Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
Lab Report Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pump

# Lab Report Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pump

Ratings: (0)|Views: 24,439 |Likes:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ram Krishna Singh on Nov 08, 2009

### Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

09/17/2014

pdf

text

original

Laboratory

Report

Performance

characteristics

of

centrifugal

pump

Instructor:

Dr.

Rajendra

Shrestha

of

Department,

Mechanical

Engineering

Center

for

Energy

Studies,

IOE,

Pulchowk

Date

of

Experiment:

July

24
th

2009

Date

of

Submission:

August

25
th

2009

Report

submitted

by:

Ram

Krishna

Singh

Objective

To

draw

the

performance

characteristics

of

single

pump

pumps

combination

in

series

pumps

combination

in

parallel

Apparatus

Centrifugal

pump

apparatus

bench

Stop

watch

Procedure

First

of

all,

operation

was

done

for

single

pump.

A

pump

was

operated

with

control

rate

of

flow

taken

for

0,

10,

15,

30,

30

liters

per

minute

observed

in

V

notch.

To

assure

the

exact

flow

rate,

pipe

with

stop

watch

was

taken

for

each

case.

Correspondingly,

measurements

of

pressures

were

taken

for

suction

and

delivery

side.

Also

corresponding

power

was

observed.

Similar

operations

were

done

for

two

pumps

arranged

in

series

as

well

as

parallel.

Theory

A

centrifugal

pump

converts

the

input

power

to

kinetic

energy

in

the

liquid

by

accelerating

the

liquid

by

a

revolving

device
an

impeller.

Fluid

enters

the

pump

through

the

eye

of

the

impeller

which

rotates

at

high

speed.

The

fluid

is

accelerated

outward

from

the

pump

chasing.

A

vacuum

is

created

at

the

impellers

eye

that

continuously

draws

more

fluid

into

the

pump.

The

energy

created

by

the

pump

is

kinetic

energy

according

the

Bernoulli

Equation.

The

energy

transferred

to

the

liquid

corresponds

to

the

velocity

at

the

edge

or

vane

tip

of

the

impeller.

The

faster

the

impeller

revolves

or

the

bigger

the

impeller

is,

the

higher

will

the

velocity

of

the

liquid

energy

transferred

to

the

liquid

be.

This

is

described

by

the

Affinity

Laws.

it

is

important

to

understand

that

the

pump

will

pump

all

fluids

to

the

same

height

if

the

shaft

is

turning

at

the

same

rpm.

Centrifugal

Pumps

are

"
constant

machines
".

The

of

a

pump

in

metric

units

can

be

expressed

in

metric

units

as:

h

=

(p
2
p
1
)/(
ρ
g)

+

22
/(2

g)

(1)

where

h

=

total

developed

(m)

p
2

=

pressure

at

outlet

(N/m
2
)

p
1

=

pressure

at

inlet

(N/m
2
)

ρ
=

density

(kg/m
3
)

g

=

acceleration

of

gravity

(9.81)

m/s
2

2

=

velocity

at

the

outlet

(m/s)

Energy

Usage

The

energy

usage

in

a

pumping

installation

is

determined

by

the

flow

required,

the

height

lifted

and

the

length

and

characteristics

of

the

pipeline.

The

power

required

to

drive

a

pump

(
P
),

is

defined

simply

using

SI

units

by:

by:

where:

P

is

the

input

power

required

(W)
ρ
is

the

fluid

density

(kg/m
3
)

g

is

the

gravitational

constant

(9.81

m/s
2
)

H

is

the

energy

to

the

flow

(m)

Q

is

the

flow

rate

(m
3
/s)
η
is

the

efficiency

of

the

pump

plant

as

a

decimal

The

by

the

pump

(
H
)

is

a

sum

of

the

the

static

lift,

the

loss

due

to

friction

and

any

losses

due

to

valves

or

pipe

bends

all

expressed

in

metres

of

water.

Power

is

more

commonly

expressed

as

kW

(10
3

W)

or

horsepower

(multiply

kW

by

0.746).

The

value

for

the

pump

efficiency
η
may

be

stated

for

the

pump

itself

or

as

a

combined

efficiency

of

the

pump

and

motor

system.

The

energy

usage

is

determined

by

multiplying

the

power

requirement

by

the

length

of

time

the

pump

is

operating.

Performance

curve:

The

performance

curve

is

the

easiest

and

most

satisfactory

way

to

show

graphically

the

relationship

between

capacity,

horsepower,

etc.,

of

any

pump.

For

a

given

rotational

speed

and

impeller

size,

the

performance

of

a

pump

can

be

represented

on

a

capacity

curve

of

total

developed

in

feet

of

water

versus

flow

in

gallons

per

minute.

Total

dynamic

(TDH)

is

the

difference

between

suction

and

discharge

pressure

and

includes

the

difference

between

the

velocity

at

the

suction

and

discharge

connection.

The

lines

sloping

downward

from

left

to

right

represent

the

varying

quantities

of

water

delivered

by

the

pump

with

variations

in

or

pressure

for

a

given

impeller

size.

The

intersection

of

this

line

with

zero

delivery

line

shows

the

“shut
off

which

is

the

pressure

developed

by

the

pump

when

the

discharge

valve

is

shut.

## Activity (124)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
great report guys