2 Center for American Progress | Universality in Focus
Tus, here has been an emerging consensus ha he pos-2015 agenda should be uni- versal. By making he new ramework universal, every naion would make commimens o embrace speciﬁc goals and arges ha would make he world less impoverished, more environmenally susainable, and more equiable. I is imporan o sress ha like he original MDGs, he pos-2015 goals and arges are
. Te issue o how universaliy will be applied in pracice has no ye received he level o discussion i deserves, paricularly given ha universaliy has he poenial o consider-ably complicae ﬁnal member-sae negoiaions on he pos-2015 agenda over he nex 18 monhs. Some see universaliy as a cenral componen o he emerging poliical agreemen o make he new se o goals relevan or all counries and a naural reﬂecion o a world where developmen exiss on a coninuum raher han as a simple dichoomy beween “developed” and “developing.” Ohers have expressed worry ha universaliy and an expanded global agenda could poenially undermine he exising ocus on he poores.
Tis repor begins wih he assumpion ha universaliy will be a eaure o he nex agenda. I akes he “illusraive goals and arges” provided in he U.N. High Level Panel repor submited o he secreary-general in June 2013
as a logical saring poin or exploring wha universaliy migh mean in very pracical erms or a given member sae, in his case he Unied Saes.
Te High Level Panel repor adoped a diﬀeren syle han he MDGs when i came o seting is arges, embracing a mixure o global and naionally deermined arges. For example, by seting arges ha called or no one o live on less han $1.25 a day and aim-ing o reduce all prevenable under-5 deahs, he panel se minimum global sandards in a majoriy o is ocus areas. Bu in oher cases, he panel called on each counry o esablish is own level o ambiion oward a deﬁned arge. For example, one naionally deermined arge was o “reduce by X percen he share o people living below he povery line,” wih naional governmens and civil sociey called on o deermine wha he “X percen” should be wihin heir speciﬁc counry conex. (All arges wihin his repor are marked as o wheher hey are globally or naionally deermined, or a mix o he wo.) Tis careul blend o globally and naionally esablished arges was seen as adding an essenial elemen o ﬂexibiliy o make i so ha he ramework could be applied universally. Tis repor mirrors he srucure o he High Level Panel repor; i is divided ino sec-ions by goals and hen by he arges under each goal. Tere is a discussion under each arge regarding is implicaions in he Unied Saes. Could he Unied Saes achieve such a arge? Wha is he curren saus o our progress, or lack hereo, relaed o he issue? Is his an area where he Unied Saes has a vesed ineres in making progress? Is he arge ramed in such a way ha i is measurable, realisic, and achievable? I he panel arge were one where he level o ambiion is o be se naionally, wha migh an appropriae range o ambiion look like in he Unied Saes?