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Lab Report Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pump

Lab Report Performance Characteristics of Centrifugal Pump

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Published by Ram Krishna Singh

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Published by: Ram Krishna Singh on Nov 08, 2009
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09/17/2014

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Laboratory
 
Report
 
Performance
 
characteristics
 
of 
 
centrifugal
 
pump
 
Instructor:
 
Dr.
 
Rajendra
 
Shrestha
 
Head
 
of 
 
Department,
 
Mechanical
 
Engineering
 
Center
 
for
 
Energy
 
Studies,
 
IOE,
 
Pulchowk
 
Date
 
of 
 
Experiment:
 
July
 
24
th
 
2009
 
Date
 
of 
 
Submission:
 
August
 
25
th
 
2009
 
Report
 
submitted
 
by:
 
Ram
 
Krishna
 
Singh
 
 
Objective
 
To
 
draw
 
the
 
performance
 
characteristics
 
of 
 
 
single
 
pump
 
 
pumps
 
combination
 
in
 
series
 
 
pumps
 
combination
 
in
 
parallel
 
Apparatus
 
 
Centrifugal
 
pump
 
apparatus
 
bench
 
 
Stop
 
watch
 
Procedure
 
First
 
of 
 
all,
 
operation
 
was
 
done
 
for
 
single
 
pump.
 
A
 
pump
 
was
 
operated
 
with
 
control
 
rate
 
of 
 
flow
 
taken
 
for
 
0,
 
10,
 
15,
 
30,
 
30
 
liters
 
per
 
minute
 
observed
 
in
 
V
 
notch.
 
To
 
assure
 
the
 
exact
 
flow
 
rate,
 
pipe
 
reading
 
with
 
stop
 
watch
 
was
 
taken
 
for
 
each
 
case.
 
Correspondingly,
 
measurements
 
of 
 
pressures
 
were
 
taken
 
for
 
suction
 
and
 
delivery
 
side.
 
Also
 
corresponding
 
power
 
was
 
observed.
 
Similar
 
operations
 
were
 
done
 
for
 
two
 
pumps
 
arranged
 
in
 
series
 
as
 
well
 
as
 
parallel.
 
Theory
 
A
 
centrifugal
 
pump
 
converts
 
the
 
input
 
power
 
to
 
kinetic
 
energy
 
in
 
the
 
liquid
 
by
 
accelerating
 
the
 
liquid
 
by
 
a
 
revolving
 
device
an
 
impeller.
 
Fluid
 
enters
 
the
 
pump
 
through
 
the
 
eye
 
of 
 
the
 
impeller
 
which
 
rotates
 
at
 
high
 
speed.
 
The
 
fluid
 
is
 
accelerated
 
radially
 
outward
 
from
 
the
 
pump
 
chasing.
 
A
 
vacuum
 
is
 
created
 
at
 
the
 
impellers
 
eye
 
that
 
continuously
 
draws
 
more
 
fluid
 
into
 
the
 
pump.
 
The
 
energy
 
created
 
by
 
the
 
pump
 
is
 
kinetic
 
energy
 
according
 
the
 
Bernoulli
 
Equation.
 
The
 
energy
 
transferred
 
to
 
the
 
liquid
 
corresponds
 
to
 
the
 
velocity
 
at
 
the
 
edge
 
or
 
vane
 
tip
 
of 
 
the
 
impeller.
 
The
 
faster
 
the
 
impeller
 
revolves
 
or
 
the
 
bigger
 
the
 
impeller
 
is,
 
the
 
higher
 
will
 
the
 
velocity
 
of 
 
the
 
liquid
 
energy
 
transferred
 
to
 
the
 
liquid
 
be.
 
This
 
is
 
described
 
by
 
the
 
Affinity
 
Laws.
 
it
 
is
 
important
 
to
 
understand
 
that
 
the
 
pump
 
will
 
pump
 
all
 
fluids
 
to
 
the
 
same
 
height
 
if 
 
the
 
shaft
 
is
 
turning
 
at
 
the
 
same
 
rpm.
 
Centrifugal
 
Pumps
 
are
 
"
constant
 
head
 
machines
".
 
