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Chpt. 6 -12 (excl. Chpt. 7)Ratings: (0)|Views: 59|Likes: 0

Published by Tomás Monzón

Conjectures from Chapters 6 to 12 of Discovering Geometry.

Conjectures from Chapters 6 to 12 of Discovering Geometry.

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/22296203/Chpt-6-12-excl-Chpt-7

11/08/2009

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Tomás MonzónApril 1, 2009Period 4Geometry

Chapters 8 – 12 Conjectures

Chapter 8

C-75 Rectangle Area Conjecture

The area of a rectangle is given by the formula

A = bh,

where

A

isthe area,

b

is the length of the base, and

h

is the height of the rectangle.

C-76 Parallelogram Area Conjecture

The area of a parallelogram is given by the formula

A = bh

where

A

is the area,

b

is the length of the base, and

h

is the height of the parallelogram.

C-77 Triangle Ara Conjecture

The area of a triangle is given by the formula

A = ½bh

, where

A

is thearea,

b

is the length of the base, and

h

is the height of the triangle/

C-78 Trapezoid Area Conjecture

The area of a trapezoid is given by the formula

A = ½(b

1

+ b

2

)h,

where

A

is the area,

b

1

and

b

2

are the lengths of the two bases, and

h

is the height of the trapezoid.

C-79 Kite Area Conjecture

This area of a kite Is given by the formula

A = ½ d

1

d

2

where d

1

and d

2

arethe lengths of the diagonals.

C-80 Regular Polygon Area Conjecture

The area of a regular polygon is given by the formulaA =

½asn,

where

A

is the area,

a

is the apothem,

s

is the length of each side, and

n

is the number of sides. The length of each side times the number of sides is the perimeter

P

, so

sn = P

. Thus you can alsowrite the formula for area as

A = ½aP

.

C-81 Circle Area Conjecture

The area of a circle is given by the formula

A = r

2

where

A

is the areaand

r

is the radius of the circle.

Chapter 9

C-82 The Pythagorean Theorem

In a right triangle, the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legsequals the square of the length of the hypotenuse. If

a

and

b

are the lengths of the legs, and

c

is thelength of the hypotenuse, then

a

2

+ b

2

= c

2

.

C-83 Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

If the lengths of the three sides of a triangle satisfy thePythagorean equation, then the triangle is a right triangle.

C-84 Isosceles Right Triangle Conjecture

In an isosceles right triangle, if the legs have length

l

, thenthe hypotenuse has length

l

.

C-85 30 – 60 – 90 Triangle Conjecture

In a 30 – 60 – 90 triangle, if the shorter leg has length

a

, thenthe longer leg has length

a

, and the hypotenuse has length 2

a

.

C-86 Distance Formula

The distance between points A(X

1

, Y

1

) and B(X

2

, Y

2

) is given by(AB)

2

= (X2 – X1)2 + (Y2 – Y1)2 or AB = (X

2

– X

1

)

2

+ (Y

2

– Y

1

)

2

.

C-87 Equation of a Circle

The equation of a circle with radius

r

and center (

h, k

) is

Tomás MonzónApril 1, 2009Period 4Geometry(x – h)

2

+ (y – k)

2

= r

2

.

Chapter 10

C-88a Conjecture A

If

B

is the area of the base of a right rectangular prism and

H

is the hieght of thesolid, then the formula for the volume is

V = BH.

C-88b Conjecture B

If

B

is the area of the base of a right prism (or cylinder) and

H

is the height of thesolid, then the formula for the volume is V = BH.

C-88c Conjecture C

The volume of an oblique prism (or cylinder) is the same as the volume of a right prism (or cylinder) that has the same base area and the same height.

C-88 Prism-Cylinder Volume Conjecture

The volume of a prism or a cylinder is the area of the basemultiplied by the height.

C-89 Pyramid-Cone Volume Conjecture

If

B

is the area of the base of a pyramid or a cone, and

H

isthe height of the solid, then the formula for the volume is

V = BH

.

C-90 Sphere Volume Conjecture

The volume of a sphere with radius

r

is given by the formulaV = r

3

.

C-91 Sphere Surface Area Conjecture

The surface area,

S

, of a sphere with radius

r

is given by theformula

Chapter 11

C-92 Dilation Similarity Conjecture

If one polygon is the image of another polygon under a dilation,then the polygons are similar.

C-93 AA Similarity Conjecture

If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of another triangle, then the triangles are similar.

C-94 SSS Similarity Conjecture

If the three sides of one triangle are proportional to the three sides of another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.

C-95 SAS Similarity Conjecture

If two sides of one triangle are proportional to two sides of another triangle, and the included angles are congruent, then the triangles are similar.

C-96 Proportional Parts Conjecture

If two triangles are similar, then the corresponding altitudes,medians, and angle bisectors are proportional to the corresponding sides.

C-97 Angle Bisector/Opposite Side Conjecture

A bisector of an angle in a triangle divides theopposite side into two segments whose lengths are in the same ratio as the lengths of the two sidesforming the angle.

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