, Silviya Sam, Kishwar Hayat Khan
School of Biotechnology, Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Vellore Institute ofTechnology University, Vellore, 632 014 Tamil Nadu, India*Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biochemical compositions and antibacterial activitiesof
plants with yellow, lavender, redand white flowers
Here we report the biochemical composition and antibacterial activities of the leaves andflowers of four
(Verbanaceae) plants with yellow, lavender, red, and whiteflowers. Three out of the four plants showed almost similar carbohydrates and lipidcompositions. The levels of carbohydrates (mg/g dry weight) in the flowers were comparativelyhigher than in the leaves and the lipids content was relatively higher in the leaves except
lavender and white. In lavender
the amount of the total carbohydrates wasvery low. Proteins extracted from the leaves and flowers were subjected to electrophoresis.Electrophoresis of leaf proteins revealed similarity among
yellow, red, and whiteflowers while that of flowers proteins showed similarity between
yellow, lavender,red, and white. Extracts of leaves and flowers obtained with ethyl acetate were studied forantibacterial activities. Leaf and flower ethyl acetate extracts exhibited considerableantibacterial activities against the bacteria used where the value of zone of inhibition rangedfrom 10-21 and 9-15 mm, respectively. For flower and leaf ethyl acetate extracts, the zone ofinhibition (mm) measured ranged from 10-21 and 9-15 mm, respectively. Thus, the study ofthe biochemical parameters viz., lipids, carbohydrates and proteins has revealed similarityamong the four different
. However, antibacterial activities vary from one
to the other and also according to the type of tissue used.
: Antibacterial activity,
, zone of inhibition.Ganjewala D, Sam S, Khan KH (2009) Biochemical compositions and antibacterial activitiesof
plants with yellow, lavender, red and white flowers . EurAsia J BioSci 3,10, 69-77.
©EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 200969EurAsian Journal of BioSciencesEurAsia J BioSci 3, 69-77 (2009)
L. (Verbanaceae),commonly known as wild or red sage is themost widespread species of this genus andregarded both as a notorious weed and apopular ornamental garden plant (Sharma etal. 1987). However, it is listed as one of theimportant medicinal plants of the world (Ross1999).
contains lantadenes, thepentacyclic triterpenes which is reported topossess a number of useful biologicalactivities. Several previous reports havedescribed antifungal, (Tripathi and Shukla2002, Kumar et al. 2006), anti proliferative(Saxena et al. 1992, Nagao et al. 2002), andantimicrobial activities of
(Saxenaet al. 1992, Juliani et al. 2002, Kasali et al.2002, Rajakaruna et al. 2002) includingtermicidal activity reported recently by Vermaand Verma (2006). Moreover, the hydro-alcoholic extracts of the leaves have shownan effect on fertility, general reproductiveperformance, and teratology in rats (Mello etal. 2005).
whole plant and plant parts viz.,leaves, flowers, and essential oils have beenthoroughly studied for their chemicalcompositions, previously and currently (Saleh1974, Hart et al. 1976, Sharma and Sharma1989, Siddiqui et al. 1995, Ghisalberti 2000).All these studies have revealed the presenceof terpenoids, steroids, and alkaloids as majorchemical constituents in
Received: April 2009Accepted: June 2009Printed:June 2009