The
 
head
 
of 
 
a
 
pump
 
in
 
metric
 
units
 
can
 
be
 
expressed
 
in
 
metric
 
units
 
as:
 
h
 
=
 
(p
2
 p
1
 )/( 
 ρ
g)
 
+
 
22
 /(2
 
g)
 
(1)
 
where
 
h
 
=
 
total 
 
head 
 
developed 
 
(m)
 
 p
2
 
=
 
 pressure
 
at 
 
outlet 
 
(N/m
2
 )
 
 p
1
 
=
 
 pressure
 
at 
 
inlet 
 
(N/m
2
 )
 
 
 ρ
=
 
density 
 
(kg/m
3
 )
 
g
 
=
 
acceleration
 
of 
 
gravity 
 
(9.81)
 
m/s
2
 
2
 
=
 
velocity 
 
at 
 
the
 
outlet 
 
(m/s)
 
Energy
 
Usage
 
The
 
energy
 
usage
 
in
 
a
 
pumping
 
installation
 
is
 
determined
 
by
 
the
 
flow
 
required,
 
the
 
height
 
lifted
 
and
 
the
 
length
 
and
 
characteristics
 
of 
 
the
 
pipeline.
 
The
 
power
 
required
 
to
 
drive
 
a
 
pump
 
(
P
),
 
is
 
defined
 
simply
 
using
 
SI
 
units
 
by:
 
by:
 
where:
 
P
 
is
 
the
 
input
 
power
 
required
 
(W)
 ρ
is
 
the
 
fluid
 
density
 
(kg/m
3
)
 
g
 
is
 
the
 
gravitational
 
constant
 
(9.81
 
m/s
2
)
 
H
 
is
 
the
 
energy
 
Head
 
added
 
to
 
the
 
flow
 
(m)
 
Q
 
is
 
the
 
flow
 
rate
 
(m
3
/s)
 η
is
 
the
 
efficiency
 
of 
 
the
 
pump
 
plant
 
as
 
a
 
decimal
 
The
 
head
 
added
 
by
 
the
 
pump
 
(
H
)
 
is
 
a
 
sum
 
of 
 
the
 
the
 
static
 
lift,
 
the
 
head
 
loss
 
due
 
to
 
friction
 
and
 
any
 
losses
 
due
 
to
 
valves
 
or
 
pipe
 
bends
 
all
 
expressed
 
in
 
metres
 
of 
 
water.
 
Power
 
is
 
more
 
commonly
 
expressed
 
as
 
kW
 
(10
3
 
W)
 
or
 
horsepower
 
(multiply
 
kW
 
by
 
0.746).
 
The
 
value
 
for
 
the
 
pump
 
efficiency
η
may
 
be
 
stated
 
for
 
the
 
pump
 
itself 
 
or
 
as
 
a
 
combined
 
efficiency
 
of 
 
the
 
pump
 
and
 
motor
 
system.
 
The
 
energy
 
usage
 
is
 
determined
 
by
 
multiplying
 
the
 
power
 
requirement
 
by
 
the
 
length
 
of 
 
time
 
the
 
pump
 
is
 
operating.
 
Performance
 
curve:
 
The
 
performance
 
curve
 
is
 
the
 
easiest
 
and
 
most
 
satisfactory
 
way
 
to
 
show
 
graphically
 
the
 
relationship
 
between
 
head,
 
capacity,
 
horsepower,
 
etc.,
 
of 
 
any
 
pump.
 
For
 
a
 
given
 
rotational
 
speed
 
and
 
impeller
 
size,
 
the
 
performance
 
of 
 
a
 
pump
 
can
 
be
 
represented
 
on
 
a
 
head
capacity
 
curve
 
of 
 
total
 
developed
 
head
 
in
 
feet
 
of 
 
water
 
versus
 
flow
 
in
 
gallons
 
per
 
minute.
 
Total
 
dynamic
 
head
 
(TDH)
 
is
 
the
 
difference
 
between
 
suction
 
and
 
discharge
 
pressure
 
and
 
includes
 
the
 
difference
 
between
 
the
 
velocity
 
head
 
at
 
the
 
suction
 
and
 
discharge
 
connection.
 
The
 
lines
 
sloping
 
downward
 
from
 
left
 
to
 
right
 
represent
 
the
 
varying
 
quantities
 
of 
 
water
 
delivered
 
by
 
the
 
pump
 
with
 
variations
 
in
 
head
 
or
 
pressure
 
for
 
a
 
given
 
impeller
 
size.
 
The
 
intersection
 
of 
 
this
 
line
 
with
 
zero
 
delivery
 
line
 
shows
 
the
 
“shut
off 
 
head”,
 
which
 
is
 
the
 
pressure
 
developed
 
by
 
the
 
pump
 
when
 
the
 
discharge
 
valve
 
is
 
shut.
 

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