,andproposesasimple,relativelyinexpensivefive-prongedsustainablestrategyforthecleaningandmaintenanceoriversystemsacrossthecountry
ReferencesCARE
 – 
a solutionGovernment RoleCausesSources
 
Major sources of river pollution in India
POINT SOURCES OFPOLLUTION
Runofffromsolidwastesfromwastedumps;leakagefromlandfillsites
Runofffrommedicalwastes,includingrunofffromhospitals,healthcarecentersandfrommedicallaboratories
Runofffromagriculturalfieldsandfarmlandcontainingahighlevelopesticidesandchemicalfertilizers
Runoff fromwastes
100000tonsohumanexcrementadaypollutingIndianrivers,causinggreatdifficultytothoseusingtheriverwaterfordrinkingandbathing,aswellasholydipsetc
Cattlewallowingalsocontributessignificantlytodirtyingandpollutingrivers
Open defecation& cattle wallow
DisposalohundredsofburntandhalfburnthumanbodiesonadailybasisinmajorriversincludingtheGanges,leadingtoinfectionandpollutionofwater
Disposalofbodiesof deadanimalsincludingdiseasedanduntreatedlivestockbyframersandanimalbreeders,leadingtoinfectedwater
Carcassdisposal
NON POINT SOURCES OF POLLUTION
75%ofallpointsourcepollution
Consistsofuntreatedorpoorlytreatedsewageandoverflowfromunder-capacitysewagetreatmentfacilities
Municipal Sewage
25% of PSP
Hazardous solid and liquidwastes from factories
Consists of solvents, heavymetals and radioactivematerials
Frequently enters groundwatersupplies
Industrial Pollution

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