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8 Jigs and Fixtures for Machine Shop

8 Jigs and Fixtures for Machine Shop

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Published by Jatinder Gill
jig and fixture designn
jig and fixture designn

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Published by: Jatinder Gill on Nov 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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8 Jigs and Fixtures forMachine shop
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
34Design and Applicationof typical jigs andfixtures
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
Instructional objectives
This lesson will enable the students :(i) Analyze economic viability and judge necessity of jig – fixture for specificproduction by machining(ii) Plan for designing a fixture or jig(iii) Design fixture or jig (configuration and working) for specific jobs and theirmachining requirements.
Economic Viability Analysis And Judging Necessity OfJig – Fixture.
The three possible modes of manufacturing a lot of a product by machiningare :
using ordinary machine and without jig or fixture
using ordinary machine but with jig or fixture
using automatic special purpose machineThe selection of the appropriate mode is governed mainly by,
technological feasibility of those modes
technical feasibility i.e. availability of the resources and facilities forthe different modes
economical viability, considering
cost of manufacturing, based on
cost of the basic machine
cost of the jig or fixture, if to be used
volume of production (i.e. no. of pieces)
material and labour cost
expected quality of the products and its sale value i.e., revenue
total time that will be required to complete the assignmentIt is to be borne in mind that sophisticated automatic system not only providesand maintains consistency of quality of the products but also drasticallyreduces the total time of completing the production, which have substantialsocio-economic benefits. Use of jigs and fixtures also help to some extent insaving time and maintaining consistent quality. But sophisticated automaticmachines are much more expensive. Use of jigs and fixtures also incur someadditional cost.
Selection of appropriate mode for a specific machining task.
A specific case, for example, is taken up as follows to illustrate the selectionprocedure :Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

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