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Waste Management Gaurav Tomar IMT

Waste Management Gaurav Tomar IMT

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Published by sudhirnair

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Published by: sudhirnair on Nov 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/08/2009

 
Waste Management
GauravTomarIMT Ghaziabad
 
Problems
Problem 1
 –
Significant increase in the MSW (Municipal solid waste) generation in India due torapid population growth and economic development in the country.
 –
MSW generation expected to go up exponentially in the future. Some estimates saythat the total waste quantity generated in 2047 would be approximately above 260million tonnes
more than five times the present level.
 –
Un-collected garbage poses serious health hazards apart from being eyesores.
 –
Municipalities face resource constraints and general in-efficiencies in copingwith this problem.
Problem 2
 –
Energy situation in the country 
: shortfall as demand rises and supply can’t match up. –
This situation is leading to rising prices. (More than 230% price hike in last decadeitself.)
 –
With the current rate of consumption we may soon run out of fossil fuels.
 
One solution for both problems
Plan to start installation of biogas units in allresidential colleges, large societies and otherplaces like prisons and hospitals whereconsiderable amount of human excreta andother waste like sewage, municipal waste, greenwaste etc is available on a consistent basis.
Generated gas (eg. Approx 1000 people excreta= 30 m
3
) can be then used for the cooking,lighting purposes in the same institution/society.

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